What Is ITR Filing in India?

An income tax is a small percentage that the government takes from our income. How to get money back if you paid extra tax? Know everything about ITR filing in India? 

In simple words, an income tax return is a small percentage that the government takes from our income. We are liable to pay this money out of our income as a law of the nation we live in. This money which is deducted from our income is called tax. We pay income tax only if we are liable to do so.

The Government of India drafted India’s Income Tax regulations. A tax on taxable income is levied on all individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), businesses (including LLPs), professionals, a municipal government, and any other workers falling under the government regulation. Their pay scale status under these rules determines a person’s tax status.

Every person who meets the criteria to be considered an Indian resident is expected to pay tax on their worldwide income. Taxpayers must adhere to guidelines when preparing and submitting their tax returns each year (ITRs).

How Will I Get My Money Back if I Pay Excess Tax?

Before requesting a refund of overpaid taxes, keep in mind that you have a deadline to meet. You must file your tax return for the relevant assessment year within the specified timeframe to be eligible for a refund. The financial year (FY) after a previous financial year is the assessment year.

What Is An Income Tax Return?

Taxpayers in India must submit an ITR to the Income Tax Office. The liability of a taxpayer is determined by the amount of money they make. Income tax refunds are available if the individual’s return demonstrates that they have paid too much tax in a given year.

Calculate your taxable income and file your Individual Tax Return (ITR) with Vakilsearch’s Income Tax Calculator India

What Is ITR Filing?

The Income Tax Department of India uses the Income Tax Return form to receive information from individuals about their earnings and the taxes they owe for the previous year. A taxpayer’s statement in an ITR should be relevant to the fiscal year from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Earnings can come from various sources, including salaries, commercial profits, the sale of real estate or other assets, dividends or capital gains, and interest. The Income-tax department would reimburse you if you paid too much tax in a given year.

Is It Mandatory to Submit ITR Filing?

If you earn more than the amount free from taxation by the Government, you must file a tax return according to the tax brackets for each year. You may be penalized for Income Tax Return Filing beyond the required date, which could affect your chances of acquiring a loan or visa.

Is It Required to Submit an Income Tax Return?

You must file your income tax returns if your income exceeds the basic exemption limit set by the Indian tax authorities. Taxpayers have no say in how much tax they pay because the rate is set in stone. In addition to the late filing fines, a delay in submitting your tax returns might harm your ability to secure a loan or a visa for travel.

In what Circumstances Should a Taxpayer do ITR Filing?

Individuals and businesses must pay income tax only if they fall into specified income brackets defined by the Tax Act.

The following organizations and businesses must file their Income Tax Return Filing on a mandatory basis in India.

  • Individuals who make more than ₹ 2.5 lakh in a financial year are included regardless of their age. The maximum rises to ₹ 3 lakhs for people in their 60s to 79s, and ₹5 lakhs for people in their 80s and older. Sections 80C to 80U and 80TTA deduction , Section 80TTB additional exemptions under section 10 should be subtracted from the gross income before determining the final taxable amount
  • No matter how much earning a company makes or loses during the year, it still generates income
  • Those who want to get a refund on the taxes they’ve paid more than what they’re entitled to pay
  • Affluent individuals who have assets or financial interests outside of India
  • Transactions made in India by foreign entities that are eligible for treaty benefits
  • NRIs with a yearly income in India of more than ₹2.5 lakh.

Who Has to Submit an ITR?

With this background knowledge, let’s look at who is required by law to submit an Income Tax Return Filing each year, both as an individual and as an organization.

Individuals younger than 59 with an annual income more significant than ₹ 2.5 lakhs are eligible to apply. Senior persons aged 60 to 79 are exempt from paying income tax on amounts up to ₹ 3 lakhs, while those aged 80 and more are exempt from paying income tax on payments up to ₹ 5 lakhs. Section 10 of the Internal Revenue Code mandates that deductions should not reduce income.

  • Although it may have lost money over the period, it must still be registered as a business and have a year-to-year income
  • A taxpayer seeking a refund of excess income tax or tax deducted from one’s yearly earnings
  • An individual who has a financial interest outside of the country
  • Treaty-benefitting Indian corporation that conducts business in the country
  • NRIs who make more than ₹ 2.5 lakh per year are included in this category.

Checking Your ITR Status Online: How Do You Do It?

You may easily track the progress of your IT Return on the e-filing website of the Government of India after you’ve submitted it. A few simple ways to verify your ITR status can be found on the website, depending on whether or not you have an account.

When you don’t have a login, You can access the ITR by clicking on the ITR status link: on the left-hand side of the website. Your PAN number, ITR acknowledgement number, and captcha code will be entered on the next page. Once you’ve entered your information, you’ll see if you need to file a tax return.

Access the website through your username and password. After that, select ‘see returns or forms’ from the dropdown menu. Select the tax year and the corresponding tax return from the dropdown menu. After that, you’ll be able to see if your Income Tax Return has been processed or verified.

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