Aadhaar Card Authentication

Last Updated at: November 25, 2020
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The UIDAI launched the Aadhaar card in 2009 to help create a digital identity for Indians. Under this scheme, eligible residents have been able to obtain a unique 12-digit identification number. As a result, the Aadhaar card has made digital identification and verification more accessible than ever before. Not only does it help with online verification, but it also enables users to avail of services, such as government subsidies, welfare schemes and other such benefits. Since the Aadhaar card contains both the applicant’s demographic and biometric details, it is challenging to replicate. This allows the government to rely on Aadhaar card verification through the UIDAI’s Central Identities Data Repository. In this article, we will take a look at what Aadhaar card authentication is, how it works and why it is essential.

  1. What is Aadhaar Authentication?

  2. Need for Aadhaar Authentication

  3. How Does Aadhaar Authentication Work?

  4. Modes of Aadhaar Authentication

  5. Benefits of Aadhaar Authentication

What is Aadhaar Authentication?

Aadhaar authentication is essentially the process using which the UIDAI checks the genuineness and authenticity of an Aadhaar card. When the request for an authentication reaches the UIDAI, it cross-checks the details on the Aadhaar with the details available on their CIDR. In case the details provided match with the details on their database, the system verifies the Aadhaar via a “Yes” or “No” response. To help protect the Aadhaar details of the applicant, the server does not disclose any other information along with this.

Need for Aadhaar Authentication

Several governments, public and private organisations use the Aadhaar Card for handing out welfare and benefit schemes. To ensure that the applicant is deserving of the benefit, they need to verify and validate the applicant’s identity. As a result, most organisations require the applicant to submit their proof of identity for the verification process. However, since most of the other documents can be easily forged, organisations have a tough time verifying these documents. 

Since the Aadhaar Card contains the biometric details of the individual, it is tough to duplicate it. Furthermore, the online verification platform maintained by the UIDAI also makes Aadhaar authentication a simple and effective process. As a result, most organisations now verify and authenticate the identity of individuals via this platform before handing out subsidies and other benefits. Most government and private organisations will require Aadhaar authentication for availing their services shortly. Doing so will help them prevent undeserving candidates from gaining access to their welfare and benefit schemes. 

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How Does Aadhaar Authentication Work?

As of now, Aadhaar authentication is open to anyone who requests the same to the UIDAI. During such a process, the organisation that requires verification sends the UIDAI an authentication request. The authority will then try to match the details provided with the information available on the UIDAI’s CIDR. In case the details provided match, the system will notify the organisation with a simple yes or no. As the UIDAI has strict laws regarding the sharing and storing of Aadhaar details, it does not provide any other information to the service provider. This helps protect the information of the applicant, preventing other organisations from gaining access to personal information without the applicant’s prior approval. Also, the authority will only accept requests that abide by the laws and regulations detailed by it.

Modes of Aadhaar Authentication

Here’s a look at the various methods of Aadhaar authentication.

  • Demographic: This includes authentication of your details, such as your name, gender, date of birth and address. Every Aadhaar card applicant has to provide this information at the time of enrollment, and it becomes a part of the Aadhaar card details. For such authentication, the authority matches the details supplied with the details available in the CIDR.
  • OTP Authentication: OTPs are small passwords or PINs that are valid for a short period, and may be used once to log in or complete a transaction online. Using an OTP for authentication allows the individual to verify their identity to avail government or Aadhaar-linked services. To verify their identity, the applicant asks the system to generate an OTP. This OTP is sent to the applicant’s registered mobile number. Once he or she receives the OTP, they can input it in the required field and click on Verify to complete the process of authentication.
  • Biometric: In this type of authentication, an individual is identified with the help of a unique biological trait associated with them. The feature may be any one of the following;
    1. Fingerprints
    2. DNA
    3. Retina pattern
    4. Iris Pattern
    5. Sound waves

For Aadhaar authentication, the service providers ask for iris and fingerprint scans. To verify such details, the service provider has to send the biometric details collected along with the Aadhaar number of the applicant. The UIDAI will then cross-check these details with their own sample of the applicant’s biometric information from the CIDR.

  • Muli-factor: Certain agencies ask for multi-factor authentication to improve the security and efficiency of the verification. In such cases, the service provider may ask for any combination of the above-mentioned authentication modes.

