ISO 22000

Show your customers that you care for their safety. Get your food safety management system certified by the ISO 22000 standard.

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What is ISO 22000?

nternational organisation of standardization (ISO) 22000 is an internationally recognized standard that requires an enterprise to have a proper food safety management system. The ISO 22000 certification can be obtained BY any organisation, irrespective of the size, indulged in any mode of food supply chain across the world.

By fetching this certification, an organisation will have wide access to the world market and have sustained improvements in both processing and performance.

ISO 22000 will go along with the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP), which elucidate the list of hazards that might occur in the food chain process and ISO 9001 quality management system. Similarly, it has certain prerequisites programs, which should be implemented in the whole production process to ensure the safety standard of the food products.

Being an ISO 22000 organisation, it will have a greater preference amidst the customers as it shows an ideal food safety management system. Here the standards should be maintained throughout the whole production process, distribution, storing, and handling of all food products and ingredients.

ISO 22000 certification is not a single-stage process! It extends from cultivators to packing raw materials, processing, packing processed content, transporting, sale of goods.

This ISO 22000 food safety certification makes the organisation have strict control over the presence of any hazards in the food materials at the time of consumption. In the flow of food supply chain, the parties participating are primary producers, manufacture, transporter, store operator, retailers, caterers, packing materials, cleaning agents, ingredients, preservatives, and the service providers,

The ISO 22000 certification not only covers the food-related products but also pesticides, fertilizers, and veterinary drugs. Due to the increasing demand for reliable food products by consumers and reliable food ingredients by the food processors, the ISO 22000 certification becoming a must criteria for all food industry entities.

According to the world health organisation report, more than 200 diseases are spread through the food so having an ISO 22000 certification will minimize these type of diseases in the whole food industry across the world

The ISO 22000 clauses have outlined exactly what are all needs to be satisfied in a food safety management system. They are made up of certain key points

System management:

There should be properly structured management systems to ensure that the food safety management system is properly carried out in the organisation. It must be outlined, maintained and updated. This makes the food safety management system provide maximum benefit to the organization and other interested parties.

Interactive communication:

One of the most important standards of ISO 22000 is a structured organisation with interactive communication throughout all the processing stages of the food supply chain. Effective communication ensures that all food safety hazards are properly maintained and controlled. Communication should not be limited to the internal organisation, it should extend to both customers and suppliers.

Prerequisite programs:

The prerequisite programs are nothing but the policies and procedures, executed in an organisation related to the role of the manufacturing environment, which involves the process of creating safety food products. ISO 22000 requires every organisation to analyse and implement the important prerequisite programs in order to reduce the risk of contamination. This does not require any particular prerequisite programs to be implemented, rather it requires the organisation to sort out the needs and apply for the specific programs as required. ISO 22000 requirements can be integrated with existing standards of the management system or it can be applied independently by referring to the other management system standards. Similarly, the organisation can establish a new framework of food safety management system, and ensure that it meets the requirements of ISO 22000 standards.

HACCP principles:

  • ISO 22000 follows the principle of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system. Analysing the potential hazards is the main element of maintaining a successful food safety management system, as it provides the organisation with effective control.
  • Similarly, it requires the company or organisation to predict that any reasonable hazard is expected to occur and whether it be associated with a list of equipment equipped or procedures, and it should be identified and evaluated.

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What are the new changes in ISO 22000, as per the new version ISO 22000:2018?

  • The new version of ISO 22000 follows a high-level structure like other ISO management system standards.
  • Has a different approach to understanding the risk.
  • Plan Do Check Act (PDCA) cycle, which covers management system and principles of HACCP
  • Clear elucidation on key terms like Critical Control Points (CCP), prerequisite programs (PRPs).

ISO 22000 clauses: (4 to 10)

  • ISO 22000 Clause 4: Understanding the organisation, understanding the needs and expectations of the interested party, and determining the scope of food safety management system (FSMS).
  • ISO 22000 Clause 5: Leadership and commitment, safety policy, company roles, and responsibilities.
  • ISO 22000 Clause 6: Planning action to address risk and opportunities, the scope of FSMS and planning to achieve them, planning of changes.
  • ISO 22000 Clause 7: Support on resources, awareness, competence, and communication.
  • ISO 22000 Clause 8: Operational planning and control, prerequisites programs, traceability system, emergency response, hazard control, monitoring and measuring, verification of PRP and hazard control plans, control of product and process on non-conformities.
  • ISO 22000 Clause 9: Performance evaluation, monitoring, measurement, evaluation, analysis, internal audit, and management review.
  • ISO 22000 Clause 10: Improvement in nonconformity and corrective action, checking continuous improvement, updating the food safety management system (FSMS).

What are the benefits of ISO 22000 certification?

In this contemporary world, several food organisations, manufacturing units, and industries have emerged. In order to compete with them, there has to be a unique identity in the market to showcase their products and services as certified amidst the consumers.

