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What Is Prenuptial Agreement in India

Discover who needs a prenuptial agreement and the process involved in making the agreement through this article. Read now to know more about it.


A prenuptial agreement is a contract written and entered into by two people before they marry. A prenuptial agreement typically lists all of the property each person owns (along with any liabilities) and explicitly states the property rights the person will acquire after marriage. 

In this article, we will know why there is a need for marriage and who needs a prenup agreement along with the process of making the same. Let’s get started! 

What Should You Do if Your Partner Asks You to Sign a Prenuptial Agreement?

When your partner asks you to sign a prenuptial agreement, it can be a sensitive and emotional situation. Here are some steps you can take to handle this situation thoughtfully and with clarity:

  1. Stay Calm and Communicate: It’s natural to have strong emotions when faced with a marriage request. Take some time to process your feelings, and then have an open and honest conversation with your partner. Find a comfortable and private setting where you can both express your thoughts and concerns.
  2. Understand the Reasons: Ask your partner to explain their reasons for wanting a marriage. They might have personal or family assets they want to protect, business interests, or other financial considerations. Understanding their perspective can help you see the request in a more objective light.
  3. Seek Legal Advice: Before making any decisions, it’s essential to consult with a family law attorney. A lawyer can explain the legal implications of the marriage, clarify your rights and responsibilities, and ensure that your interests are protected.
  4. Discuss Your Financial Future: Use this opportunity to have a candid conversation about your financial goals and expectations as a couple. Talk about how you plan to manage finances during your marriage and how you envision your financial future together.
  5. Be Honest About Your Feelings: Share your feelings about the marriage request openly. If you have concerns or fears, express them to your partner. Healthy communication is essential in any relationship.
  6. Compromise and Negotiate: If you’re uncomfortable with certain aspects of the marriage, discuss possible modifications that would make you feel more at ease. Be open to finding a middle ground that works for both of you.
  7. Take Your Time: Don’t feel pressured to make a decision immediately. Pre-marriage agreements are significant legal documents, and it’s crucial to take the time you need to consider the implications fully.
  8. Focus on the Relationship: Remember that the marriage is not a measure of your partner’s love or trust in you. It’s a legal agreement designed to provide clarity and protection for both parties in case of unforeseen circumstances.
  9. Consider the Long-Term Benefits: While the idea of a marriage might be uncomfortable, it can offer benefits like asset protection, financial transparency, and reduced stress in case of a divorce.
  10. Stay True to Yourself: Ultimately, the decision to sign a prenup agreement or not is yours to make. Don’t feel pressured into doing something you’re uncomfortable with. It’s essential to prioritise your well-being and happiness.

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What Do I Do Next?

After your partner has asked you to sign a prenuptial agreement, you may be feeling overwhelmed and unsure about what to do next. Here are the steps you can take to handle the situation:

  1. Take Time to Reflect: Allow yourself some time to process your emotions and thoughts about the marriage request. It’s natural to have mixed feelings, and taking time to reflect can help you approach the situation with a clearer mindset.
  2. Understand the Content: If your partner has already presented you with a prenuptial certificate, carefully review its content. Make sure you understand all the terms and conditions outlined in the agreement. If there are any legal terms or clauses you don’t comprehend, seek clarification from a family law attorney.
  3. Communicate with Your Partner: Engage in an open and honest conversation with your partner. Express your feelings and concerns about the marriage, and listen to their perspective as well. The key is to have a respectful dialogue and understand each other’s viewpoints.
  4. Consult with a Family Law Attorney: It’s crucial to seek independent legal advice before making any decisions. A family law attorney can review the prenuptial agreement, explain its implications, and help you understand your rights and protections under the agreement.
  5. Discuss Modifications if Necessary: If certain aspects of the prenup agreement make you uncomfortable, discuss potential modifications or additions that would address your concerns. Negotiating changes to the agreement can help both parties feel more comfortable with the final version.
  6. Consider Your Financial Goals: Think about your long-term financial goals and how the marriage aligns with them. Consider your assets, debts, and financial aspirations as a couple. Assess whether the marriage complements your vision for the future.
  7. Evaluate the Relationship: Take the time to assess your relationship’s overall health and communication. A marriage request can be an opportunity to evaluate how well you and your partner handle challenging conversations and make joint decisions.
  8. Involve a Mediator (if needed): If discussions become difficult or contentious, consider involving a neutral mediator to facilitate the conversation. A mediator can help ensure that both parties are heard and that communication remains constructive.
  9. Make a Decision: After gathering all the necessary information and engaging in meaningful discussions, it’s time to make a decision. Determine whether you are comfortable signing the agreement or if you prefer not to proceed with the marriage under these terms.
  10. Respect Your Decision: Whatever decision you make, respect it as your own. It’s essential to prioritize your well-being and happiness. If you choose not to sign the agreement, communicate your decision honestly and openly with your partner.
  11. Consider Relationship Counseling (if needed): If the marriage request has caused significant strain on your relationship, consider seeking professional counseling together. A counselor can help you navigate the emotional aspects of the situation and provide guidance for moving forward.

