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Child Maintenance Alimony in India & How it Works?

A brief description of India's spousal and child support. Some rules and conditions must be followed in the case of child support alimony in India.

When a married couple decides to divorce for any reason, you have a higher chance of paying spousal support or “Alimony” to your spouse. This can be a possibility that you do not have to give spousal support, but it is a rare case. For this, several conditions need to be fulfilled. 

And if you both have children, you may have to give child support, too, if the custody goes into the hands of the mother of the children. It is also essential for you to know about child support alimony in India. The laws and rules may change in various conditions, but the basic rules are always the same. Let’s lean on child maintenance alimony in this blog.

What is Spousal Support?

Spousal support is also termed alimony. According to Indian laws, spousal support is financial support given to the spouse to sustain their lifestyle after divorce. Spousal support is provided monthly, but if the spouse wants, they can take it in a lump sum. 

The court can declare the particular time duration for which the spousal support is given. The spousal support can be stopped if the spouse gets remarried. The spousal support is provided so the spouse can get help in maintaining the lifestyle they were used to before divorce. But the spouse, who wants the feed of the pensioner, does not get it automatically.

What is Child Maintenance Alimony Law in India?

Under the Indian family and public policy laws, the parents must provide child support for the child’s sustenance. For the financial support and benefit of the child, the non-custodial parent has to pay child support. This happens when the couple separates, whether from wedlock or relationship. 

Child support is paid by the obligator of the guardian of the child every year continuously. And the guardian has to use this feed for the care and maintenance of the child. The obligator can also be a relative and not a guardian. 

Who is Eligible for Child Support?

In India, child support is a legal obligation that requires the non-custodial parent to financially contribute to the upbringing of their child. The amount of child support is determined based on various factors such as the income of both parents, the number of children, and the child’s needs. 

The court decides on child support based on divorce rules and the expenses of the child. Factors like the parents’ lifestyle, education of the child, health insurance, EMIs on the parent, and other liabilities and assets of parents are considered for calculating child support. 

Moreover, child support is not limited to financial support only, and the non-custodial parent also has a responsibility to provide emotional support to their child. Child support is completely free from tax, and it is not tax-deductible or taxable income. 

Taxability of Alimony

The Income Tax Act of 1961, does not have a specific provision governing the taxability of Child Maintenance Alimony. The tax treatment depends on the nature of the alimony payment.

  1. Lump Sum Payment of Alimony:

  • If child maintenance alimony is paid as a lump sum amount, it is treated as a capital receipt.
  • The provisions of the Income Tax Act do not apply to capital receipts.

Therefore, lump sum alimony payments are not considered as income and are not taxable.

  1. Recurring Payments of Alimony:

  • In the case of periodic or recurring alimony payments, the child maintenance alimony is treated as a revenue receipt.
  • Revenue receipts are considered as income and are taxable in the hands of the recipient.

It’s important to note that the person making the alimony payments is not eligible to claim any deductions against these payments.

Important Considerations:

  • The taxability of alimony is contingent on the form of payment whether it is a lump sum or recurring.
  • Lump sum alimony is treated as a capital receipt and is not taxable.
  • Recurring alimony payments are considered as income and are subject to taxation for the recipient.
  • The paying party cannot avail of any deductions related to alimony payments.

It’s advisable for individuals involved in alimony arrangements to seek professional tax advice, as individual circumstances may vary, and tax laws are subject to change. Understanding tax implications is crucial for both the payer and the recipient of alimony.

How the Child Support and Spousal Support calculated?

There are various factors which are needed to be watched over when calculating child support and spousal support. These factors must be looked at carefully by the judge before giving a final judgment. It is Important to Understand Child Maintenance Alimony for the Child Support.

Spousal Support Calculation

Under section 25 of the Hindu marriage act, alimony is given to the spouse after getting divorced. So if the wife is a working woman and earns her livelihood, then the difference would be checked between the earnings of the husband and wife.

If the difference is considerable, the wife will get alimony after divorce. In some cases, even husbands can get alimony if the husband is unable to earn or disabled and the wife is earning. If the wife is unemployed, her age, educational qualifications, and earning capability are considered to calculate the child maintenance alimony.

Factors affecting the spousal support calculations

Following are some factors considered in the court’s laws and rules. 

  • Incomes of the husband and wife, and other assets like property, stocks, etc.
  • Court also considers the conduct of the husband as well as the wife.
  • EMIs, loan repayments, income tax, etc., are mandatorily deducted from the spouse’s income to calculate the spouse’s net income.
  • Liabilities on spouses like dependent parents are also considered in the process.
  • Lifestyle and social status are also taken into consideration.
  • Age and health conditions of both spouses.
  • The duration of marriage of both people also affects the alimony.
  • If they have children, then the expenses of children are also added to alimony.

Whether child support also comes into the picture if they have children. But, if they do not have a child, there are some general conditions benchmarks. According to the orders of the Supreme Court of India, 25% of the net income of the husband has to be granted to the wife as a benchmark. But it is not fixed. The amount of alimony has a range of 1/3rd to 1/5th part of the husband’s salary, in general cases. 

Child Maintenance Alimony Calculation

Child Maintenance Alimony is the financial support for the infants, which both the parents have to contribute. If the child’s parents are not married, i.e., they are in wedlock.

Then the custody of the child gets in favor of the mother automatically. And the father has the right to visit the child. Here, both parents have to contribute to the child’s support. If one does not earn enough, they can re-evaluate their contribution ratio.

But if the parents are married, custody is given to one of the parents after divorce. Generally, custody goes to the mother. But in some cases, it can also be handover to the father. The court decides on Child Maintenance Alimony based on Divorce Rules in India and the expenses of the child. Factors like the parents’ lifestyle, education of the child, health insurance, EMIs on the parent, and other liabilities and assets of parents are seen for calculating the Child support. 

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Rules for Child Maintenance Alimony

Child Maintenance Alimony is completely free from tax. So, the child support is not tax-deductible, then there is no effective requirement for reporting. But the parent should declare the child as a tax dependent.

Tax dependant refers to someone dependent on someone else for financial purposes. Generally, for tax purposes, the child depends on their custodial parent. If just the agreement of divorce or separation states that the child can be treated like a tax dependent, then there is no necessity to do some other process. But, if it’s not, the parent may claim the child as a dependant as per laws. You need a Professional Divorce Consultant Online to advice you on the case.

Rules for Spousal Support

There are some rules for spousal support. To get spousal support, they must fulfill the rules mentioned below.

  • You can’t file an average tax return.
  • The payment system must be in cash, check, or money order.
  • Payments should be made under a separation agreement.
  • Price is not marked as non-alimentary under the divorce or separation agreement.
  • When payments have been made, partners will live in a separate place.
  • There is no provision for compensation to continue if any partner dies.
  • Amounts are not considered child care or land compensation.

Implications of Not Paying Child Support and Spousal Support

The court had decided the child and spousal support amounts and the payment schedule. The obligators have to pay these fees, and if they refuse to pay them, the following actions can be taken against that person. 

  • Their properties can be seized.
  • Their business license can be canceled.
  • Their driver’s license can be suspended. 
  • Their tax refund can be stopped.
  • Salary garnishment.
  • They can also be sentenced to jail.

If someone cannot pay the compensation of child support or spousal support, they must inform the court as soon as possible. So they do not have to get into any problems.


This is all about Child Maintenance Alimony. You can check the Vakilsearch website and blogs to learn more about such topics. It is essential to understand the local laws and regulations. If there is any change in the financial conditions after the case settlement, the person should consult with an attorney to avoid any other problems. 

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