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Winding Up of Company

The Process of Winding Up an OPC

Winding up an OPC can be a complex process that involves legal requirements, impact on members and creditors, asset valuation, tax compliance, timeframe, and costs. Know what benefits an employee must receive when an OPC is closed down.

The Concept of Winding up an OPC:

Winding up an OPC refers to the process of closing down a One Person Company (OPC). This may be due to various reasons, such as financial difficulties, lack of business opportunities, or personal reasons of the owner.

It involves settling all the liabilities and obligations of the company and distributing any remaining assets to the shareholders.

Types of Winding up of an OPC: Voluntary and Compulsory:

Voluntary winding up of an OPC is initiated by the company’s owner, who decides to close down the business. This may be due to various reasons, such as completion of the project, retirement of the owner, or lack of financial resources.

Compulsory winding up, on the other hand, is initiated by external factors, such as court orders, regulatory authorities, or creditors, due to non-payment of debts or violation of legal requirements.

Legal Requirements:

Winding up an OPC involves complying with various legal requirements, such as obtaining approval from the shareholders, appointing a liquidator, filing necessary forms with the Registrar of Companies, and publishing a notice of winding up in a newspaper.

Failure to comply with these requirements can result in legal penalties and consequences for the stakeholders.

Impact of Winding up on OPC Members and Creditors:

Winding up an OPC can have a significant impact on the members and creditors of the company. Members may lose their investment and face legal consequences if the winding up is not done properly. Creditors may face difficulties in recovering their debts and may have to wait for a long time to receive their payments.

Valuation and Distribution of Assets and Liabilities:

Valuation of assets and liabilities is a crucial step in the winding up of an OPC. It involves determining the value of all the assets and liabilities of the company, including cash, investments, inventory, equipment, and liabilities. The liquidator then distributes the assets to the stakeholders according to their priority and entitlements.

Tax Implications and Compliance:

Winding up an OPC can have significant tax implications, such as capital gains tax, income tax, and GST. It is essential to comply with all the tax regulations and file necessary tax returns to avoid penalties and legal consequences.

Timeframe and Costs of Winding up an OPC:

The timeframe and costs of winding up an OPC depend on various factors, such as the type of winding up, the size of the company, the complexity of the assets and liabilities, and legal requirements.

It can take several months or even years to complete the process, and the costs can be substantial, including legal fees, liquidator fees, and tax liabilities.

Methods of Winding Up One Person Company

There are two ways to wind up a One Person Company in India:

Winding up: This type of dissolution is done by holding a meeting approved by at least 2/3 of the creditors participating in the meeting.

Striking off: If you’re eligible there is a simpler process where the OPC can apply to the Registrar of Companies (ROC) for striking off its name from the register of companies.

Documents Required to Dissolve a One Person Company

The documents required to close a One Person Company in India are as follows:

  • The Application for Striking Off the OPC
  • Board Resolution in favour of the desired winding up
  • Consent Letter and Affidavit of its Director
  • Consent of the Creditors of the OPC
  • Indemnity Bond
  • Statement of Accounts

Why do People Register For One Person Company?

  • Limited liability protection: The owner’s personal assets are separate from the company’s liabilities.
  • Easy to manage: Only one person is required to manage the company.
  • Sole ownership: The owner has complete control and ownership of the company.
  • Tax benefits: One-Person Companies have certain tax advantages compared to other business structures.
  • Professional image: Registering as a One Person Company can enhance the credibility and reputation of the business. 

Eligibility Criteria For Closing One Person Company in India

There is no specific eligibility criteria for closing a One Person Company in India.

Process For Filing Closing One Person Company in India

An OPC can be compulsorily wound up if it meets the following criteria:

  • It is unable to pay its debts.
  • It has become insolvent.
  • It has committed a breach of the Companies Act.

In addition to the above criteria, there are some other factors that may affect the eligibility of an OPC for winding up, such as:

  • The company’s financial position.
  • The company’s ability to continue trading.
  • The interests of the company’s creditors and members.

However, the brief process for closing a One Person Company in India involves the following steps:

  • Signing the statement of assets and liabilities
  • Application filing to the MCA
  • Submission of required documents

If you are considering winding up your OPC, it is important to speak to a lawyer from Vakilsearch to discuss your specific circumstances. Our experts will  be able to advise you on whether or not your company is eligible for winding up and the best way to proceed.


The winding-up process of an OPC has significant legal, financial, and operational implications. It is crucial for the directors and members of an OPC to understand the legal requirements and implications of the winding-up process.

By doing so, they can ensure compliance with the law, protect the interests of creditors and employees, and minimize any negative impact on their reputation.  For any more queries, contact the experts at Vakilsearch


How to close an OPC company in India?

The process of closing down an OPC is called winding up. It involves filing an application with the Registrar of Companies (RoC) and liquidating the assets of the company to pay off its debts

Briefly explain the close of your One Person Company process

The process of closing an OPC involves filing an application with the RoC, appointing a liquidator, and liquidating the assets of the company to pay off its debts. Once this is done, the company can be struck off the RoC's register.

How can we cancel the company registration of an OPC in India?

The registration of an OPC can be canceled by filing an application for winding up with the RoC and liquidating the assets of the company to pay off its debts.

What are the requirements for board resolution for a One Person Company?

A board resolution is not required for winding up an OPC. However, the consent of the sole member of the company is required for the appointment of a liquidator.

Can one director close a Company OPC?

Yes, one director can close an OPC. The process of winding up an OPC involves filing an application with the RoC and appointing a liquidator

What are the procedures of winding up?

The procedures for winding up an OPC involve filing an application with the RoC, appointing a liquidator, and liquidating the assets of the company to pay off its debts.

What is the form for OPC closure?

The form for OPC closure is Form STK-2, which needs to be filed with the RoC along with the necessary documents.

If you need help with the process of winding up an OPC, you can consider using the services of Vakilsearch by opting for our affordable OPC winding-up package!

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