This blog gives a detailed description of the evidentiary value of legal notice with relevant examples to showcase.
A legal notice is an official business correspondence between the entities in which the sender informs the receiver of his intentions to pursue legal action against him. It aids in informing the receiving party of the user’s concerns. It is interpreted as a caution to the recipient to comply with a specific condition when he does not wish to continue the matter in law. It is an efficient and time strategy for resolving disputes without resorting to litigation, instead opting for discussion, conciliation, or adjudication.
Usage of Legal Notification
- Consumer Message boards: Cases involving the purchase and sale of products and services that turn out to be defective may result in the consumer issuing a court summons to the vendor to correct the flaws.
- Property Conflicts: Disagreements involving property, such as division, inheritance, expulsion, or issues connected to property ownership, may result in the delivery of a Legal notice whether there is any violation or contradiction between the involved parties.
- Federal Loan Switchback: The insolvency resolution processes under the Securitisation and Structured finance Assets and Execution of Securities Interest Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act) start with the defaulter receiving a court summons for payment collection.
- Instances of Check Ricocheting: If a check is dishonoured, the injured party may file a court summons for payment recovery under the Contract Act.
- Money Rehabilitation: A court summons can be an efficient instrument for reclaiming money from a client.
- Employer-Employee Relationships: Any employee who has been denied pay can send a court summons to the company.
What Do You Need to Know About Legal Notices?
In civil cases, a Legal notification is generally submitted. In criminal instances, there is no need to file a formal notice because the state takes action against the perpetrator of the crime. However, suppose one wishes to bring a civil complaint against the administration. In that case, one must first serve a court summons on the authorities, and only then can a law lawsuit be brought against the authorities.
Provisions in the Law Relating to the Legal Notice
Section 80 of the Civil procedure Code, 1908, provides for the transmission of data of a court summons to the authorities or a public authority if one wishes to take legal action against every act tried to claim to have been done by a police officer while in the course of work of any public duties for two months. The goal of the notification is to allow citizens officials to offer compensation after reassessing their legal situation and resolving the issue before going to trial.
The Supreme Court declared in Bihari Chowdhary v. the State of Bihar that “the goal of the provision is the promotion of equity and the safeguarding of the public benefit by avoiding superfluous litigation.”
Suppose a paycheck is dishonoured in any way. In that case, the individual who disrespects the cheque must issue a court summons to the person that gave the cheque under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, of 1881. Within 30 days of the denial, it is mandatory to send a legal letter to the issuers in check. If no money is reimbursed after 15 days of receipt of the legal notification, the issuer has thirty days from the date of fulfilment of the 15-day term to take legal action. This part also determines criminal responsibility.
Judicial cases are commenced in the event of debt collection from willful defaulters under the Securitised and Structured finance Assets and Enforcement of Interesting Features Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act) whenever a legal letter is delivered to the nonpayment.
Elements of a Formal Notice or Legal Notification Format:
- The recipient of the notice’s identity, profession, address, and description of the claim for damages.
- The relief sought by the notice’s author.
- A synopsis of the legal foundation for the requested relief.
What Are the Legal Notice Requirements?
An individual or an organisation is asked to send a legal notification in many circumstances. A legal notice may be issued for a variety of reasons. Land Disputes, Customer Complaints, Fund transfer Bouncing Issues, Marriage, Unfair Loss of Employment, Foreclosure, and other frequent circumstances are among them.
The actual objective of a court order is to notify the other side that if the listed debt, responsibility, or duty is not satisfied within the specified time frame, the party delivering the warning may pursue legal action. It could also be utilised as a last opportunity for the guilty before court procedures commence.
A formal letter enables the offended person to express their complaint in an appropriate form in judgment, with the assistance of an expert advocate, so that the consequences of the receiver’s failure to abide by the terms and circumstances as previously mentioned are well recognised. Serving a court summons offers the other side a chance to respond and helps address the matter without resorting to a lawsuit, which may be difficult and costly.
A legal notice in writing to alert the accused and make him understand the charges levelled against him, as long as he (the accused) is given a fair amount of time to respond to the charges and notify the judge whether he takes issue with the facts contained within.
A legal notice is exclusively submitted in civil matters and filed under Section 80 of the Civil procedure Code, 1908.
A Legal Notification Includes the Following Elements:
- Detailed explanation and facts about the complaint for which activity is being taken.
- The bereaved party search for alternative options.
- A overview of the circumstances and possible solutions to the problem.
- A detailed description of the offended party’s problems and what might be done to fix the problem should be included.
- If the complaint is collectively decided upon, a thorough summary of how the remedy can be procured is addressed.
The legal notice must be well-written. Using the services of an attorney to create the notification would act as mediators between the two or more parties, allowing the concerns to be resolved outside of court. If the other side refuses to acknowledge any fact in a criminal court, appropriate legal terminology and terms must be utilised, and precautions should be taken.
Example Reflecting the Value of Legal Notice
Sama Dharman vs. S. Natarajan
On May 6, 2006, the appellants provided the defendant with 49000/-. The Petitioner provided a payment of 1,00,000/- on July 4, 2006, and then another amount of 1,00,000 that same day. Furthermore, in this case, the Petitioner received Rs. 1,000 after the defendant earned 50000/- on January 11, 2007. According to the Complainant, the respondents, i.e., the defendant, have collected a massive value of 3,00,000.
On review, the High Court cited section 25 (3) of the Indian Contract Act 1872 citing the lack of a clear obligation to pay the amount in whole or in part. Section 25 (3) cannot be applied unless a systematic approach in the shape of a clause is made concerning loan repayment. The High Court further stated that the payment must be issued about a lawfully unenforceable debt or other duty to use section 138 provided in section 142 of the N I Act. As a result, the action should be invalidated when the purported debt becomes time-limited.
As a result, the appellant’s claim can only be addressed during the hearing if it entails evidence investigation.