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As the term implies, litigation for any public interest is known as public interest litigation (PIL). Due to the fact that the word 'litigation' simply implies 'legal action,' it refers to a legal action launched by a prominent figure. This strategy serves to safeguard the general welfare. It is a legal action brought in a court of law to defend welfare issues like terrorism, pollution, and building dangers.
PIL allows Indian citizens to submit a petition to the Supreme Court or a High Court immediately. Any person may bring a public interest lawsuit. A public interest lawsuit is intended to hold the government accountable when it is believed that someone is being denied their rights and interests.
Public interest litigation (PIL) is a legal concept in India that allows individuals or organizations to file a lawsuit in the public interest on behalf of those unable to access the legal system or otherwise disadvantaged. The main objectives of PIL in India are
Public Interest Litigation can be filed in the High Court or Supreme Court, depending on the situation. Both courts have the power to entertain the PIL.
If a PIL is filed in a High Court, the person must file two copies of the petition. Similarly, an advance copy of the petition has to be served on each respondent, which is the opposite party, and this proof of service has to be attached to the petition.
If the PIL is filed in Supreme Court, then five sets of the petition should be filed opposite the party served, the copy only if the notice is issued.
Public Interest Litigation can be filed if the following reasons are met.
The Public Interest Litigation PIL format has the following procedures:
Before submitting a Public Interest Litigation over the subject, you must conduct a thorough study. Every time a Public Interest Litigation is launched involving people at large, the petitioner is required to confer with all the parties involved, including individuals and organisations.
Once you are certain that you will file a Public Interest Litigation, gather all the necessary material and documents as evidence to support your case. You can hire a lawyer to present your case or present it on your own.
Always seek legal advice before initiating the Public Interest Litigation. If you're interested in presenting the case on your own in the future, be ready to persuade the judge and explain the issue.
Names of the petitioner and respondent are included in the Supreme Court's format. It must be written and addressed to India's ‘Chief Justice’ To fill out the necessary event, you need to move forward with the format's subject.
Send two copies of the petition to the court when the Public Interest Litigation copy is prepared to be filed in the High Court. Additionally, the petition must be served in advance on the respondents in one copy. The petition must include a copy of the documentation of serving the respondents with a copy of the petition.
If the Public Interest Litigation is brought before the Supreme Court of India under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution, nearly five copies of the petition must be filed with the court. When the court provides the notice on the same, the opposing party (Respondent) is served with a copy of the petition.
Why should you choose Vakilsearch to file a PIL? The reasons are as follows:
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