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Non Disclosure Agreement

Remedies For Breaches of an NDA Agreement

The blog contains everything about the remedies offered after breaching an NDA Agreement. Read to know more. 

A nondisclosure agreement (NDA) is a legally binding contract governed by the Indian Contract Act, 1872, which operates as a general framework for all contracts and agreements. This Agreement safeguards and maintains the confidentiality of sensitive information shared between the parties, such as trade secrets.

A nondisclosure agreement (NDA) is also known as a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA), secrecy agreement (SA), or non-disparagement Agreement.

A nondisclosure agreement (NDA) prevents a company’s trade secrets or sensitive information from being revealed to competitors or unauthorized parties who could use it to cause irreparable harm to the disclosing party. When they sign the Agreement, the disclosing party who provides sensitive information to the receiver agrees on what is considered private and what is not.

NDAs keep the information provided between the two parties private and safeguard the company’s intellectual property. The revelation of various information is typically required as the initial stage in the negotiation process. It mandates that the parties abide by the NDA and do not break it, as doing so could result in legal action.

What Happens If You Breach A Confidentiality Agreement?

A breach of the NDA is a civil offense. NDAs are legally enforceable contracts. The receiving party must keep the private information secret when the parties sign an NDA.

NDAs offer legal remedies and consequences for any breach of the Agreement, such as injunctions and indemnification, among other things. In addition, a breach of an NDA can result in substantial monetary fines and injunctive relief. Therefore, before signing an NDA, one should properly read it.

Why Should You Not Break A Confidentiality Agreement?

NDAs are contracts that prevent people from releasing sensitive information to third parties or the public, and they come with harsh penalties. In many cases, the Agreement will spell out the ramifications of breaching the NDA. Injunction, indemnification, damages, termination from the job, loss of business reputation, clients, and so on are some examples of punishments for violating an NDA.

A typical NDA would include language allowing the Disclosing Party to pursue any legal remedies. Such broad terminology should serve as a red flag to the Receiving Party. It is preferable to follow confidentiality commitments than to violate an NDA. You can make NDA Online Draft for the Businesses that are for E-Commerce Industry.

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Clause Of Non-Disclosure Penalty

Because estimating the losses resulting from a breach of the secrecy clause might be difficult, a penalty clause that offers a good value for the damages arising from a contractual non-fulfillment may be advantageous.

Suppose the penalty is already established in the Agreement. There would be no fear of paying extensive damages, which would not be the case if the party intended to completely adhere to the contractual commitments.

The penalties for breaking the Agreement, such as injunctions, indemnification, and damages, are sometimes spelled out in the contract. However, it’s important to note that these preventive reliefs are governed by the Specific Relief Act of 1963 and the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908.

  • Injunction

The non-breaching party may obtain a court order prohibiting the Receiving Party from disclosing such confidential information. The goal of obtaining an interim or perpetual injunction is to prohibit the defendant (the Receiving Party) from committing any more breaches or harming the aggrieved party (the Disclosing Party).

  • Damage

Any fees, expenditures, or damages incurred by the Disclosing Party due to any breach of this Agreement’s provisions must be covered by the Receiving Party. This obligation includes court fees, litigation costs, and actual, reasonable attorney’s fees.

  • Affects

If the Receiving Party breaches an NDA, the Disclosing Party may initiate a lawsuit to prevent further disclosures and prosecute the violating party for monetary damages.

If the language of a contract is unduly broad, unreasonable, or onerous, it may be void. The courts will also challenge or invalidate agreements that are overly broad, oppressive, or attempt to contain non-confidential information. The Disclosing Party cannot enforce an NDA Legal Action if the information is made public.

Different Types Of Contract Breach Remedies

There are various common contract breach remedies. The appropriate remedy is determined by the contract’s provisions, the nature of the violation, and the facts of the case.

  • Damages for Compensation

The most typical legal remedy for contract violation is an award of compensatory damages.

Compensatory damages are calculated based on the actual losses you have incurred due to the breach of contract. Expectation damages and consequential losses are the two most common types.

  • Expectation Costs

Expectation damages, often known as general damages, arise immediately from a contract failure.

