Pan Card

Your PAN is your identity! Obtain your PAN in no time & avail all the tax benefits provided by the Government!

Pan Card

The Permanent Account Number (PAN) is the unique identification number assigned by the IT Department to the individual tax accounts held by the government for every taxpayer in the country. The PAN possesses all the tax-related information of the taxpayer in one place and, since the PAN card links every individual taxpayer’s financial transactions to them individually, it permits the Income Tax Department to maintain detailed records for every taxpayer, serving to reduce instances of tax fraud and default, and thus serves to reduce instances of tax evasion extensively.

Not only is the PAN needed to file IT returns, but it also serves several other purposes, such as being needed to open a bank account, being essential when applying for a debit or credit card, when applying for a loan, when opening a fixed deposit, and also for insurance payments. It can be used as a proof of identity and is mandatory in order to initiate a foreign currency exchange. Also, it is to be remembered that a copy of the PAN card is now a mandatory submission to be made when one is buying or selling vehicles, property, and even when purchasing large quantities of gold.

To obtain a PAN card, one needs to submit an application to their nearest Tax Information Network facilitation centre (TIN-FC) or the nearest branch of the National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) from their PAN Department. The NSDL also accepts PAN card applications online.

Benefits of the PAN Card

  • When filing IT returns: anyone who is eligible to pay income tax is expected to file their IT returns. A PAN card is obligatory for the filing of IT returns.
  • Proof of identity: The PAN card serves as a valid proof of identity.
  • Tax deductions: as discussed earlier, one of the essential reasons to get a PAN card is for the purpose of taxation. Anyone who hasn’t linked their PAN number with their bank account and earns an annual interest on their savings deposit of more than Rs. 10,000/- would draw a TDS deduction of 30% rather than the otherwise prevalent 10%.
  • IT refund: Oftentimes assessees end up with a higher TDS deduction than is warranted. The assessee is required to have a PAN linked to their bank account in order to claim a tax refund.
  • Opening a business: in order to start a business, a company or business is required to have a PAN registered in its name. A Tax Registration Number (TRN) is needed for a business, and that can be obtained only if it has a PAN.
  • Opening a bank account: Any public, private, or co-operative banks insist on an individual or company having a bank account in their name in order to open a savings or current account. Only under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana can a person open a zero balance account by using voter card or any other proof of identity.
  • Opening a Demat account: A PAN card is also a must in order for any individual or entity to open a Demat account so as to hold shares in a dematerialized form.
  • The purchase and sale of immovable assets: one of the benefits of owning a PAN card is the eligibility of an individual or entity to enter into transactions concerning the sale or purchase of assets. A PAN is required so as to be quoted in the sale or purchase deed for any immovable property valued at Rs. 10 lakh or more.
  • Foreign travel: Cash payments to do with foreign travel for an amount above Rs. 50,000/-, inclusding purchases made in foreign currencies, require a PAN.
  • Time deposit: deposits with the post office, with co-operative banks, or with non-banking financial companies would also need a PAN. Also, deposits amounting to Rs. 5 lakh or more every year will require a PAN.
  • Hotel and restaurant bills: payments of more than Rs. 50,000/- for hotel and restaurant bills require the payer to possess a PAN.
  • Cash cards and pre-paid instruments: cash payments amounting to more than Rs. 50,000/- a year require that a PAN be quoted.
  • Purchase or sale of goods and services: The purchase or sale of any goods or services for an amount of more than Rs. 2 lakh per transaction require a PAN.
  • Bank drafts, pay orders, and banker’s cheques: A PAN card is needed for bank drafts, pay orders, and banker’s cheques for transactions over Rs. 50,000/- in a day.

Documents Required for a PAN Card

There is an exhaustive list of documents required to obtain a PAN Card, to be submitted along with the PAN Card application form, whether Form 49A (for Indian persons or entities) or Form 49AA (for foreign persons or entities). The requirement for documents depends largely on the applicants themselves.

For an individual applicant:

Identity Proof which can be a copy of any one among the following:

  • Any govt. issued ID – Aadhar, DL, Voter ID, etc.
  • Arm’s License
  • Pensioner Card which contains the applicant’s photograph
  • A photo ID card which is issued by Central Government, State Government or a Public Sector Undertaking
  • Central Government’s Health Scheme Card or Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme Photo Card
  • An original bank certificate which is issued on the bank’s letterhead from the branch of the bank and attested by the issuing officer. Such a certificate should contain an attested photograph of the applicant along with the bank account number.

