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Business Compliance

What Are the 3 P’s of Compliance?

Discover how Policy, Procedures, and Practices form the bedrock of compliance. Learn with vakilsearch's guidance for effective compliance strategies.


In the world of compliance management, the foundation lies in understanding and implementing the 3 P’s – Policy, Procedures, and Practices. These elements serve as cornerstones, enabling businesses to navigate the complex terrain of compliance with ease and efficiency. This article will delve into each ‘P,’ defining them, discussing their significance within a compliance framework, and offering insights on effective implementation for businesses.

Compliance within an organisation refers to conforming to the rules, regulations, and standards set by relevant authorities. It’s essential to ensure that a company operates ethically, legally, and responsibly in its interactions with customers, employees, stakeholders, and the environment. Achieving compliance requires a structured approach, and this is where the 3 P’s come into play.


A policy is a formal statement that articulates an organisation’s stance on a particular matter. It outlines the rules, guidelines, and principles to guide decision-making and behaviour within the organisation.

Importance in a Compliance Framework

Policies provide the essential foundation for a compliance program. They set the overall tone and direction for compliance efforts within the organisation. A well-crafted policy ensures that everyone within the organisation understands the expected behaviour, rules, and regulatory requirements.

Effective Implementation

Clear and Comprehensive Policies: Policies need to be clear, concise, and easy to understand. They should cover all relevant areas of compliance within the organisation, leaving no room for ambiguity.

Communication and Training: Regular communication of policies to all employees and stakeholders is crucial. Training programs should be conducted to ensure everyone comprehends and follows the policies effectively.

Regular Review and Updates: Policies should be periodically reviewed and updated to align with changes in laws, regulations, or the organisation’s structure and objectives.


Procedures are detailed step-by-step instructions or guidelines that employees must follow to accomplish a particular task or adhere to a policy.

Importance in a Compliance Framework

Procedures operationalise policies. They provide the specific actions and processes that need to be followed to ensure company compliance with the established policies.

Effective Implementation

Documented Procedures: All procedures should be documented, easily accessible, and understandable. They should be organised in a way that is user-friendly for employees.

Regular Training and Reinforcement: Employees should be trained on the procedures relevant to their roles. Regular reminders and reinforcement can help in adherence.

Feedback Loop: Establish a mechanism for employees to provide feedback on procedures. This can help in refining procedures for better efficiency and compliance.


Practices refer to the actual actions, behaviours, and operations that occur within an organisation on a day-to-day basis. They reflect how employees implement policies and procedures in their work.

Importance in a Compliance Framework

Practices are the embodiment of compliance. They reflect the actual commitment of the organisation and its employees to adhere to the policies and procedures in place.

Effective Implementation

Lead by Example: The management and leadership should demonstrate compliance in their actions, setting the right example for the entire organisation.

Monitoring and Auditing: Regular monitoring of practices is essential. Conduct internal and external audits to ensure practices align with policies and procedures.

Incentivise Compliance: Recognise and reward employees who consistently adhere to compliance policies and practices.


The 3 P’s of compliance—Policy, Procedures, and Practices—are interconnected and vital for an effective compliance framework within any organisation. Policies set the groundwork, procedures provide the roadmap, and practices bring the compliance culture to life.

In achieving a comprehensive compliance strategy, organisations can seek assistance from experts like Vakilsearch. Vakilsearch, with its legal expertise and experience, can guide businesses in the development and refinement of policies and procedures that align with the regulatory landscape specific to the industry.

Businesses must invest time and resources into developing robust policies and procedures and ensure their effective implementation through daily practices. By doing so, they can foster a culture of compliance, ensuring not only legal adherence but also ethical conduct and long-term sustainability. Collaborating with Vakilsearch can significantly enhance this process, offering specialised insights and legal compliance expertise to bolster the organisation’s compliance initiatives.

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