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RBI Compounding Application

What Are The Recent Changes In The Compounding Process Under FEMA

Know about the recent changes which are happening in the compounding processes under the FEMA as mentioned here.

The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) Act aimed to promote the orderly development and maintenance of the foreign exchange market in India. The Reserve Bank of India is authorized by Section 15 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999, to compound any violation committed under Section 13 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, except violations committed under Section 3. (a).

The person who broke the rules acknowledges that they did so and makes a request for compounding to rectify their error. This prevents the need for further legal action and streamlines and quickens the process. The offense needs to be remedied within one hundred eighty days of the date that the Reserve Bank of India officers who are authorized in this regard receive the application for it to be fixed.

RBI’s Power to Compounded Results

The following officers will be responsible for rectifying any violations of the provisions of FEMA, 1999, which will be done so under the direction, control, and supervision of the Governor of the RBI. For a violation to be compounded, the amount involved in such a violation must first be quantifiable.

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Transfer of Authority to Regional and Central Offices

Compounding powers have been split between regional and central levels by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to reduce the number of operational issues and improve customer service.

Regional offices in Kochi and Panaji can compound violations for a fine of less than one hundred million rupees. Compounding will be handled by the Regional Office in Mumbai or Thiruvananthapuram, depending on the amount of the infringement in Panaji or Kochi that is greater than or equal to ₹100 Lakh. In addition to the specific violations outlined in the application, any other violations must be reported to the Foreign Exchange Department of the Reserve Bank of India in Mumbai.

Submissions for the Compounding Process

Any person who has violated any of the directions, provisions, regulations, rules, notifications, or orders that have been issued under FEMA, 1999, except those who have violated section 3(a) can apple for the fees of RS 5,000 in the form of a demand draft drawn in favor of the “Reserve Bank of India.” After the applicant has been made aware of the violations, either by the Reserve Bank or the statutory authority, they can apply. It is also possible to offer an application suo moto as soon as the error is discovered.

The application must be submitted in the format that has been prescribed, and it must include all of the necessary contact information, including the name of the applicant or his authorized official or representative of the applicant, as well as their email ID, telephone number, and mobile phone number. In addition to the application, which must be submitted in the format specified, the following documents must also be provided:

> Specifics regarding Foreign Direct Investment, Overseas Direct Investment, External Commercial Borrowings, and Branch Offices/Liaison Offices, as detailed in Annex II

> A duplicate of the company’s memorandum of association

> Additionally, the applicant is responsible for informing the Compounding Authority and the RBI of any such proceedings initiated after the application has been submitted but on or before the date of the issuance of the compounding order.

The compounding application will not be processed and returned to the applicant if it is not submitted in the format prescribed. . After the application has been finished within the allotted amount of time, the date of such submission will be considered the date of receipt, and the application will be processed by this date.

Suppose an applicant fails to pay the sum of compounding orders passed within the specified period. In that case, the case will be given to the Enforcement Director for further investigation, and the findings of that investigation will take appropriate action. Serious violations, such as those involving money laundering, financing terrorism, or anything else threatening the nation’s sovereignty and integrity, are considered serious violations.

Compounding Methods and Procedures

After the RBI has received the application, it will review the documents and submissions that have been made on the same basis as before. Additionally, the Compounding Authority can request additional records or information to support the compounding procedure. Based on the aforementioned, infringement can be measured.

The following are some of the considerations that go into determining whether or not the compounding order should be granted and how much of a fine should be imposed for the violation:

  • The amount of an unfair advantage that was gained, if it is possible to quantify it, resulted from the violation.
  • Amount of loss incurred by any authority, agency, or exchequer as a direct result of the violation of the law.
  • Economic benefits accrue to the applicant as a result of either delayed compliance or avoided compliance.
  • Evidence indicating that the infraction was committed on multiple occasions
  • the actions of the contravener in carrying out the transaction, as well as the disclosures made in the application, and the arguments presented during the personal hearing

Compositional Sequence

Within fifteen days of the order being passed, the contravention fee specified in the order must be paid as a demand draft made to the Reserve Bank of India. This deadline begins on the date the order was passed. Once the order has been given, the violator can no longer try to have the charge withdrawn or request a review of the order that has been passed. Following the successful realization of the sum compounded, the RBI will issue a certificate stating that the applicant has complied with the charges.

Suppose the person who committed the violation cannot pay the compounded amount, in that case, it will be treated as though the violator never made an application for compounding of the breach. The matter will be referred to the Directorate of Enforcement to take appropriate action.


To know further details about the recent changes in the whole Compounding process under the FEMA, you can take insights from experts such as VakilSearch. The professionals at VakilSearch has been in this industry for years and understand the intricate details. 

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