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Joint Venture

How Do You Structure A Joint Venture?

Know proper details of the structure of a joint venture and read everything related to the same in this blog.

An agreement between companies to pool their resources to complete a specific project is known as a joint venture (JV). This could be a new project or a business activity. Each participant is responsible for a joint venture’s profits, losses, and costs. The venture, on the other hand, is a separate entity from the interests of its participants. Know about the structure of joint venture agreement and other concepts related to Joint Venture in this blog.

What Are Your Options When It Comes To Forming Joint Ventures?

Facts and circumstances and the purpose of your joint venture will play a significant role in determining which joint venture structure is best for you. But even if everyone involved is aiming for the same goal, in the long run, everyone has individual goals and interests independent of the joint venture. There may be other motivations for each party to join forces than the main collaboration.

The Structure of Joint Venture Agreement can be organized in a variety of ways:

Contractual Joint Venture Or collaboration Agreement

As a result of the parties’ voluntary decision to sign this contract, it is now legally binding.

  • The structure of the joint venture
  • The potential joint venture project between the parties
  • How each party’s duties and responsibilities are to be divided.
  • When something goes wrong, and a party wants to raise an issue or leave the venture, all parties must know what to do.

The parties to a joint venture do not typically need to pool their resources or investments into a separate entity when using this structure. The assets and resources that each party intends to use in the venture are typically under the control of that party throughout the project. This is standard practice.

Joint Venture In The Legal Form Of A Corporation

Sometimes it’s necessary to create a separate legal entity to run the venture (such as when the parties want to establish a long-term business partnership). In this case, each party will contribute a percentage of their assets or money to the entity to make the project a reality. Depending on the project’s needs, there are several options for establishing a separate entity, including a corporation, an LLC, or a partnership firm.

For example, if the new entity is established in a specific jurisdiction or has been set up to hold tangible property assets, there may be tax consequences. Suppose you already have a business structure in place. In that case, you should seek legal and tax advice before forming a new entity to ensure the new entity won’t adversely affect your current commercial structure or tax status.

How To Make The Joint Venture Structure Fit Your Company’s Goals?

When two or more parties want to enter into a legally binding agreement for a joint venture, they use joint venture arrangements. Depending on the nature of the project and the amount of investment or ongoing work each party is prepared to offer, the parties’ level of commitment can vary greatly.

When one party invests more, it typically demands more outstanding commitment and control from the other party or parties involved in the project. The structure of a joint venture can be determined by who owns the assets being contributed to the project. A contractual arrangement might work if the current owner retains the assets.

A separate legal entity may be set up if both parties intend that all of the project’s assets will be contributed to or held by the project, and the assets are transferred into that entity. An important consideration when choosing a business structure is the tax consequences of any asset transfers.

The structure of your joint venture will be determined by the risks you’re willing to take and the amount of time, money, and resources you’re ready to commit to the project, not to mention the benefits you hope to derive from it.

In addition to commercial project commitments, forming a joint venture with an independent legal entity necessitates a higher level of commitment. To a certain extent, this is because the parties are usually jointly responsible for meeting the legal and regulatory obligations necessary to manage and operate the separate entity successfully.

When a joint venture goes awry, it’s not necessary for the parties involved to set up a separate legal entity to protect their interests if the partnership fails to meet expectations.

Learn more about How Do You Write a Joint Venture Agreement?

The Taxes Paid by a Partnership

The most common thing that two parties can do when forming a JV is to create a new entity. However, because the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) does not recognize joint ventures (JVs), the business form between the two parties determines how taxes are paid. It will be taxed like any other business or corporation if the JV is a separate entity. So if it’s an LLC, the owner’s tax returns would be affected just like any other LLC.

Any taxable gains or losses will be specified in the JV agreement. As long as both parties agree to the agreement as a contractual relationship, the way the tax is split is up to them.

Firms Form Joint Ventures For A Variety Of Reasons

Temporary partnerships can be formed for various reasons, including growth, the creation of new products, or the entry into new markets (particularly overseas). Joint ventures (JVs) are a common way to bring together the strengths, resources, and expertise of two companies that would not otherwise have anything to do with one another. Each participating company can scale its resources to meet an individual project or goal while reducing overall costs and spreading out the inherent risks or liabilities.

Do Joint Ventures Necessitate A Plan B?

As the purpose of a joint venture is to meet a specific project’s objectives, the venture comes to an end once that project is completed. Exit strategies are essential to avoid lengthy discussions, costly legal battles, and unfair practices that could harm customers and cause financial losses. To get out of a joint venture, you can sell the new business, spin it off into another entity, or give employee stock ownership to them. Each exit strategy’s advantages and potential conflicts for joint venture partners differ.

In a joint venture, each participant has access to another participant’s resources without having to fork over a lot of money. After the joint venture is completed, each company retains its identity and can return to normal business operations.


If you are planning to open up a joint venture then you need the guidance of an expert, and you can always reach out to Vakilsearch for the same.

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