 Benefits of Aadhaar Authentication

  1. Helps maintain the integrity and security of the system
  2. Enables organisations to accurately and efficiently authenticate the identity of an applicant
  3. Significantly reduces the paperwork required of organisations 
  4. Reduces the number of identity documents required significantly 
  5. Dramatically simplifies the process of authentication for service providers
  6. Help with identifying and processing benefits to the most deserving candidates
  7. Enables organisations to weed out forged applications and stop corruption
  8. Helps with the authentication of online transactions via BHIM 
  9. Does not give away all information and respects the privacy of the applicant 

Know about Aadhaar Card Update

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Aadhaar Card Authentication

390

The UIDAI launched the Aadhaar card in 2009 to help create a digital identity for Indians. Under this scheme, eligible residents have been able to obtain a unique 12-digit identification number. As a result, the Aadhaar card has made digital identification and verification more accessible than ever before. Not only does it help with online verification, but it also enables users to avail of services, such as government subsidies, welfare schemes and other such benefits. Since the Aadhaar card contains both the applicant’s demographic and biometric details, it is challenging to replicate. This allows the government to rely on Aadhaar card verification through the UIDAI’s Central Identities Data Repository. In this article, we will take a look at what Aadhaar card authentication is, how it works and why it is essential.

  1. What is Aadhaar Authentication?

  2. Need for Aadhaar Authentication

  3. How Does Aadhaar Authentication Work?

  4. Modes of Aadhaar Authentication

  5. Benefits of Aadhaar Authentication

What is Aadhaar Authentication?

Aadhaar authentication is essentially the process using which the UIDAI checks the genuineness and authenticity of an Aadhaar card. When the request for an authentication reaches the UIDAI, it cross-checks the details on the Aadhaar with the details available on their CIDR. In case the details provided match with the details on their database, the system verifies the Aadhaar via a “Yes” or “No” response. To help protect the Aadhaar details of the applicant, the server does not disclose any other information along with this.

Need for Aadhaar Authentication

Several governments, public and private organisations use the Aadhaar Card for handing out welfare and benefit schemes. To ensure that the applicant is deserving of the benefit, they need to verify and validate the applicant’s identity. As a result, most organisations require the applicant to submit their proof of identity for the verification process. However, since most of the other documents can be easily forged, organisations have a tough time verifying these documents. 

Since the Aadhaar Card contains the biometric details of the individual, it is tough to duplicate it. Furthermore, the online verification platform maintained by the UIDAI also makes Aadhaar authentication a simple and effective process. As a result, most organisations now verify and authenticate the identity of individuals via this platform before handing out subsidies and other benefits. Most government and private organisations will require Aadhaar authentication for availing their services shortly. Doing so will help them prevent undeserving candidates from gaining access to their welfare and benefit schemes. 

get legal assistance

How Does Aadhaar Authentication Work?

As of now, Aadhaar authentication is open to anyone who requests the same to the UIDAI. During such a process, the organisation that requires verification sends the UIDAI an authentication request. The authority will then try to match the details provided with the information available on the UIDAI’s CIDR. In case the details provided match, the system will notify the organisation with a simple yes or no. As the UIDAI has strict laws regarding the sharing and storing of Aadhaar details, it does not provide any other information to the service provider. This helps protect the information of the applicant, preventing other organisations from gaining access to personal information without the applicant’s prior approval. Also, the authority will only accept requests that abide by the laws and regulations detailed by it.

Modes of Aadhaar Authentication

Here’s a look at the various methods of Aadhaar authentication.

  • Demographic: This includes authentication of your details, such as your name, gender, date of birth and address. Every Aadhaar card applicant has to provide this information at the time of enrollment, and it becomes a part of the Aadhaar card details. For such authentication, the authority matches the details supplied with the details available in the CIDR.
  • OTP Authentication: OTPs are small passwords or PINs that are valid for a short period, and may be used once to log in or complete a transaction online. Using an OTP for authentication allows the individual to verify their identity to avail government or Aadhaar-linked services. To verify their identity, the applicant asks the system to generate an OTP. This OTP is sent to the applicant’s registered mobile number. Once he or she receives the OTP, they can input it in the required field and click on Verify to complete the process of authentication.
  • Biometric: In this type of authentication, an individual is identified with the help of a unique biological trait associated with them. The feature may be any one of the following;
    1. Fingerprints
    2. DNA
    3. Retina pattern
    4. Iris Pattern
    5. Sound waves

For Aadhaar authentication, the service providers ask for iris and fingerprint scans. To verify such details, the service provider has to send the biometric details collected along with the Aadhaar number of the applicant. The UIDAI will then cross-check these details with their own sample of the applicant’s biometric information from the CIDR.

  • Muli-factor: Certain agencies ask for multi-factor authentication to improve the security and efficiency of the verification. In such cases, the service provider may ask for any combination of the above-mentioned authentication modes.

 Benefits of Aadhaar Authentication

  1. Helps maintain the integrity and security of the system
  2. Enables organisations to accurately and efficiently authenticate the identity of an applicant
  3. Significantly reduces the paperwork required of organisations 
  4. Reduces the number of identity documents required significantly 
  5. Dramatically simplifies the process of authentication for service providers
  6. Help with identifying and processing benefits to the most deserving candidates
  7. Enables organisations to weed out forged applications and stop corruption
  8. Helps with the authentication of online transactions via BHIM 
  9. Does not give away all information and respects the privacy of the applicant 

Know about Aadhaar Card Update

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