Who Needs a Prenuptial  Agreement?

Prenuptial agreements are not limited to specific types of individuals or couples. They can be beneficial for various situations and people with different financial circumstances. While marriage is often associated with the wealthy or celebrities, it can be useful for anyone who wants to protect their assets, address potential financial issues, or establish clear guidelines in the event of a divorce. Here are some scenarios where individuals might consider getting a marriage

  1. Individuals with Significant Assets: If you or your partner have substantial assets, such as property, investments, or valuable possessions, a prenuptial agreement can protect those assets in case of divorce. It can outline how these assets will be divided, ensuring that both parties’ interests are safeguarded.
  2. Business Owners: Entrepreneurs and business owners might choose to get a prenuptial agreement to protect their business interests. This can include specifying the division of business assets or determining the level of involvement of each spouse in the business in case of a divorce.
  3. High-Income Earners: If one or both partners have a significantly higher income, a prenup agreement can address financial disparities and clarify spousal support or alimony arrangements in case the marriage ends.
  4. Individuals with Family Inheritances: People who expect to inherit family assets or businesses may use a prenuptial agreement to ensure that these assets remain within their family in the event of a divorce.
  5. Blended Families: Couples entering a marriage with children from previous relationships might use a prenuptial agreement to establish provisions for supporting and protecting those children’s financial interests.
  6. Debt Concerns: If one or both partners have substantial debts, a prenuptial agreement can define how those debts will be managed during the marriage and potentially addressed in case of divorce.
  7. Unequal Financial Situations: In situations with a significant financial disparity between partners, a prenuptial agreement can help create a fair and transparent financial arrangement that both parties agree on.
  8. Protection of Separate Property: A prenup agreement can define which assets or properties each partner considers separate property, not subject to division in a divorce.
  9. Couples Planning to Live in Different Countries: For couples planning to reside in different countries during their marriage, a prenuptial agreement can help navigate potential international legal complexities in case of divorce.
  10. Financial Transparency and Communication: Even for couples without significant assets, a prenup agreement can promote financial transparency and encourage open conversations about money matters.

