This article briefly discusses the timeline of a cheque bounce is that you can be aware of the severe consequences of a cheque bounce.
A cheque is commonly used in India as a bill of exchange that is payable on demand. The person who issues and writes the cheque is called the drawer and the person who receives the cheque and in whose name the cheque is drawn is called the drawee. You need to deposit the cheque in the payee’s bank account. Below we can have a look at cheque bounce timeline.
If you submit the cheque at the bank, and you get the accurate amount from the bank, the cheque is regarded as honored. However, if the bank cannot pay the required amount stated in the cheque to the payee, the cheque is then dishonored.
Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act states that a cheque bounce due to insufficient balance in the bank, if there is a discrepancy in the signature, etc.
Cheque bouncing is a criminal offense in India and you could get imprisoned for up to 2 years and would need to pay twice the amount stated in the dishonored cheque.
Moreover, in Section 143A, it is quite clear that interim compensation can be given to the complainant for the issues caused due to the Cheque Bounce.
What is Cheque Bounce Timeline?
If a cheque bounces, the first step is taken by the drawee’s bank which notifies the payee by issuing a cheque return memo listing the causes behind the cheque bounce. The bank sends the dishonored cheque and the memo to the payee.
The payee is allowed to return the cheque in three months from the date written on the cheque. Firstly, the payee has to issue a notice to the issuer or drawer thirty days after receiving the cheque bounce notice.
Secondly, the payee has to state clearly in the notice that the stipulated amount must be paid to them 15 days after receiving the receipt of the notice. However, if the drawer fails to adhere to these conditions and does not give back the money in 30 days, the payee has the right to issue a criminal complaint against the drawer.
If you are too late in filing the complaint, however, your check bounce case won’t be given any attention in court if your limitation period is over. They will only review the case if you can prove that you had a valid cause for the delay.
The court will send summons to the drawer and if they are found guilty, they might be sentenced to 2 years in prison or made to pay twice the initial amount to the payee.
The drawer can also appeal in the Sessions Court within thirty days of the order of the Lower Court. The drawer also has the additional option of filing a cheque bounce case under section 420 of the Indian Penal Code for cheating. You also have to know about the Cheque Bounce Charges Online.
Exemptions for Cheque Bounce Notice
If a cheque is drawn in the name of a charitable trust as an application amount or a donation won’t get dishonored.
In some cases, when there are some minor changes or corrections in the cheque, it might not get bounced as the banks can excuse small mistakes. However, the banks might make you pay some penalty for the corrections on the cheque.
Cheque bounce is quite a common occurrence in India since there aren’t strict punishments for check bouncing despite there being comprehensive laws about it. Everyone should try their best to avoid getting into legal trouble because of cheque bounce or dishonoring of the cheque by the bank as it’s a waste of time and money. If you are facing legal trouble due to a cheque bounce case, you should trust a Vakilsearch cheque bounce case lawyer to help you.