An address proof which can be a copy of any one of the following:

  • Electricity, landline or broadband connection bill
  • Postpaid mobile phone bill
  • Water bill
  • LPG or piped gas connection bill or Gas Connection book
  • Bank account statement
  • Credit card statement
  • Deposit account statement
  • Post Office account Passbook
  • Passport
  • Voter’s ID Card
  • Driving License
  • Property registration document
  • Domicile certificate issued by the Indian Government
  • Aadhar Card
  • Original certificate from the employer provided that the employer is a reputed public or private corporation

Date of birth proof which can be a copy of any one of the following:

  • Birth certificate which is issued by the Municipal Authority or any authorized authority
  • Matriculation certificate
  • Pension Payment order
  • Passport
  • Marriage certificate issued by Registrar of Marriages
  • Driving license
  • Domicile certificate issued by the Indian Government
  • An affidavit sworn before a magistrate stating the applicant’s date of birth

For a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)

  • An affidavit issued by the Karta of the HUF stating the name, address and the father’s name of every coparcener as on the date on which the application is made.
  • Identity proof, address proof and date of birth proof as in case of an individual for the Karta of the HUF.

For a company registered in India

  • copy of the Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Companies.

For firms and Limited Liability Partnerships formed or registered in India

For Trust formed or registered in India

  • Copy of Trust Deed or a copy of the Certificate of Registration Number issued by a Charity Commissioner.

For an Association of Persons

  • Copy of Agreement/Certificate of Registration Number from Registrar of Co-operative Society or Charity Commissioner or other competent authority or any document issued by the Central/State Government which shows identity and address of applicant.

For individuals who are not Indian Citizens

  • A proof of identity which can be any one of the following:
  • Passport copy
  • Copy of PIO card issued by the Indian Government
  • Copy of OCI Card issued by the Indian Government
  • Copy of other national or citizenship Identification Number or TIN attested by applicable ‘Apostille’, Indian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate where the applicant is based.
  • Address proof can be any one of the following:
  • Passport copy
  • Copy of PIO card issued by the Indian Government
  • Copy of OCI Card issued by the Indian Government
  • Copy of other national or citizenship Identification Number or TIN attested by relevant ‘Apostille’, Indian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate
  • Copy of bank statement of the residential country
  • Copy of NRE bank statement in India
  • Copy of resident certificate or Residential permit
  • Copy of registration certificate issued by FRO
  • Copy of VISA granted and appointment letter from any Indian company

Applying for a PAN card

Visit nsdl website and fill in the details asked for below, enter the captcha code, and click on “submit.” Remember to make a note the token number that is then generated, and proceed with the PAN application.

Applying for a PAN card

You should then be directed to a page outlining the three options you could use to submit the various proof documents mentioned above. You could submit them digitally using e-KYC and e-sign, submit scanned images via e-sign, or you can hand over the documents physically at your nearest branch (or send them in by registered post).

PAN Application Documents

You will then be directed to a page where you need to fill in the details such as your sources of income and your address and other contact information.

Source of Income

The next step is then so your Assessing Officer can be assigned and your tax jurisdiction can be understood. You can obtain all this information from the NSDL website by clicking the “AO Code Search for PAN” link. Then click on “next” to go to the document details & declaration section.

AO Code Search for PAN

And lastly, you will need to provide information about all the documents you have submitted as your various proofs. You will also need to upload your photograph and signature. Do all this and click on “Submit.”

Declaration Documents

After submitting the application and making the payment, you will get an OTP on your mobile number linked to your Aadhaar number. Upon entering the OTP, you will receive a 15-digit acknowledgment number and a receipt, which you will need to print out. Sign this receipt and courier it to the NSDL office within 15 days from the application date. Remember to write/print on the envelope in block letters “APPLICATION FOR PAN-N-(15-digit acknowledgement number).”

PAN Card tracking

You will be able to track the status of your PAN card application online on the NSDL by using your name and date of birth as entered in the form or through the 15-digit acknowledgement number.

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