As a certified organisation, it not only promotes the trade and economic growth, of the company but it also strengthens trust among the public.

ISO 22000 food safety standard aims to minimize the risk of bacterial contamination and food adulteration thereby reducing the health risk, throughout the entire ISO 22000 food safety management process.

Global recognition: As well known as the ISO 22000 certification is, ISO 22000 certified companies meet international standards in every stage of production. It shows the uniqueness of the organisation, more than others.

Minimum risk of liability: An organisation following these food safety standards have limited liability, as the quality of the food materials are harmless.

Access to international trade: As the ISO 22000 certification is a globally accepted standard, it opens the gate of the organisation to expand its trade activities all over the world.

Consistent improvements in processing and performance: There will be steady improvements in the perspective of food processing with subject to hygiene, quality, safety packing, etc thus resulting in a better performance of the organisation.

Edge over advantage in the market: Any organisation or enterprise with ISO 22000 certification will be preferred in the global market than its competitors, because of their identity and trustworthiness maintained by them.

Promotes the smooth relationship with consumer/ distributor: As food products and ingredients are highly reliable, there will not be any controversy or issues arising between them in the whole food supply chain process.

Promotes overall business growth: During the course of the time, the organisation will fetch a prominent position in the market thereby increasing the opportunity to improve the overall economic growth of the organisation.

Reduced errors and customer complaints: By following the prescribed standards stated by the ISO 22000, maximum errors will be eliminated and the satisfaction of the customer will be high, resulting in reduced complaints of the customer.

Increased trust among the public: Now due to the increased awareness, people prefer certified food products in the markets, in order to get rid of any health risks.

What are the checklist aspects of ISO 22000?

The ISO 22000 checklist is a questionnaire containing all important aspects required for certifying the organisation. It can be said that there are internal audits to check the food borne hazards and hygiene of the organisation and ensure if the organisation meets the standards of ISO 22000 food safety management system.

  • The ISO 22000 certification checklist requires clause wise standards from each department.
  • This checklist helps in verifying whether the food safety management system (FSMS) has been implemented in any organisation.
  • All organisations must fulfill the mandatory compliance of ISO 22000 on both departments wise and clause wise standards to get an accreditation.

ISO 22000 audit checklist Department-wise

  • Top Managements
  • Training
  • Quality control
  • Food safety( team leader)
  • Marketing
  • Engineering
  • Production
  • Packing and dispatching
  • Housekeeping and sanitation
  • Purchase
  • Stores department (raw materials).

ISO 22000 audit checklist: Clause-wise

  • General requirements
  • Management responsibilities
  • Provision of resources
  • Planning and realization of safe products.
  • Validation and verification.

How to acquire an ISO 22000 certification?

  • The ISO 22000 certification can be acquired by submitting all the mandatory documents of the food safety management system, maintained by the organisation. Apart from that, certain internal audits should be conducted by the auditors to confirm whether the organisation has enough qualifications to get the accreditation. This audit report should be annexed with the application form of the ISO 22000.
  • The company should have a framework regarding the food safety policy formulated by the top management.
  • The organisation should set the list of objectives should be achieved in the said policy
  • Proper planning and designing of management systems should be done.
  • A group of qualified experts should be formed as a food safety team.
  • The performance of the system should be recorded and maintained.
  • Effective communication between the internal department and the other important departments outside of the company like regulatory, customers, suppliers, etc.
  • Every organisation should have an emergency plan in order to tackle unforeseen situations.
  • The company should convene a management review meeting to evaluate the food safety management system (FSMS)
  • There should be appropriate resources for the effective operation of the food safety management system, with respect to well trained and qualified personals, sufficient infrastructure, and a good environment for the smooth functioning of the company.
  • HACCP principles should be implemented and followed in every section.
  • Tracking systems should be followed for identifying a product to determine the status of the supply chain.
  • Establish measures to be taken for non conforming of the products.
  • Separate documents should be maintained on the procedures for handling the withdrawal of the products.
  • The internal audit should be conducted within the appropriate time, and to be maintained.
  • Continuous upgrading and maintaining of an FSMS.
  • An awareness program should be convened regarding the HACCP.
  • An analysis shall be carried out on mitigating the hazards.
  • Documents should be created on the HACCP plan of HACCP system.
  • All the personnels of the company would be trained on procedures and formats.
  • Train the internal audit of the company
  • The first internal audit should be evaluated, and the corrective actions should be made.

Pre-requisites for ISO 22000 certification

Food Safety Management Documentation: The first thing is for the system to be documented in the form of objectives, policies, procedure, and records. Every company should maintain the documented management system that is made up of mainly four levels of documentation.

Documentation Process: All the documentation procedures should be made according to the standards as well as the things required to ensure the control of the other processes in your FSMS.This documentation is to be planned and approved by the top management of the company.

