What is the Difference Between ® and ™?

Last Updated at: Jul 06, 2021
Trademark registration
The Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) has rejected Red Bull’s plea for the removal of a trademark registered in the name of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited. In its petition, Red Bull said Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited registered the trademark with the tagline ‘Your Wings to Life’ in 2001. But, Red Bull is the registered proprietor of the mark ‘Gives You Wings.’ Red Bull complained that Dr. Reddy’s has not used the trademark ‘Your Wings to Life’ for the goods in respect of which it stands registered for almost 15 years. 


In common words, a Trademark is a symbol or a phrase or a word. They represent either the company or a particular product. Trademarks also include acronyms, fonts, slogans, and even particularly designed colors. There are different categories of trademarks. Such as sound, word, logo design, slogan, shape, emblem, letters, and many more. There are no restrictions on where the ® symbol has to be placed in your Trademark.

trademark registration

™ Vs ®

trademark registration

Many of us think that the ™ and ® symbols can be used alternatively. But that is wrong, both ™, ® symbols convey different meanings. Here’s a look at it. The ™ symbol is commonly used on new designs, logos, phrases, or words by the particular association or the individual. While waiting for the Trademark Registration. A registered Trademark for a particular service/product is indicated by the ® symbol. Trademarks can be either registered or unregistered.

When a particular product has a Trademark that doesn’t mean it is a Registered Trademark. ™ symbol can be used for unregistered Trademarks but ® symbol cannot be used for unregistered Trademarks. The symbol should be used for only registered Trademarks. The ™ trademark has no protection while the symbol ® has protection and also legal rights.

   Trademark registration

SM symbol is used to represent services by an individual or a company but not manual products. It is inaccurate to use ™ symbols if you sell services rather than products and vice versa. Generally, the SM symbol is used when services are offered. Like the symbol ™, SM is also an unregistered Trademark and it has no protection.

trademark registration

The symbol © is a copyright symbol. Copyright is to protect intellectual creations. The © symbol is for the user when the Copyright Registration of intellectual works takes place in India. Like Music works, Artworks, Literary, Dramatic, and many more. The sign © gives Copyright Protection to any work like paintings, photographs, books, videos, web designs, songs, etc. In case of violation by anyone legal action will be taken. Copyrights are not for names, titles, Trademarks, plans, ideas, techniques.

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Benefits of Trademark Registration

Benefits of Trademark Registration

The owner of the particular Trademark has the exclusive rights and control over the product. In case of infringement, the owner has the right to take action against the third-party. Registered Trademark saves customers from purchasing or using low-quality products/apps from other developers. Registration of Trademark develops a formless asset i.e. Intellectual Property for the individual or the organization. Trademark promotes goods, products, apps, and services. After Trademark Registration, your Trademark has protection for 10 years at a reasonable price. You can renew it every 10 years.

Trademark identifies the birth of the product, name, design, logo, or service. The commercial interests of an individual or a company get protection by Trademark. One of the advantages of having a Registered Trademark is the Product/service will be trusted by customers. It attracts young people, makes it easy for you or your company to have sufficient human resources. When you want to extend your products or services to a foreign country. Then the Trademark Registration in India will act as the basis for registration in other countries. Having a Trademark makes it easy for customers to find your product, logo, or service. If someone either intentionally or unintentionally infringe your Trademark. Then they will ask to eliminate the name or design and also need to pay legal fines and fees.

Trademark Registration in India

Trademark Registration in India.

There are different categories of trademarks. Such as sound, word, logo design, slogan, shape, emblem, letters, and many more. The first step is to have a proper name for your product/service. Many individuals often try to have descriptive names because it describes the product. Choosing a name is surely time taking. Because, when applying for trademark registration, if your Trademark name is similar to other rivals. Then you might receive a letter stating to change your Trademark name. So to avoid this Trademark search should arrange. It is available in both offline and online methods.

Consulting an experienced lawyer is useful. You have to fill the-1 application for Trademark Registering. This form takes 2 days to complete and each application costs Rs.4,000. If you are applying for two classes(sectors) then it costs Rs.16,000 in total for 4 applications. In addition to this, you have to pay for the lawyer too. Trademark Registration is sure expensive but you will also get the maximum benefits from it. After the trademark registration, you can use the ® symbol for your product.


There is a significant difference between ™ and ®. Trademarks can be registered or unregistered. If your product has the potential to gain success then it is good to have a registered Trademark. Connect with Vakilsearch today to get your trademark done.

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Senior Executive - Content in Vakilsearch