Public interest litigations (PILs) That Changed the Face of India

Last Updated at: May 16, 2020
2732
PIL seeks prescription on CAA-related protests till Supreme Court ruling The populace involvement litigation also sought a direction to all or any high royal court to not take up any CAA-related affair, together with the framing of road map for disallowing any religious or other congregations on the items.

 

Public Interest Litigation is an important asset of the modern Indian Legal system. It was one of the recent development in the age-old judiciary. The PIL system a very serious upgrade to the system which recognized the efforts of a public-spirited person and tried to protect the interest of the public through the intervention of the court in the administrative functions of the country and various other aspects of the country. The PIL from its initiation in the late 1970s has seen a lot of sensational cases. Cases from high political interests to cases of the environment and human right issues.

The name Public Interest Litigation actually was given in the case of S.P.Gupta v. UOI. PIL have a lot of importance in changing the way India worked. Thus, this blog in its entirety will brief some major landmark PILs filed and also will be stating the impact that it created.

Hussainara Khatoon v. Home Secretary, State of Bihar

This case was stated to be a landmark case in India in the 1980s where this case brought into light the plight of the undertrial accused. This was a series of the case filed by multiple prisoners and have briefly spoken about the undertrial prisoners being in the prison for a period which is more than what they will get if they have got convicted also.

This case helped to create a precedent over the speedy trial and equitable justice for the undertrial prisoners. This one has the special place in the list.

Vishaka vs the State of Rajasthan

This case was initiated by an advocate through Public interest litigation (PIL). This case is the sad story of Bhanwari who was a victim of rape, which occurred to her after she fought against child marriage. Her whole family was boycotted from the village. The criminal case against the accused did not help her to meet the ends of justice. One of the lawyers who were present at the criminal trial of this case filed a PIL in order to help the victim.

This case was the initiating or ignition point for the tremendous implementation of Harassment laws in the workplace. This judgement is a landmark case as it stated the rigid guidelines for a healthy workplace environment for women.

Javed vs the State of Haryana

In this case, the case was filed by the aggrieved party who were unable to contest in the election because of a statute which made any person who has more than 2 children cannot contest in certain posts of the panchayat. This so-called two-child norm was made to give attention to the family planning scheme.

This court spoke about the overlapping provisions of the human right and the problem of population.

Get Legal Guidance

M.C. Mehta vs UOI:

This case was against those who were polluting the Ganga river. The case was filed by the notable environmental attorney M.C.Mehta where he fought against numerous industries and cities which mixed the Ganges with effluents and toxic waste. This case made the court to pass numerous orders against the industries to set up a sewage treatment plant. The cities and towns were also made to follow strict guidelines. Many numbers of industries were made to relocate. Thus, this case is considered to be one of the important cases in the history of PILs.

Parmanand Katara vs UOI

This case makes it to the list of landmark cases because of the number of lives that have been saved after the PIL was made. The case dealt with hospitals which were reluctant to attend accident and legal cases. The spark was created in the mind of Parmanand after he came to know about the story of a scooterist who met with an accident and was unable to get treatment in the nearby hospitals.

This case made sure that the ultimate goal of the hospital should be saving a life, and not escaping from troubles. The court gave complete freedom on hospitals to attend an emergency case that comes to them without worrying about legal troubles.

S.P.Gupta vs UOI:

In this case, it was held that a lawyer too has a locus standi to file a writ for the Public Interest Litigation. The case was a landmark case in the sense that the constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India, has told that the very interpretation of locus standi have been changed and thus the locus standi over the filing of PIL by lawyers should be accepted. This opened up a plethora of PIL petitions by the advocates.

It is an irresistible fact that the PILs form the basic structural tool for public participation in the varied issues involving the administration or environment and human rights. It is true that there is quite a number of criticism that is kept on the PIL and its ways to mend the judiciary for private interest in the name of public interest. The actual issue is when we look at the number of PILs that has been filed, it is a mere number that has some frivolous intentions.

Frequently Asked Questions

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ESI is compulsory to all the employees earning Rs.21,000 below. ESI provides tremendous advantages and enhances the employee morale and retention. More info on ESI registration

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Starting up a restaurant is an overwhelming process. You need to navigate the legal process and requirement before opening the restaurant. Licenses which are required to run the restaurant are: FSSAI license, Shop and Establishment license,Liquor license, Fire safety license, Health/Trade license, Music license, Eating house license, Lift license, etc. More information on FSSAI


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ISO aims to provide a workable and practical Quality Management System for monitoring and enhancing all the areas of the business. The management processes provide increses productivity , sound foundation and profit. More on ISO Certification


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When the amount you pay as tax in a fiscal year is lower than the amount deducted as TDS, you can claim a TDS refund. Details on TDS Return Filing


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Intellectual property refers to intellectual creation such as designs, symbols, names, images, artistic work, etc. Copyright is one of the form of the intellectual property. Details on Trademark Registration

What is the criteria for MSME?

As per the MSMED (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Development) Act implemented in 2006, MSMEs are classified into two classes such as Manufacturing Enterprises and Service Enterprises. Learn more about SSI/ MSME Registration

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Public interest litigations (PILs) That Changed the Face of India

2732
PIL seeks prescription on CAA-related protests till Supreme Court ruling The populace involvement litigation also sought a direction to all or any high royal court to not take up any CAA-related affair, together with the framing of road map for disallowing any religious or other congregations on the items.