Mandatory Procedures Required For The Standards: Document control, unsafe product control, records control, corrective actions, withdrawals and internal audits. In a company, there should be a set of rules compiled in a book to be followed. These work instructions will become an important and integrated part of the system.

The Procedure for ISO 22000 certification

Buy the ISO standard manual: The ISO 22000 manual could be obtained from the market, and evaluate the terms and conditions of the standards mentioned. After that, these standards should be acknowledged to the employees of the organisation in order to carry out this throughout the process.

Get the application form from the accredited ISO certification body: The application form should be obtained from the ISO certification body, which is mainly located in Arab countries like UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, etc.

Preliminary assessment of infrastructure: After the application was made to the official ISO certification body, the initial assessment will be conducted on the basic structure of the management system related to the standards which were met. After the assessment is over, there will be suggestions to improve the standards.

Certification of audit: Once the preliminary audit is over, the document containing the results of department wise and clause wise scrutiny is sorted out and the certificate of an audit is formulated.

Surveillance audit: After the first audit, there is a surveillance audit to verify the ongoing improvement of the standard system, cross-checking the previous audit on non-conformities, and suggesting an improved standardization has to be met.

Recertification in the next 3 years: Re-certification can be done after three years, once the company has met the set of standards mandated by the ISO certification authority. So it creates an opportunity for the entities to get recertified by meeting the ISO 22000 standards

What is the cost required for obtaining the ISO 22000 certification?

  • The ISO 22000 certification cost required for obtaining the ISO 22000 will depend on several criteria involved in the internal affairs of the organisation. There are several factors that affect the implementation cost, which includes;
  • cost of the consultant
  • cost of the software
  • conducting training programs for the internal personnels and employees
  • cost of food safety training
  • cost of internal auditor training
  • cost of the documentation
  • Finally, the cost required for certification of the audits and the accreditations.

The cost incurred by the certification body will vary depending on the size, infrastructure, and complexity of the business involved in the respective organisations. Before entering this process, the company should analyze and get the quote from at least two to three certifying bodies, to find the best price affordable.

And it takes around 3 to 15 days to get ISO 22000 certification from the certifying body. It may take a little longer to get certified, if the certifying body has any issues or flaws, in the submitted document. it varies from organisation to organisation and the type of business involved

ISO Certified companies:

There are a lot of companies that have been certified under ISO 22000, for example, BAN HONG POULTRY PTE LTD, a company involved in the distribution and transportation of freshly frozen chicken meat. And the major activities involved in this organisation is poultry meat processing, thawed chicken parts, whole black chicken, whole spring chicken, etc. so this certification is becoming a mandatory factor for all the food industries in order to prove the quality involved in the process and for promoting the trade activities in the market.

What are the documents required for obtaining the ISO 22000 certification?

The documents required for obtaining the ISO 22000 certification consist of records and results of the safeguards pertaining to the organisation. Upcoming documents and records are to be annexed with the application form of the ISO certification authority. The documents to be furnished are

  • Records for Management audit.
  • Records for duty and authority
  • Records for correspondence
  • Records for Emergency readiness
  • Records of instruction, preparation, abilities, and experience.
  • Records expected to have proof that the acknowledgment of safe items and getting ready for the equivalent.
  • Records of consequences of Prerequisite projects.
  • Records for information assortment for Hazard investigation.
  • Records for confirmation of stream outlines.
  • Records for Hazard examination.
  • Records for Hazard appraisal.
  • Records for Effective checking of control measures.
  • Records for built up Operational PRPs.
  • Records for the HACCP plan.
  • Records for choice and execution of CCP.
  • Records for checking of CCP.
  • Records for confirmation exercises.
  • Traceability (where it is necessary).
  • Records for remedy.
  • Records for remedial activity.
  • Records for possibly dangerous items.
  • Records for the arrival of hazardous items as protected
  • Records of power answerable for the arrival of the item
  • Records for an attitude of nonconforming items.
  • Records for withdrawals of hazardous items.
  • Records for approval of control measure mixes.
  • Results of adjustment and confirmation
  • Results of adjustment and confirmation.
  • Records of inside reviews.
  • Records of investigation of check exercises.
  • Records of nonstop improvement.
  • Records of framework update.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Food manufacturing industries
  • Food transportation agencies
  • Food packing entities
  • Food ingredients suppliers
  • Food Additives
  • Retailers/wholesalers
  • Supermarkets, etc.
The ISO 22000: 2018 is the latest version! It replaces the ISO 22000: 2015. Any organisation belonging to this certification should be swapped for the new version within a period of three months from the date of publication.
FSSC 22000 is an internationally recognized standard for food safety management system in food supply chain systems. It uses the existing form of ISO 22000 and ISO 22003.
One of the important differences is that it is not recognized by the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI). But the ISO 22000 standard is comparingly broader in scope than FSSC 22000.

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