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Name Change

How Long Does It Take to Legally Change Your Name in India?

Understanding the legal process of changing your name in India involves specific steps, verifications, and official approvals. The duration varies, influenced by factors such as publication timelines and government processing. This blog sheds light on the general timeline, helping individuals understand the expected duration for a seamless and legally recognised name change.


Changing your name cannot be done overnight, it requires systematic planning and involves a host of complicated pre and post-gazette publication compliance. While it might take approximately 4-8 weeks to get your name changed published in the gazette. It will take even longer to get this name change effected on important documents. Let us now look at some common mistakes during the name change process that can prolong your identity crisis.

Time Required

The timeframe for a name change in India can vary based on factors such as the reason for the change, government office efficiency, and the completeness of documentation. Here is a general estimate of the time required for a name change

Affidavit and Newspaper Publication

The initial step, including preparing the affidavit, notarizing it, and publishing a notice in newspapers, may take approximately 1-2 weeks.

Gazette Notification

Applying for a Gazette notification typically takes about 2-4 weeks, with variations based on the workload of the Government Press or the Controller of Publications.

Notification in Official Gazette

After applying for the Gazette notification, an additional 2-4 weeks may be needed for it to be issued.

Updating Official Documents

Once you receive the Gazette notification, updating your name on official documents like Aadhaar card, PAN card, passport, driver’s license, and educational certificates may take several weeks to a few months, depending on the processing speed of the respective agencies.

Informing Relevant Institutions

Notifying your bank, employer, and other institutions can vary in time, ranging from a few weeks to a few months, depending on their internal processes.

The entire name change process in India might take around 4-6 weeks, or even longer in certain cases. Timelines are influenced by specific circumstances and the efficiency of government offices and institutions involved. 

Common Blunders to Avoid to Secure a Quick Name Change

Securing a quick name change requires careful navigation to avoid common pitfalls. One significant blunder is inadequate documentation. Ensure all necessary documents, such as affidavits and proofs, are comprehensive and correctly filled out.

Another misstep is overlooking the publication requirement. Failing to publish the name change in local newspapers as mandated can lead to delays. Timely publication is crucial for transparency and legal compliance.

Inaccuracies in the affidavit or publication content can be detrimental. Precision is key; any errors may result in a rejection or additional verifications.

Neglecting to follow up with authorities can also cause delays. Stay proactive, checking the status of your application and promptly addressing any queries or requests for further information.

Lastly, not seeking professional guidance can be a significant blunder. Legal experts can streamline the process, ensuring adherence to specific jurisdictional requirements and minimizing the risk of errors.

By avoiding these common blunders, individuals can enhance the chances of a swift and successful name change, navigating the legal process with efficiency and accuracy.


Transforming your name is a process that demands careful planning, including pre and post-gazette publication compliance. Although gazette publication may take 4-8 weeks, updating your name on crucial documents can take even longer. For a swift and trouble-free name change, trust Vakilsearch experts.”

Frequently Asked Question

What is the process for legally changing one's name in India?

The process involves preparing and notarizing an affidavit, advertising the name change in two local newspapers, and then publishing the change in the Indian Gazette.

How long does it typically take to complete the entire legal name change procedure?

The entire process can take between 15 to 50 days, depending on the publication timelines in the newspapers and the Gazette.

What are the key documents required for initiating the name change process in India?

The key documents include an affidavit, identity proof, address proof, and copies of the newspapers in which the name change statement is published.

Are there specific reasons or criteria that must be met for a legal name change?

It is important to have a valid reason for changing your name, such as marriage, legal, or numerology reasons.

Can the duration for legally changing one's name vary based on the state or region in India?

Yes, the duration can vary based on the state or region due to differences in publication timelines and administrative processes.

What steps can be taken to expedite the name change process, if needed?

Ensure proper compliance with notice periods, affidavit requirements, and documentation formalities, to to expedite the name change process.

Is there a waiting period or specific timeline between submitting the application and obtaining approval for a name change?

The waiting period is between 15 to 50 days, which includes the publication timelines in the newspapers and the Gazette.

How does the publication of the name change in newspapers contribute to the overall timeline?

The publication in newspapers is a mandatory step and the timeline depends on the publication schedules of the chosen newspapers.

Are there any common challenges or delays that individuals may encounter during the name change process?

Common challenges or delays may include discrepancies in the documentation, objections raised during the publication period, or administrative processing delays.

Once the legal name change is approved, how soon can an individual start using the new name for official purposes?

Once the change is published in the Gazette, the new name can be used for official purposes. The Gazette publication serves as official proof of the name change.

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