 

Public Interest Litigation is an important asset of the modern Indian Legal system. It was one of the recent development in the age-old judiciary. The PIL system a very serious upgrade to the system which recognized the efforts of a public-spirited person and tried to protect the interest of the public through the intervention of the court in the administrative functions of the country and various other aspects of the country. The PIL from its initiation in the late 1970s has seen a lot of sensational cases. Cases from high political interests to cases of the environment and human right issues.

The name Public Interest Litigation actually was given in the case of S.P.Gupta v. UOI. PIL have a lot of importance in changing the way India worked. Thus, this blog in its entirety will brief some major landmark PILs filed and also will be stating the impact that it created.

Hussainara Khatoon v. Home Secretary, State of Bihar

This case was stated to be a landmark case in India in the 1980s where this case brought into light the plight of the undertrial accused. This was a series of the case filed by multiple prisoners and have briefly spoken about the undertrial prisoners being in the prison for a period which is more than what they will get if they have got convicted also.

This case helped to create a precedent over the speedy trial and equitable justice for the undertrial prisoners. This one has the special place in the list.

Vishaka vs the State of Rajasthan

This case was initiated by an advocate through Public interest litigation (PIL). This case is the sad story of Bhanwari who was a victim of rape, which occurred to her after she fought against child marriage. Her whole family was boycotted from the village. The criminal case against the accused did not help her to meet the ends of justice. One of the lawyers who were present at the criminal trial of this case filed a PIL in order to help the victim.

This case was the initiating or ignition point for the tremendous implementation of Harassment laws in the workplace. This judgement is a landmark case as it stated the rigid guidelines for a healthy workplace environment for women.

Javed vs the State of Haryana

In this case, the case was filed by the aggrieved party who were unable to contest in the election because of a statute which made any person who has more than 2 children cannot contest in certain posts of the panchayat. This so-called two-child norm was made to give attention to the family planning scheme.

This court spoke about the overlapping provisions of the human right and the problem of population.

Get Legal Guidance

M.C. Mehta vs UOI:

This case was against those who were polluting the Ganga river. The case was filed by the notable environmental attorney M.C.Mehta where he fought against numerous industries and cities which mixed the Ganges with effluents and toxic waste. This case made the court to pass numerous orders against the industries to set up a sewage treatment plant. The cities and towns were also made to follow strict guidelines. Many numbers of industries were made to relocate. Thus, this case is considered to be one of the important cases in the history of PILs.

Parmanand Katara vs UOI

This case makes it to the list of landmark cases because of the number of lives that have been saved after the PIL was made. The case dealt with hospitals which were reluctant to attend accident and legal cases. The spark was created in the mind of Parmanand after he came to know about the story of a scooterist who met with an accident and was unable to get treatment in the nearby hospitals.

This case made sure that the ultimate goal of the hospital should be saving a life, and not escaping from troubles. The court gave complete freedom on hospitals to attend an emergency case that comes to them without worrying about legal troubles.

S.P.Gupta vs UOI:

In this case, it was held that a lawyer too has a locus standi to file a writ for the Public Interest Litigation. The case was a landmark case in the sense that the constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India, has told that the very interpretation of locus standi have been changed and thus the locus standi over the filing of PIL by lawyers should be accepted. This opened up a plethora of PIL petitions by the advocates.

It is an irresistible fact that the PILs form the basic structural tool for public participation in the varied issues involving the administration or environment and human rights. It is true that there is quite a number of criticism that is kept on the PIL and its ways to mend the judiciary for private interest in the name of public interest. The actual issue is when we look at the number of PILs that has been filed, it is a mere number that has some frivolous intentions.

Frequently Asked Questions

when should i get my income tax return

You can check the status within 24 hours after you receive e-file return or one month after you have mailed a paper return. Most refunds are issued in less than 21 days. Learn More about Income Tax filing

Is PF and ESI mandatory?

ESI is compulsory to all the employees earning Rs.21,000 below. ESI provides tremendous advantages and enhances the employee morale and retention. More info on ESI registration

What licenses are needed to start a food business in India?

Starting up a restaurant is an overwhelming process. You need to navigate the legal process and requirement before opening the restaurant. Licenses which are required to run the restaurant are: FSSAI license, Shop and Establishment license,Liquor license, Fire safety license, Health/Trade license, Music license, Eating house license, Lift license, etc. More information on FSSAI


What is the purpose of ISO

ISO aims to provide a workable and practical Quality Management System for monitoring and enhancing all the areas of the business. The management processes provide increses productivity , sound foundation and profit. More on ISO Certification


How can I get TDS refund?

When the amount you pay as tax in a fiscal year is lower than the amount deducted as TDS, you can claim a TDS refund. Details on TDS Return Filing


What is the difference between copyright and intellectual property?

Intellectual property refers to intellectual creation such as designs, symbols, names, images, artistic work, etc. Copyright is one of the form of the intellectual property. Details on Trademark Registration

What is the criteria for MSME?

As per the MSMED (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Development) Act implemented in 2006, MSMEs are classified into two classes such as Manufacturing Enterprises and Service Enterprises. Learn more about SSI/ MSME Registration

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