Consider the case of a bus tour firm that signs a र100,000 contract to purchase a bus.

However, the vendor refuses to sell the bus and breaks the deal. The bus firm locates a buyer for a parallel bus, but they will not accept anything less than र110,000. The expected damages in that situation would be $10,000, the difference between the contract price and the amount the corporation had to pay another supplier for the same product.

  • Accidental Damages

Damages that occur due to the breach are known as consequential damages.

Profits lost as a result of the breach are sometimes included inconsequential damages.

Consider how long it would take to secure a new bus in the bus instance. As a result, the tour firm had to turn away 1,000 passengers who had planned to pay र50 each for a bus tour. In that situation, the corporation is likely to be awarded compensatory damages for the र50,000 in ticket sales lost.

Frequently, the breaching party will try to avoid paying consequential damages by alleging that they are either too speculative or unforeseeable. Furthermore, contracting parties may limit or prohibit either party from obtaining consequential damages. An expert attorney can assist you in overcoming these objections and maximizing your damages award.

  • Specific Achievements

Specific performance is a sort of contract breach remedy in which the court requires the breaching party to fulfill its obligations.

As a remedy for contract violation, monetary damages are usually preferred above specified performance. When monetary damages are insufficient, however, specific performance may be possible. They might, for example, apply for a contract for something distinctive and difficult to duplicate.

In the case of the bus, monetary damages would be adequate to repay the tour business for its loss. Imagine, however, that a famous singer had previously used the new bus. The bus was to be used for tours of the singer’s hometown by the tour firm. Because no other bus would be equivalent to the one it contracted to acquire, the tour company may argue for specific performance rather than monetary damages in that situation.

  • Suspension

Injunctions have the same function as specified performance orders. The difference is that a court orders a party to do something in precise performance. On the other hand, an injunction is a court order prohibiting a party from doing anything.

Temporary injunctions are frequently issued while litigation is proceeding. For instance, a court might order the defendant to stop allegedly competitive action until the lawsuit is settled in a dispute involving a breach of a non-compete contract. As the name implies, a permanent injunction lasts forever. As part of their final judgment in a lawsuit, a judge may issue a permanent injunction.

  • Revocation

Rescinding a contract permits a non-breaching party to cancel it as a remedy for a breach. Instead of pursuing monetary damages, the non-breaching party can refuse to fulfill its obligations. Revocation returns the parties to the position they would have been in if the contract had never been made.

The breach must, however, be significant to justify rescission. That is to say, it must be at the center of the contractual Agreement.

Consider the following scenario: you’ve been hired to cater an event. The other parties must pay half of the contract amount by a specified date, but they never do.

  • Damages in Liquidation

Liquidated damages are a set amount agreed upon by the parties as compensation for violating the contract.

Where calculating the right amount of compensatory damages is problematic, liquidated damages provisions are frequently used in contracts.

Liquidated damages are often used in real estate acquisition agreements and construction contracts. They could be a set amount, such as the earnest money deposit on a purchase deal. They could also rely on a formula, such as a set sum of money for each day that a deadline is missed. Liquidated damages provisions are also likely to be included in partnership agreements.

Although courts usually uphold liquidated damages clauses, they can be overruled if the amount of liquidated damages is significantly less or more than the value of the actual loss the plaintiff has incurred.

  • Inflationary Damages

When the plaintiff cannot prove their claim for compensatory damages, a court may impose nominal damages as a legal remedy for violating the contract. The court recognizes that a contract violation occurred, but no injury can be estimated using minimal damages.

While earning modest damages may seem like a hollow triumph, the plaintiff gains from the favorable verdict. It could be merely a moral win, or it could pave the way for the plaintiff to seek a different legal case. If the contract contains a lawyer fee provision, an award of nominal damages may allow the plaintiff to pursue the defendant for legal costs. You Can Know more about the MSA Information for Business.


NDAs are low-cost, easy-to-create, legally binding agreements that keep confidential information between two or more parties private. Therefore, when drafting an NDA, it’s crucial to be as straightforward as possible so that all parties understand what can and cannot be divulged and the consequences of doing so.

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