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What Is the Minimum Salary for the Deduction of TDS by the Deductor?

In this article, you will learn about the various occasions when tax amounts are exempted and how to claim a tax refund when an excess sum has been deducted by error from your deserved income amount.

TDS or tax deducted at the source in India means tax collection based on dividends, income, or asset selling by mandating the payer to withdraw the due amount of tax before completing payment to the payee. As per the IT Act of 1961, TDS should be levied at the source following the guidelines of the IT Act 1961. The nature of payment that falls under this category must be paid only after removing the instructed rate of TDS. 

TDS collection is regulated and monitored by the CBDT, also referred to as the Central Board of Direct Taxation. It is a sub-branch of the Revenue Department, which the Indian Revenue Service, in turn, monitors. CBDT holds major authorisation while executing tax audits. An individual taxpayer is also needed to file quarterly statements to CBDT:

TDS – Primary Objectives

  • TDS allows each salaried professional to complete tax payments as soon as they earn monthly revenue. This is helpful in the long term as the employees do not feel burdened by heavy tax amounts; TDS is deducted in an easy instalment scheme. 
  • Enforcement of TDS has facilitated tax collection right at the moment of paying different assesses like professionals, contractual workers, etc.
  • The Indian Government needs a constant flow of funds in its treasury all year round. Therefore, TDS and advanced taxation methods assist the various governmental departments in operating smoothly depending on a stable supply of funds.

How Is TDS or Income Tax Deducted?

Both incoming salary and expenses, including monthly wages, bank interests, lotteries, commission payments, rent payments, payments delivered to freelancers, etc., fall within the bracket of TDS. When you make a payment under these sections, the paying organisation or individual retains a portion of the whole transaction. 

This organisation or source is liable to complete the tax payment after deducting the amount from your earned income. They are called deductees. Another associated individual or trust is also involved in this whole TDS collecting procedure; he deducts the tax amount from the deductee and hence is known as the deductor. 

In a nutshell, an employee or deductor makes a salary payment to the staff, also referred to as the deductee.

What are the Duties of a TDS Deductor?

An individual who is entrusted with the responsibility of deducting TDS must make sure that the following things fall in their respective places:

  • Collect the TDS applicable account number to include its details in the official papers concerning the TDS payment.
  • Levy the income tax amount at the prescribed rate.
  • Credit the collected tax money in the account of the IT Department within the given deadline.
  • File the ‘Tax Deduction at Source’ returns within the given deadline.
  • Issue the TDS certification to the deductee within the specified period.

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) – Benefits

The sum of money withdrawn as the TDS eventually depends on the revenue figure you manage to earn. TDS charges are applicable once an individual starts accumulating wealth. The Indian Government and the national taxpayers enjoy perks associated with the TDS payment. When the payments take place via cash, credit card or cheque, a prescribed value of TDS is levied; this gets credited to the accounts of the central bureaus.

The benefits of exercising Tax Deduction at the Source or TDS are mentioned hereafter:

  • This centralised mechanism restricts offenders from evading taxation.
  • TDS collection ensures that the government treasury keeps receiving a steady cash flow. If this is stopped, all the development projects across the country will be miserably affected.
  • The tax collection ground is broadened much more than before. 
  • This process is a sign of relief for all the citizens in general, specifically for all who are dependent on monthly salaries. After TDS has come into force, they can make tax payments in easy instalments. Thus the question of getting burdened under heavy lumpsum amounts is now a past occurrence. The prescribed amount is duly deducted each month from an individual’s deserving salary or wage.

When TDS Amount Is Not Deducted?

When an individual completes a transaction with the Indian Government or the RBI (Reserve Bank of India), zero TDS charges are levied. There is no rule stating TDS collection when any payment is furnished to or received by a party from the below-mentioned sources:

  • UTI, LIC and similar insurance agencies or cooperative societies
  • Banking organisations
  • State or Centralised Financial Corporations
  • Refunds made by the Income Tax Department
  • Interest earn in Indira Vikas Party, KVP, or NSC
  • Interests earned from savings accounts in banks and cooperative societies also interest rates gained from recurring deposits
  • All institutions are mentioned under the no-TDS status.
  • Interest procured in NRE account.

Besides these, we come across other organisations where income tax is charged, for instance, interest on reimbursement from MVCT or Motor Vehicles Claim Tribunal. All Indians are advised to verify whether their earnings are eligible to fall under the TDS bracket or not. This data varies from person to person based on their annual turnover and the type of institution they represent.

Refund on Additional TDS Deductions

The taxpayer can ask for a refund when an excess sum has been withdrawn as income tax from an individual. The amount calculated as the difference between the prescribed amount to be deducted and the excess tax money withdrawn is claimed as a refund. The authorities are responsible for furnishing this TDS refund to the eligible person after he has provided sufficient evidence for the same.


TDS or income tax describes the taxation levied on someone’s earned monthly revenue. The authorised personnel or deductor is responsible for completing the TDS payments to the IT Department on behalf of the taxpayer. TDS ensures that the Central Government keeps on gaining a stable source of income; at the same time, this mechanism reduces the pressure of tax filing for all the deductees. 

The income tax charges are applicable once your earnings cross a certain limit. When you win money from lotteries, horse races and other sorts of lotto games, then a maximum TDS rate of 30% is levied on your income. A TDS certificate is issued against your name once the bank approves your tax payment completion status. TDS charges are not applicable when you pay money to government institutions like RBI. Refund requests are accepted by the IT department when one files IRT with sufficient proof.

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