ISO means International Organization for Standardisation. It is an independent organisation that provides standards in terms of quality, safety, and efficiency of products and services provided by businesses. With the increasing competition among the business, it is important to deliver high-quality goods & services in order to sustain in the market. ISO certification helps to improve your business credibility as well as the overall efficiency of the business.
First of all, you need to choose the type of ISO certification required for your business. There are various types of ISO certification available such as:
ISO/IEC 27000 is a part of the ISO/IEC growing family of the Information Security Management Systems standards, that is, the 'ISO/IEC 27000 series'. ISO/IEC 27000 is an international standard labelled as Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems which mainly defines the overview and vocabulary of the information security management systems. ISO 27000 is published, promoted, and advanced by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
ISO/IEC 27000:2018, which is the revised one, focuses on information technology, security techniques, and information security management systems. This particular standard includes an overview and vocabulary used by the ISO 27000 series standards. Also, it works as a general introduction to the more common ISO/IEC 27001:2013 which is also known as ISO 27001. ISO/IEC 27000:2018 standard is the one, which provides information security management systems (ISMS). Besides the ISMS, the ISO 27000:2018, which is the recently revised one, produces the terms and descriptions generally used in the ISMS family of standards. The ISO 27000:2018 is applicable to all sizes of organization and types of the organization as well. ISO 27000:2018 is suitable for organizations such as commercial enterprises, government firms, non-profit organizations (NGOs).
ISO 27000 was published in 1995 by the British Standard BS 7799. Fortunately, it was the one that gave rise to the ISO 27000 series. Then, after a few years, in 1999, the BS 7799 experiences a revision of the standard, forming three standards. They are
BS 7799-1 explains the code of practice for information security management, BS 7799-2 states the Information Security Management System and BS 7799-3 tells the guidelines for Risk Management.
In the year 2000, the BS 7799-1 standard is then recognised as ISO 17799, after a revision. During the period from 2001 to 2004, the ISO 17799 standard was widely and well revised, resulting in a new ISO/IEC 17799: 2005 version. This ISO/IEC 17799:2005 standard version was published in June 2005. In the same year, BS 7799-2 was adopted and approved by the ISO (International Organization for Standardisation). After the adoption, it received the numbering 27000, emerging with the series aimed at standardization for the section of information security, released as ISO/IEC 27001. And then, in July 2007, the 17799:2005 standard was renumbered as the ISO/IEC 27002:2005. It helped in integrating the ISO 27000 series. The evolution of the 27000 families did not stop there, as we will further explore in this article.
ISO (The International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) organizations maintain expert teams committed to the expansion and evolution of international standards. It helps in the enabling of organizations to implement appropriate structures for managing their information assets, such as financial information, intellectual property, data of employees, customers or third parties, that is, any information that drives value to the corporations.
The published ISO 27000 standards which are related to "information technology - security techniques" are:
An effective ISO 27000 standard provides a management structure of policies and schemes that will hold your information secure, however and whatever the format is. Let us get into the advantages of ISO 27000:
There are at least 15 different documents that are required for ISO/IEC 27000. Now, we will be looking at the documents required for ISO 27000:2013 which is the recent version of the ISO 27000:2013. These documents will be used to mark whether the organization meets ISO 27000 requirements or not.
These documents would be meant to be a policy or set of policies, and its associated documented procedures and guidelines are provided to ensure if the business is adhering to ISO requirements in an efficient and feasible way. ISO 27002 standard would be a huge help to make such documentation but it is not essential to pick the controls/safeguards from the ISO 27002 standard.
Let us see a few different types of documents required for ISO 27000:
Alike ISO 9000, the ISO 27000 standard also requires extensive documentation in order to approach all applicable millstones and administrative, technical, and physical controls. Meanwhile, the method for introducing any new management system needs to follow with a series of regulatory standards and procedures. In order to exercise and maintain multiple management systems in an effective as well as in a better quality approach, their common management functionalities should be integrated and modularized so that people will be benefited in a number of ways. For instance, consider the internal control systems of both standards: ISO 9001 Quality Management and ISO 27001 Information Security Management in terms of their documents and records control, correction and prevention, internal audit, management review, and the cyclic management of Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA). ISO 9001 comes under the ISO 9000, eventually. So, let us see what ISO 9000 is in the following passage.
The ISO 9000 standard was first published in 1987 by ISO (International Organisation for Standardization). It was initially based out of the BSI’s BS 5750 series of standards but later it was proposed to ISO in 1979.
ISO 9000 is nothing but a set of standards where it helps the customers and stakeholders meet their provisions related to the product or service. Moreover, the ISO 9000 ensures that the requirements are within the statutory and regulatory borders. With that in a note, the ISO 9000 family comprises several QMS (Quality Management Systems) standards. The standards cover the guidelines, tools, and direction for the companies and organizations. This, however, helps to ensure that the company’s or the particular organization’s products or services consistently meet their customer’s necessities and also to improve the quality consistently. ISO 9000 deals with the essentials of Quality Management Systems, which apparently includes the seven quality management principles that carry the family of standards. Over one million organisations worldwide are independently certified, making the ISO 9001 standard as one of the most popularly used management tools in the world recently.
In order to increase efficiency and productivity, organizations can follow these standards. By complying with these provisions allocated by the government, the firm can gain access to new and more diverse markets in any chosen field. Companies or organizations that are ISO certified are more engaging to vendors and consumers as it ensures that their products and services are reliable and competent. and that there is an approved standard in place for their processes.
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ISO means International Organization for Standardisation. ISO is an independent organisation that provides standards in terms of quality, safety, and efficiency of products and services provided by businesses. ISO/IEC 27000 is a part of the ISO/IEC growing family of the Information Security Management Systems standards, that is, the 'ISO/IEC 27000 series'. ISO/IEC 27000 is an international standard labelled as Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems which mainly defines the overview and vocabulary of the information security management systems. In this article, you have known about what is ISO, what is ISO 27000 and ISO 9000, the benefits and history of ISO 27000, documents required to obtain the certificate, the whole family standards of ISO 27000 and lots more.