Key Takeaways

  1. Open Communication: When faced with a prenuptial agreement request, communicate openly and honestly with your partner. Understand their reasons for wanting a prenup agreement and express your feelings and concerns as well.
  2. Legal Advice: Before making any decisions, seek the guidance of a family law attorney. A lawyer can explain the legal implications of the prenup agreement and ensure that your rights and interests are protected.
  3. Personal Reflection: Take time to process your emotions and thoughts about the prenuptial agreement request. Consider how the agreement aligns with your financial goals and aspirations as a couple.
  4. Mutual Understanding: Use the prenup agreement discussion as an opportunity to understand each other’s financial values and priorities. Finding common ground on financial matters is essential for a successful marriage.
  5. Negotiation and Modification: If certain aspects of the prenuptial agreement are concerning, discuss possible modifications that address your worries. Negotiating changes can create a more equitable agreement for both parties.
  6. No Pressure: Don’t feel pressured into signing a prenup agreement if you’re uncomfortable with it. The decision should be made voluntarily and with full understanding of its implications.
  7. Focus on the Relationship: Remember that a prenup agreement is not a reflection of the strength of your relationship. It’s a practical tool that can provide clarity and protection in unforeseen circumstances.
  8. Consider Long-Term Benefits: While emotionally challenging, a prenuptial agreement can offer benefits like asset protection, reduced stress in case of divorce, and financial transparency.
  9. Respect Your Decision: Whatever choice you make regarding the prenuptial agreement, respect it as your own decision. It’s essential to prioritise your well-being and happiness.
  10. Relationship Growth: Navigating the prenuptial agreement discussion can be an opportunity for personal growth and understanding within your relationship. Embrace the chance to strengthen your bond as a couple.

What Does the Prenuptial Agreement Mean?

A prenuptial agreement is a legal contract between two individuals before marriage. The purpose of a prenuptial agreement is to specify each spouse’s financial arrangements and responsibilities in the event of a divorce or the death of one spouse. 

This can include the division of assets, spousal support, and other financial matters. prenuptial agreement are commonly used to protect the individual interests of each spouse, particularly in cases where one spouse has significantly more assets than the other or has children from a previous relationship. However, it’s important to note that prenuptial agreement must be executed voluntarily, in writing, and with full financial disclosure for them to be legally binding.

Who Needs a Prenuptial Agreement?

Contrary to popular belief, prenuptial agreements are not only for the wealthy. While this agreements are commonly used to protect the assets of a wealthy fiancé, couples of limited means are rapidly turning to them for their uses.

Some people want to get into a prenup agreement for the following reasons:

reasons for prenup agreement

  • Children From Previous Prenuptial Agreement Should Be Given Separate Property.

A married couple with children from previous marriages may use a prenuptial agreement to specify what will happen to their property when they pass away, allowing them to leave separate property to their children while still providing for each other if necessary. Without a prenuptial agreement, a surviving spouse may be entitled to a considerable proportion of the other partner’s property, having left much less for the children.

  • Determine Your Financial Rights

Couples, wealthy or not, with or without children, could simply want to clarify their financial rights and responsibilities to their spouses or partner during the marriage. A prenuptial agreement is used to make such clarity between the couple before getting into the legalities of marriage. 

  • Preventing Arguments in Case of Divorce

In such a case, the person might want to prevent possible arguments if they ever divorce by stating in beforehand how their property will be split and whether either partner will receive the asked alimony. However, a few states will not enable a partner to give up the right to alimony, and in most others, an exemption of alimony will be heavily scrutinized and will not be enforced if the spouse who is giving up on the right to alimony does not have a lawyer.

  • Obtain Debt Protection

Apart from the benefits listed above, prenuptial agreements can also be used to safeguard partners from each other’s outstanding debt and address various other issues.

What Happens If you Don’t Make a Prenuptial Agreement?

If you do not enter into a prenuptial contract, your state’s laws govern who owns the property acquired during your marital relationship and what happens to that property in the event of divorce or death. (Depending on your state, gains made during your marriage are referred to as marital or community property.) State law may even impact what tends to happen to some of the property you possessed before marriage.

A prenuptial agreement is said to be a contract between the marrying couple under the law, and with that agreement comes specific automatic property rights for each partner. 

In the case where a prenup agreement is absent, a partner usually has the right to:

  • Share property acquired during the marriage, with the expectation that the property will be divided between the spouses in the event of mutual divorce or death.
  • Suffer significant debts during the marriage that the other partner may be required to repay, and
  • Share in the administration and control of any marital or community property, including the right to sell it off or rent it out completely

If these laws, known as divorce, marital property, and probate laws, aren’t what you want, then it’s time to consider a prenup agreement, which in most cases allows you to decide on how your property should be dealt with.

