How to Pay Income Tax on Fixed Deposit’s Interest Income?

If you are looking for the details regarding the payment of income tax on FD’s in India, read this blog.

You may know that the income you earn from the interests on investment methods like recurring deposits, fixed deposits, binds etc., are supposed to pay tax. In your income tax return, you must reveal the facts about interest income.

For many investors, including senior citizens, fixed deposits remain a famous investment option. It is due to Fixed deposits (FD) being rectified investment methods that can not get affected by any market forces. They give a constant rate of returns. Also, the rate of harm from losing your equity is reduced to a great degree. 

However, the constant or steady returns from FD could mean the tax payment is necessary. The revenue from your FDA is summed up to your other income under the title of income from other sources and is taxed at the same rate. 

You can lessen your payable taxes by taking tax benefits accessible under the Income Tax Act, 1961. But before availing of these benefits, you should know how this interest income is taxed. Let’s have a look at the taxability of interested incomes. 

Interest income on recurring deposits / domestic fixed

The earned income interest from the fixed deposit is subjected to tax, and you must pay taxes following applicable tax rates for the particular financial year under IT Act. When the interest income is more than rupees 40,000 ( Rs 50,000 for senior citizens), the bank withdraws the tax at source (TDS) for interest paid on FD in any financial year. 

The present TDS rate for inhabitants on interest income over the upper limits is 10%. But, it can become up to 20% in case you do not have PAN or for a specified person.  The specified person is one who had not documented their income tax returns from the last two years and has a combined TCS/TDS status of Rs 50,000 or more in each of the previous two years. The TDS for NRIs is at the rate of 30% and good cess and surcharge.  

You can avail of protection on TDS by documenting a Form 15G (for senior citizens, it is Form 15H) if your overall income from all other sources is below the maximum amount not subjected to tax. As per section 80TTB, senior citizens can allege a deduction on interest income to RS 50,000.

Interest income on savings account

If you are earning an interest income of Rs 10,000 from your saving account, you can argue for a tax deduction as per section 80TTA of the IT Act. However, if the amount is more than 10,000, it will be subjected to tax according to slab taxes. To check the protection limit, sum up all their interest income from all available accounts, including post office accounts, bank accounts and joint bank accounts. As per section 80TTB, senior citizens can deduct interest income on fixed deposits and saving accounts up to Rs 50,000. 

Interest income on corporate bonds

Corporate bonds issued by private or public corporations are subjected to tax according to slab rates for an accrual purpose. The earning from the corporate binds is comprised under the title ‘income from other sources, whereas the loss or profit from the bond sales is taxable under equity gains. However, under Section 10(15)(iv)(h) of the IT Act, the interest-earning on tax-free bonds is protected from being subject to tax. These bonds are usually government bonds or public undertakings like Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd.

Know about TDS: 

When you recurve any payment from another person, they deduct some amount as tax before paying it. The deducted tax from the sources is called TDS which is later paid to the central government. 

You will get the credit of payment net of tax. While documenting in your Income tax Return, you have to add the gross amount to your earnings. For better understanding, if you get FD interest of 100 rupees, the bank will deduct its 10% as TDS, I.e., 10 rupees and pay these 10 Rs to the central government. 

While documenting the interest-earning income tax returns, you must note the full interest income of RS 100 in your income tax returns and request the TDS withdrawn by the bank of Rs. 10 as TDS repay or tax credit from the outstanding liability, as the possibility may be. 


How to calculate tax on interest income?

Sum up the interest-earning to your total earning in your ITR each year. Interested earning is documented under the heading “income from other sources” while documenting ITR. 

Use the Income tax calculator on Vakilsearch to quickly calculate your taxes and submit your ITR.

The income tax department will revise the TDS already deducted against your ultimate tax liability. 

If your bank does not withdraw the TDS from the interest-earning, the interest-earning attained from your FDs in a specific financial year is to be summed to your total earning and then subject to tax. 

It is not recommended to stay until your FD gets mature when interest is certainly received – to document the interest-earning. This may be because the accumulated interest can push you to a higher slab tax, and you may have to pay more tax. By viewing your Form 26AS, you can see any TDS on your accounts. 

Understand the calculation of your tax:

If the interest earnings in any provided fiscal year surpass the predetermined boundaries, TDS is applied. 

Let’s take a few examples to understand how you can calculate your tax on interest income.

  1. Sabah plunges into a 20% tax frame. She has two FDs with a bank of Rupees 1,00,000, each for 3 years at the rate of 6% interest per year. In the beginning year, her interest earning is 6,000 from every FD. Total income gained is 12,000 in the beginning year. Bank doesn’t withdraw any TDS as the amount is below 40,000, to which the bank charges for TDS. 
  2. Farhan has an FD of 10 lakh rupees at 6% interest per annum. He gets an annual interest of 60,000 rupees. The bank deducts a TDS on the full 60,000 at the rate of 10% as the prescribed TDS rate. That means 6000 rupees will be dedicated from his account per annum, and that amount will be paid to the central government. 

When to pay tax on interest income?

If there is a tax penalty on summing up your interest earning to your total income, it is necessary to pay the required amount by or before 31st March every financial year. This is the way you can pay any overdue taxes. 

However, if the payable tax after your interest earning gets included in your total income is exceeded Rs 10,000. You are responsible for paying the required amount of tax in advance. Hence the regulations of quarterly expenditure of advance tax in portions are to be assembled. 

How large amount of FD is tax-free?

When capitalizing in FD, an investor is eligible to insist a revenue tax protection on involvements up to 1.5 lakh rupees. The earned interest on a tax saving FD is subjected to tax and is deducted at the source as TDS. The options like overdraft, loan or early withdrawal are not available in the case of tax-saving fixed deposits. 

How to Save Tax on FD?

As per section 80 of the income tax act, the principal amount of the FD is protected from the tax, but the interest income from this amount is still taxable. However, if the interest income is less than 40,000 from your fixed deposit, then your earned amount can not be subject to tax.

Besides this, many options exist to save tax on fixed deposit interest. Some of them are as: 

  • Form 15G/15H –

If you fulfill the 15G form asserting that you earn no taxable earnings, then the bank will also free your income. The same is applied to senior citizens with the help of form 15H. 

  • Fixed Deposit Distribution –

If you allocate the fixed deposit quantity to several banks, you can save on TDS as the interest received separately from every bank will not be more than the maximum of Rs. 40,000.

  • Planning FD Timings –

 Another method to save your deductions on FD interest is by putting the deposit period so that the interest received in the apprehensive financial year should not be more than the barrier of Rs. 40,000.

  • Fixed Deposit Split –

You can also divide your fixed deposit into your HUF and personal account. Both of the accounts will be evaluated as different commodities, and this will maintain the interest received on every account low.


Every eligible citizen has to pay the tax on their income. When you are doing a good job or your income source is efficient, you will earn more and more. Everyone is thinking of keeping these as fixed deposits. But before doing so, you should know all the important things regarding your fixed deposits. The main and important thing you should know is the interest income tax from the fixed deposits. In case you need any help, go through the Vakilsearch. It will assist you on every step, and you will get a piece of good information from it regarding the Fixed Deposit’s Interest Income. 

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