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What Is the Role of a Family Lawyer?

Discover the functions of Civil Lawyers adept at resolving property disputes, Criminal Lawyers strategising to safeguard clients, Corporate Lawyers upholding financial legality

In India, marriage is primarily governed by personal laws based on religion, such as the Hindu Marriage Act, Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, and the Indian Christian Marriage Act. These Family lawyers provide guidelines for the validity of marriage, grounds for divorce, and the division of assets. The laws regarding divorce in India are undergoing significant changes, with the introduction of new laws and amendments to existing ones.

In fact, family law in India is a complex and evolving area of law that is influenced by cultural, social, and religious norms. While there are laws in place to protect the rights of individuals in family disputes, there is still much work to be done to ensure that these laws are effective in practice.

Duties of a Family Lawyer

A family lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in matters related to family law, which is an area of law that deals with issues related to family relationships and domestic matters. Family lawyers are trained to provide legal representation and advice to individuals and families on a wide range of issues, including but not limited to:


Family lawyers assist clients who are going through a divorce by helping them navigate the legal process, dividing marital property, and resolving issues related to child custody, child support, and spousal support.

Child Custody and Support:

Family lawyers help clients in matters related to child custody and support, including filing for custody, modifying custody arrangements, and ensuring that child support payments are fair and appropriate.


Family lawyers assist clients in the process of adopting a child, which includes legal procedures such as filing for adoption, obtaining necessary documentation, and appearing in court.

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Domestic Violence:

Family lawyers help clients who are victims of domestic violence by obtaining restraining orders, filing for divorce or separation, and ensuring the safety of their children.

Property Division:

Family lawyers assist clients with dividing assets and property during a divorce or separation, including negotiating settlements, preparing legal documents, and representing clients in court.

Pre-nuptial and Post-nuptial Agreements:

Family lawyers draft pre-nuptial and post-nuptial agreements to protect clients’ interests in the event of divorce or separation.

The role of a family lawyer is to provide legal guidance and representation to clients, ensuring that their interests are protected and that their legal rights are upheld. They work to ensure that legal procedures are followed and that their clients receive fair and just outcomes in their legal matters. 

Types of a Family Lawyer

Within the world of family law, a diverse array of specialisations exists, each catering to distinct legal needs. Let’s delve into the types of family lawyers and their unique functions:

Civil Lawyer: Dealing with non-criminal disputes, particularly property and legal matters, Civil Lawyers excel in resolving conflicts on behalf of private businesses. Their expertise lies in untangling legal complexities that arise in the realm of property and personal rights.

Criminal Lawyer: Criminal Lawyers meticulously research cases to evaluate the potential for positive outcomes, crafting strategies to safeguard clients in court. They play a pivotal role in interpreting laws, guiding clients through legal options, and facilitating swift resolution of cases.

Corporate Lawyer: Ensuring the legality of financial operations within corporations or organisations, Corporate Lawyers are entrusted with upholding fundamental rights and obligations. This extends to clarifying roles and responsibilities of the company’s officers.

Legal Advisor: Operating in both government and private sectors, Legal Advisors bear significant responsibilities, often accompanied by excitement and challenges. Employed by government bodies, large corporations, and other entities, these advisors provide crucial legal counsel and services to their organisations and employees.


Does a Family Lawyer require travelling?

Frequent travel is often a requirement for Family Lawyers. Those pursuing a Family Lawyer career might need to visit clients or courts for additional proceedings.

What does a family lawyer do?

The primary focus of many family law firms is to serve clients navigating divorce and its complexities, including asset division, child custody, and spousal support. Family lawyers also handle prenuptial and postnuptial agreements and related legal actions.

In India, what are the different types of jobs available to family lawyers?

In India, family lawyers find employment opportunities in law firms, law enforcement agencies, government entities, public departments, and certain employment sectors.

How long does it take to become a Family Lawyer?

Becoming a Family Lawyer typically requires a period ranging from 3 to 13 years post-completion of your education. This encompasses obtaining a formal degree, passing the bar exam, and accruing work experience.

The Takeaway 

Finding the right attorney can be challenging enough. Your lawyer’s ability to handle the case will influence the outcome for you. Take your time deciding which one is best for you as a rushed hire may end up costing you more money in the long run.

Start looking when you believe you might need one. Even if you wish to address your concerns with your partner or child calmly, it is still best to get in touch with a professional from Vakilsearch. Once you get in touch with our attorneys, you will be able to navigate the procedure more smoothly and with more awareness.

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