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RBI Compounding Application

Is It Mandatory to File the RBI Compounding Application?

Is it mandatory to file the RBI compounding application? well according to FEMA they should, Learn more about it now!

RBI Compounding under Section 13 of the FEMA Act declares that if a person contravenes any requirements referred in the Act or any regulation, announcement, restriction, order, or advice published while practicing the powers of the Act, or contravenes any situation subject to permissions allocated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), he shall be imposed a liability up to thrice the amount associated to such a contravention. 

This amount can take up to ₹2 lakhs, wherever the said number is quantifiable. Whenever the percentage is not quantifiable or the same is consecutive, the liability may be up to ₹5000 per day, after the first day of the finding of such contravention.

In the context of law, compounding means a cordial or agreeable payment that may be due to averting a case for a past offense. However, compounding is not heeded as an innate right. It is only provided or delegated by the concerned Acts of law under which the said offense has been dedicated.

It is mandatory to file the RBI compounding application for any violation of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) regulations.

Simplify your path to RBI Compounding approval with Vakilsearch. Click for a streamlined application process, expert guidance, and a stress-free journey through compliance.

What Is Meant By the Compounding of Contravention? 

The breach of the requirements is known as the contravention of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999, and rules, regulations, notifications, laws, directions, circulars published thereunder. 

Compounding refers to the procedure of freely conceding the contravention, imploring immoral, and striving for redressal. The RBI is authorized to compound any contravention as interpreted under Section 13 of FEMA, 1999 except the contravention under Section 3(a)1, for a prescribed sum after giving an alternative of personal hearing to the contravener.

It is a spontaneous method in which someone or a corporation investigates the compounding of an acknowledged contravention. It gives relief to any person who contravenes any requirements of FEMA, 1999 by minimizing agreement costs. Intentional, Malahide, and deceitful agreements are, however, treated as crimes that will not be compounded by the RBI. 

Further, in terms of the province to rule 8 (2) of Foreign Exchange (Compounding Proceedings) Rules, 2000, video announcement dated 20 February 2017, if the Directorate of Enforcement (DoE) is of the perspective that the compounding continuing pertains to a severe contravention like money laundering, financing terrorist groups or involving sovereignty and innocence of the nation, such cases will not be compounded by the RBI. Also, the cases catching the different provisions under Section 37(A) of the FEMA, 1999 – relating to bargains held outside India in contravention of Section 4, shall not be capable of compounding by the RBI.

Is It Mandatory to File the RBI Compounding Application?

Yes it is mandatory to file the RBI compounding application. The prescribed application format along with essential statements and a demand draft for ₹ 5000 drawn on behalf of the RBI should be brought to the RBI while delivering the petition for compounding.

If anyone who contravenes any requirement of the FEMA, 1999 [except Section 3(a)] or contravenes any rule, regulation, notification, direction, or order issued in the practice of the abilities under this Act or contravenes any situation content to which permission is published by the RBI, can pertain for compounding to the RBI. Petitions investigating the compounding of contraventions under Section 3(a) of FEMA, 1999 may be accepted by the DOE.

Process of Compounding

When someone is made familiar with the contravention of the requirements of FEMA, 1999 by the RBI or any other statutory administration or the auditors or by any other averages, she/he may pertain for compounding. One can also make a petition for compounding, suo mo-to, on evolving awareness of contravention.

The documents/formats documented in the FED Master Direction No. 18/2015-16 titled ‘Master Direction – reporting under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999’ dated January 01, 2016 (Updated as of September 18, 2019) can be utilised for compounding. It can be procured by clicking on the link given below and the statements as acceptable therein should be accepted along with the petition.

Along with the petition in the prescribed configuration, the applicant may also provide the facts as per the Annexes- about Foreign Direct Investment, External Commercial Borrowings, Overseas Direct Investment, and Branch Office / Liaison Office, as acceptable, (annexes available in the FED Master Direction No. 18/2015-16 as remembered in answer to Q. 4 above) along with an effort that they are not under investigation of any agent such as DoE, CBI, etc., duly filled ECS mandate form, a canceled cheque copy, a copy of the Memorandum of Association and recent audited balance sheet while pertaining for compounding of contraventions under FEMA, 1999. Applications fulfilled to the Reserve Bank must include connection features, the name of the applicant / authorised administrator or representative of the applicant, telephone/ mobile number, and email ID.

Before pertaining, the applicant desires to refer to paragraphs 3 and 4 of ‘Master Direction- Compounding of Contraventions under FEMA, 1999’ dated January 01, 2016 (updated as of January 4, 2021). The above Master Direction can be downloaded from the Reserve Bank’s website by relating to the link

How Vakilsearch Can Help in Applying for Compounding in RBI 

Compounding the mistakes will avoid any form of unwanted lawsuits in the future. In case of any contraventions, reach out to our experts at Vakilsearch. We will help you in raising a proposal for RBI compounding in just three steps. Initially, our experts will collect the memorandum and the files of any previous compounding. All the required data will be collected from your end and a compounding application will be filed along with the required documents at the RBI office. Apart from this, we will help you to get the order most economically within a very short period. Reach out to our experts for any queries. 

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