How to Draft or Make a Valid Pre-Marriage Agreement?

As pre-marriage agreements become more prevalent, the law has become more flexible for them. Previously, courts regarded pre-marriage agreements with suspicion because they almost always associated an exemption of legal and financial advantages by a less wealthy partner and were assumed to encourage divorce. But these days, the scenario has changed, and the laws have become versatile. 

With divorce and remarrying becoming more common and the concept of gender equality, courts, and legislatures have become more willing to uphold premarital agreements. Every state now allows them, though a pre-marriage agreement deemed unacceptable or fails to meet state requirements will still be rejected.

However, because courts continue to scrutinize pre-marriage agreements, you must negotiate and draft your agreement in a concise, understandable, and legally correct manner with Alimony. If you draft your contract, which we recommend, you should have different lawyers review it and at the very least brief you on it; otherwise, a court might challenge its validity.

Are Such Prenuptial Agreements Binding?

The enforceability of a pre-marriage agreement depends on various factors, including the laws of the jurisdiction in which 

  1. The couple lives
  2. The terms of the agreement
  3. The agreement was entered into voluntarily and with full financial disclosure.

Generally, prenuptial agreements will be enforced as long as they are fair, reasonable, and not against public policy. If a prenuptial agreement is unenforceable, it may be voided in its entirety or part. Factors that may render a prenuptial agreement unenforceable include fraud, duress, coercion, or a lack of understanding of the terms of the agreement by one of the parties.

It’s important to note that prenup agreement are highly complex legal documents and can have far-reaching consequences. As such, it’s recommended that individuals seeking to enter into a prenuptial agreement seek the advice of a licensed attorney specialising in family law. You can contact Vakilsearch for such complex legal agreements and proceedings!

Is It Common for People to Have Prenuptial Agreement?

Prenuptial agreements are becoming increasingly common, particularly among individuals who marry later in life and have already accumulated significant assets. In addition, prenuptial agreements are often used to protect the financial interests of individuals entering into second marriages or who have children from previous relationships.

However, despite their growing popularity, prenuptial agreements are still not as common as other legal agreements. Many couples choose not to enter into a prenuptial agreement because they feel that it’s an unromantic or unneeded step or because they are unaware of the benefits of such an agreement.

It’s important to remember that prenup agreements are personal decisions and not a one-size-fits-all solution. Couples should carefully consider their relationship’s specific circumstances and individual financial needs before deciding whether a prenuptial agreement is right for them.

What Will My Parents Think?

It’s common for people to have concerns about how their parents will react to the idea of a prenuptial agreement. Some parents may view prenuptial agreement as unromantic or as a sign of distrust in the relationship.

However, it’s important to remember that prenuptial agreements are personal decisions and should be based on the specific needs and circumstances of the couple. If you and your partner feel that a prenuptial agreement is necessary for your financial security and peace of mind, it may be worth discussing the issue with your parents and explaining why the agreement is important to you.

In many cases, parents can understand the practical benefits of a prenuptial agreement and may support the decision. It’s also possible that your parents may need to be aware of the full range of benefits that prenuptial agreement can provide and may be open to the idea.

Ultimately, the decision to enter a prenuptial agreement is personal and should be made based on what is best for you and your partner. It’s important to approach the topic with open and honest communication and to consider the feelings and perspectives of everyone involved.

When Shall I Raise It With My Partner and How?

The timing of when to raise the issue of a prenuptial agreement with your partner will depend on your individual circumstances and the specifics of your relationship. It’s generally recommended to have this conversation as early as possible, ideally before you become engaged or before making any significant financial commitments.

When discussing the topic, it’s important to approach the conversation in a non-confrontational manner and to emphasize the practical benefits of having a prenuptial agreement in place. 

You might consider saying something like:

“I’ve been thinking about our future and want to ensure that we are both financially protected. I’ve been doing some research, and a prenuptial agreement might be a good idea for us. I understand if you’re uncomfortable with the idea, but I wanted to discuss it.

