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What Is Revocation of Trademark

Look into the concept of trademark revocation, unravelling the legal intricacies of cancelling registered trademarks. Explore the reasons behind revocation, the procedural aspects involved, and the implications for brand protection in the dynamic landscape of intellectual property law.


In India, the trademark law acts as a crucial shield for businesses, offering protection through formal registration. While this affords a robust defense, the landscape of trademark protection also acknowledges instances where registered trademarks might be subject to revocation. This article embarks on an exploration of the intricacies surrounding trademark revocation, unraveling the various grounds and legal mechanisms that may lead to the cancellation of a registered trademark. As businesses navigate the dynamic realm of intellectual property, understanding the nuances of trademark revocation becomes imperative for safeguarding brand identity and market presence.

Key Aspects of Trademark Revocation

Trademark revocation in India involves a meticulous examination of grounds that render a registered trademark susceptible to cancellation. From non-use and genericity to deceptive similarity, this comprehensive analysis explores the diverse reasons that can trigger the revocation process. Additionally, the article delves into the procedural aspects, illustrating the legal steps and considerations that both trademark holders and challengers must navigate in the event of a revocation attempt. By understanding the realm of trademark revocation, this article equips businesses and legal practitioners with the knowledge necessary to navigate the nuanced landscape of intellectual property law in India.

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What Does the Revocation of a Trademark Mean?

On successful Brand Registration India, a business becomes eligible to legally enjoy some benefits under the protection of the Trademark Act, 1999. Rights of a registered trademark include the right to exclusive use, the right to assign or transfer the trademark, etc., 

Though the registration serves as a protection to it, there are some grounds on which the registered trademark can be revoked. Trademark revocation, in simple words, means the removal in part or whole, of an already registered trademark. Removal of a trademark, it means the removal or the cancellation of a registered trademark from the official trademark journal.

Grounds for the Revocation of a Trademark

The Trademark Act, of 1999 has laid the following grounds for the cancellation or revocation of a registered trademark.

  1. A registered trademark can be revoked if it has been used in a way causing confusion or deception to the public.
  2. If a trademark is registered with the goods or services without any genuine intention of usage or any bonafide, it becomes eligible for cancellation.
  3. A registered trademark can be revoked on the grounds of non-use of the trademark for five years. But to apply for such revocation on such grounds, the petitioner has to provide solid proof that the mark is unused for the afore-mentioned timeline. 
  4. If a registered trademark is not validated due to a change of circumstances after registration, the registrar can cancel the trademark.
  5. On disclosure of some misrepresentation or failure of disclosure of any material fact during the process of registration by the proprietor, the trademark becomes eligible to be revoked.
  6. Anyone can apply to cancel or revoke a registered trademark if there is a violation or failure to observe any condition mentioned by the Registrar of Trademarks.

Before starting the registration procedure, you can verify whether a trademark is available using Vakilsearch’s free Trademark Search.

Who Can Initiate the Process of Revocation of a Registered Trademark in India?

The recourse to revocation of a registered trademark is available to any aggrieved party in India. An aggrieved party is a person or a company who has an interest in the mark from being removed, or whose interests will be damaged if the trademark in question is allowed to remain in the trademark journal.

The Process of Revocation of a Registered Trademark in India


The aggrieved person has to make an application in Form ™-O. This application must contain all the details regarding the interest of the applicant, the facts upon which the applicant rests his case, and the relief he seeks. The applicant or his authorized agent must verify the application.


The registered proprietor must file a counterstatement within three months of receiving the application and the statement. If no counter statement is made by the registered proprietor within this period, the applicant can file evidence in support of the application in the form of an affidavit. 


Once the applicant files the evidence, the registered proprietor can file evidence in his favour within two months from the date of receiving the applicant’s affidavit. The applicant is then given one month to file any further evidence. If any documents are in languages other than Hindi or English, attested translated copies of all the documents are to be attached in either of the two languages.


The registrar then sends out a notice for a hearing which will be at least a month away from the date of such notice. 


While the option exists for an applicant to personally initiate the process of trademark revocation, seeking professional legal advice is highly recommended. Navigating the complexities of trademark law and the specific grounds for revocation can be intricate, demanding the expertise of legal professionals. Vakilsearch’s team of legal experts offers a valuable resource in this regard. They not only facilitate the filing of the revocation application on your behalf but also provide comprehensive guidance throughout the entire cancellation process. Accessing their services ensures a smoother and more informed approach to the revocation of a registered trademark, offering a link to initiate the process: Vakilsearch – Trademark Revocation.

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