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How to Start Pathology Lab in India

One of the sectors in India with the fastest growth is the healthcare industry. India now has a lot of cutting-edge hospitals and top-notch diagnostic facilities because of the country's growing population and citizens' increased attention to their health.

Furthermore, because the majority of treatment choices are based on pathology findings, the supply for diagnostic facilities or pathology labs within the nation has increased. As a result, opening your own pathology lab can be a successful business venture even if you’re a medical professional. 

Nevertheless, setting up a pathology lab is not a simple task. Before you proceed with opening one’s own pathology lab in India, you’ll need to put in a lot of work and research. Let’s quickly review some of the crucial actions you must take to launch your own pathology lab:

What are the Steps Needed to Set up a Pathology Lab? 

Let’s quickly review some of the crucial actions you must take to launch your own pathology lab:


The first thing to think about is choosing a suitable and accessible location. Make a list of a few potential locations after taking a city tour. Take information about the area from the web, the neighbourhood, and other sources. Accessibility from various places, transportation options, nearby hospitals, types of local residents, etc. 

There should be enough room for storing equipment, accommodating patient seating arrangements, and accommodating future infrastructure changes. You must take into account a place with ventilation and less activity. 

To prevent samples from being contaminated and patients from contracting an infection, the environment should be well-kept. A lab should always be located on the ground floor for the benefit of the elderly, expectant women, disabled people, etc.

Your business’s prospects are significantly impacted by location. Patients might choose another path lab more than yours if you don’t have any of the aforementioned issues. Because of the fierce competition in the industry, you must be distinctive and comprehensive to succeed.

Required Resources for a Pathology Lab: Infrastructure and Medical Equipment 

You must make absolutely sure one’s pathology lab includes all of the necessary amenities, including a reception desk, spotless restrooms, lift services, wheelchairs, etc. Additionally, you must guarantee that your pathology lab is equipped with all necessary tools, such as devices for drawing blood, X-ray, CT, and USG machines, heart monitors, and other devices. To ensure that the quality of the services provided by your pathology lab is excellent, you must also take care of peripherals like microscopes, blood cell counters, centrifuges, regent and chemicals, dispensing scales, deep fridges, etc.


To efficiently run your pathology lab, you will need to hire knowledgeable, experienced employees. Make sure you always have a recruitment strategy on hand so you can hire the best candidates. You’ll also need to hire management executives, pathologists, nurses, and doctors. To guarantee the effectiveness of your pathology lab, you will also need to hire administrative staff, HR, accountants, and housekeeping personnel.

Authorization and Registration 

Several licences are necessary in order to establish your own pathology lab. These licences must comply with different laws depending on the type of business. Before beginning your pathology lab, you must, however, take legal action and submit licence applications. Before beginning its construction and certification, you should also enrol your pathology lab with the appropriate government agencies. Here are a few of the licences that are necessary to set up a pathology lab: 

  • a statement of accreditation from the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) 
  • Good Clinical Practices accreditation (GCP) 
  • signing up under the Shops and Establishments Act 
  • enrollment under the Clinical Establishment Act 
  • joining a biomedical waste disposal organisation 
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the fire department and state pollution board approval for waste generation


Your investments will vary in accordance with different factors like location, quality of machines, facilities and services. Whether you rent premises or choose to buy the premises, you will have to plan for your finances well in advance. Once you have a perfect blueprint, you can decide whether you would like to avail of a loan as well. Some of your long-term investments would be to invest in modern machinery to be on par with your counterparts and be able to provide efficient services. This will help increase your goodwill and the speedy development of your business.

Importance Of Making The Right Investment

The company should have a strong financial foundation. It facilitates the acquisition of up-to-date equipment that improves test outcomes and patient satisfaction. With word-of-mouth advertising, one happy patient refers ten more. In light of this, think of this original investment as the foundation for a successful business in the future.

Building A Brand And Promoting A Business

In a pathology lab setting, some successful marketing techniques include: 

  • Offering specialist medical packages could be the first form of promotional activity. 
  • Discounts are offered on significant occasions like Women’s Day, Children’s Day, and Family Day. 
  • Annual family packages offered at discounted rates would guarantee a steady and certain flow of income. 
  • neighbourhood newspapers that are delivered with promotional flyers 
  • a reliable website and an easy-to-use app

Personal Requirements for Opening a Pathology Lab 

  • You should hold a pathology degree that has been approved by the Indian Medical Council (MCI) 
  • A “licence to practise” as from Medical Council of India is required (MCI)

What Sorts Of Pathology Tests Are Conducted In Indian Labs ?

Let’s discuss a few examples of the various diagnostic procedures that are performed in laboratories: 

The services offered also include basic composite test, that can be finished anyplace using a mobile labs, the medium-level test, that can also be finished anything with the furthermore of a basic test lab, and the developed test, which is finished in addition to the medium-level laboratory facility at a properly set up lab centre.

  • Biochemistry: The tests that are carried out at the fundamental level, such as Liver functioning tests, Cerebro-spinal lipid profile tests, blood sugar, Lipase and Amylase tests, renal functioning tests, Cerebro-spinal fluid tests, and other biological tests like Chemical phosphate tests, biochemistry rapid tests, Chemical phosphate tests, Electrolyte tests, Tumour, Plasma, and Electrophoresis tests, etc. But at the advanced level, tests for toxicology, genetics, and coagulation as well as drug monitoring are done.
  • Histopathology: Hemograms, clotting times, prothrombin times, blood groupings, Activated Partial Thromboplastin times, etc. are among the tests that are carried out in this field.
  • Molecular genetics: Advanced level tests are conducted in relation to Molecular genetics.
  • Cytopathology: The tests used in cytopathology include Pap smears, CSF cytopathology, sputum, fine needle aspiration cytology, and others. On the other hand, at the advanced level of it, immunocytochemistry, CT guided FNAC, ultrasound, as well as other biological fluid cytology are carried out.
  • Immunohistopathology: The tests it entails are carried out at a high level using immunohistochemistry.
  • Medical Microbiology & Immunology: The basic tests that are included in medical microbiology are those for point infections, rapid tests, routine urinal examinations, microscopy, Vibrio Cholerae tests, HIV positive tests, Stool ova tests, and Vibrio Cholerae tests. Medical Microbiology and Immunology tests at the advanced level include parasite, bacterial, and fungi tests, tissue identification tests, infection disease tests, RTPCR tests, and serological tests.

Why a Pathology Laboratory Is Beneficial

Accurate Disease Detection 

  • assist in determining the patient’s current or likely future illness 
  • assists patients in undergoing various medical examinations as directed by their physician

Precise Outcomes 

Pathology labs are established by people with medical training. They guarantee you accurate readings, assisting physicians in prescribing the required medication. 

Health Reports Are Available Right Away

Almost everyone now has a presence online thanks to the digital age. Nearly all pathology labs can provide online reports towards the patients they are serving. Patients who are finding it difficult to physically attend the laboratory or who are pressed for time will benefit greatly from this.

Customised Examinations Performed In Your Home

Numerous pathology labs offer the option of performing various tests in the convenience of your home. They send their skilled technicians to carry out the tests at the time you specify, collect the required samples, and give you precise results.


You can learn how to start a pathology lab in India from the information provided in this article. People must now undergo numerous health examinations to comprehend their cumulative health condition due to the rise in various ailments. The need for these pathology laboratories has increased as a result of this. These have developed into a necessity and a blessing in the assessment of numerous human illnesses that have an impact on our daily lives. If you need any signified services regarding pathology lab in India  and other related queries, Vakilsearch can help you. Get in touch with us today!

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