It’s also important to be open and transparent about your financial situation and to provide your partner with any relevant information or documents they may need to understand the issue.

Remember, the goal of a prenuptial agreement is to provide financial security and peace of mind for both partners. If you approach the conversation calmly and understandably, your partner may be more open to the idea and willing to engage in a productive discussion.

What Should You Do if Your Partner Asks You to Sign a Presidential Agreement?

If your partner asks you to sign a prenuptial agreement, it is important to consider your options carefully. 

Here are a few steps to consider:

  1. Seek legal advice: Before you sign anything, it’s a good idea to consult with a qualified attorney who specializes in family law. They can explain the legal implications of the agreement and ensure that it is fair and legally binding.
  2. Please read the agreement carefully: Make sure you fully understand the terms of the agreement before you sign it. Pay close attention to any provisions that might affect your rights or obligations in case of a divorce or separation.
  3. Negotiate: If you have concerns about the terms of the agreement, you can try to negotiate changes with your partner. This is a good time to discuss your expectations for the marriage and any financial considerations.
  4. Consider the long-term implications: Consider how the prenuptial agreement might affect you, especially if your circumstances change. Will the agreement still be fair and reasonable if you have children, for example?

Remember, a prenuptial agreement is a legally binding agreement, so it’s important to consider all your options before signing one.

How to Get a Prenuptial Agreement

Vakilsearch is an online legal services platform that assists with drafting prenuptial agreements. Here is the process for getting a prenuptial agreement with Vakilsearch:

  1. Contact Vakilsearch: You can visit their website or call their customer service to get started.
  2. Provide information: Vakilsearch will ask you to provide information about you and your partner, including your assets and liabilities. This information will be used to draft the prenuptial agreements.
  3. Review and approve the draft: Once it is ready, you can review and approve it. If you have any changes or revisions, Vakilsearch will make them for you.
  4. Sign the agreement: Once the prenup agreements is finalised, both partners must sign it in front of witnesses.
  5. Get the agreement registered: If required, the agreement must be registered with the local authorities. Vakilsearch can assist with this process as well.

It is important to keep in mind that while Vakilsearch can assist with drafting a prenuptial agreement, it is always recommended to seek the advice of a qualified attorney before signing any legal document.


If both the partners, with mutual consent from each other, agree to sign a prenuptial agreement and sign the voluntary contract basis and without any threat or obligation. Force or coercion or influence, the agreement can later be regarded as a reference or proof by the Indian Contract Act of 1872. The contract’s documents will be as beneficial as any other written or oral contract.

However, the provisions must be indicated in the document. However, in India, marriages are governed by personal laws. Because marriage is not a contract under the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955, a pre-marriage agreement is void.

Though marriage is considered a contract under Muslim and Christian law, pre-marriage agreements are not recognized. It is, however, governed by the Indian Contract Act of 1872

In this article, we have discussed why and who needs a pre-marriage agreement and what purposes the agreement serves for both partners. We have also discussed how one can validate and draft an agreement involving their respective lawyers. Before going for a pre-marriage agreement, it is recommended to read the full details about it on Vakilsearch for a hassle-free and knowledgeable journey ahead.


Is prenuptial agreement legal in India?

prenuptial agreements are not explicitly recognized under Indian law. However, the concept of prenuptial agreement is gaining popularity in India as couples seek to protect their assets and establish financial arrangements before marriage. While prenuptial agreement are not legally binding in India, they can be considered as evidence in case of disputes during divorce proceedings. It's essential to consult with a family law attorney to understand the legal implications and possibilities of using a prenuptial agreement in India

What is a prenuptial agreement meaning?

Prenuptial agreement is a legal contract entered into by a couple before their marriage or civil partnership. It outlines the division of assets, financial responsibilities, and potential alimony or spousal support arrangements in the event of a divorce or separation.

What is a prenuptial agreement called in India?

In India, prenuptial agreements, are often called 'premarital agreements' or 'premarital contracts.' These terms convey the same concept as prenuptial agreements in other parts of the world


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