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What is a Probate Lawyer & When You May Want to Hire One

This blog provides an in-depth overview of probate lawyers in India. It clarifies the distinction between probate lawyers and estate planning attorneys, discusses their roles and responsibilities, highlights the cost considerations, and outlines the circumstances in which engaging a probate lawyer becomes crucial. Read on to gain valuable insights into the world of probate law.


When dealing with the legal aspects of someone’s estate after their passing, it can be a complex and emotionally challenging process. This is where probate lawyers come in. In India, probate lawyers specialize in navigating the legal procedures related to the distribution of a deceased person’s assets. In this blog, we will delve into the world of probate law, explore the differences between probate lawyers and estate planning attorneys, and understand when hiring a probate lawyer may be necessary.

Who is a Probate Lawyer?

A probate lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in the probate process, which involves validating a will, settling debts and taxes, and distributing the assets of a deceased person according to their wishes or the applicable laws. These lawyers provide guidance and represent the interests of their clients during the probate proceedings.

Role and Responsibilities of a Probate Lawyer

The role of a probate lawyer can vary depending on the specific circumstances of the estate. However, some of the most common responsibilities of a probate lawyer include:

  • Locating and reviewing the deceased’s will
  • Identifying the deceased’s assets and liabilities
  • Filing the will with the court
  • Serving notice of the probate proceeding to the deceased’s heirs and creditors
  • Collecting the deceased’s assets
  • Paying the deceased’s debts
  • Distributing the deceased’s assets to their heirs

Benefits of Hiring a Probate Lawyer

There are many benefits to hiring a probate lawyer. These include:

  • The lawyer will be familiar with the probate process and can help to ensure that it is completed correctly.
  • The lawyer can help to resolve any disputes that may arise during the probate process.
  • The lawyer can represent the heirs in court, if necessary.
  • The lawyer can provide peace of mind to the heirs, knowing that the probate process is being handled by a qualified professional.
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When to Hire a Probate Lawyer

In general while dealing with administration of an estate it is advisable to hire a probate lawyer. The specific cisumstances include:

  • If the deceased did not have a will
  • If the deceased’s will is contested
  • If the deceased’s estate is complex
  • If there are any disputes among the heirs
  • If the deceased’s assets are located in multiple jurisdictions

What’s the Difference Between a Probate and Estate Planning Lawyer

A probate lawyer specializes in the administration of estates, while an estate planning lawyer helps clients to plan for their estates. This includes drafting wills, trusts, and other estate planning documents.

While probate lawyers and estate planning lawyers may work together, they have different focuses. Probate lawyers are primarily concerned with the administration of estates after the death of the client, while estate planning lawyers are focused on helping clients to plan for their estates while they are still alive.

How Much Does a Probate Lawyer Cost?

The cost of hiring a probate lawyer in India can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the case, the lawyer’s experience and reputation, and the location. Some common fee structures include:

Hourly Rate

Lawyers charge an hourly rate for their services, which can range from INR 2,000 to INR 10,000 or more per hour.

Flat Fee

In simpler cases, lawyers may offer a fixed fee for their services, typically ranging from INR 30,000 to INR 1,00,000 or more.

Contingency Fee

In certain situations, probate lawyers may work on a contingency basis, where their fee is a percentage of the estate’s value.

It is advisable to discuss the fee structure with the probate lawyer during the initial consultation to ensure clarity and transparency.

Why May You Need a Probate Attorney?

Engaging a probate attorney can be beneficial in various circumstances, including:

Complex Estates

If the deceased person had significant assets, multiple properties, or complicated financial arrangements, a probate lawyer can provide valuable expertise in managing the complexities.

Disputes and Challenges

In case of disagreements among beneficiaries or if the validity of the will is contested, a probate lawyer can represent your interests and work towards a fair resolution.

Legal Complexities

Probate laws can be intricate, and navigating them without professional assistance may lead to errors or delays. A probate lawyer ensures compliance with legal requirements, minimizing potential complications.

Executor’s Responsibilities

If you are named as an executor in a will, a probate lawyer can guide you through the entire probate process, ensuring that you fulfill your duties properly.


Probate lawyers play a vital role in managing the legal aspects of a deceased person’s estate in India. Whether you are an executor or a beneficiary, their expertise can help navigate the complex probate process, ensuring the deceased person’s wishes are carried out efficiently and effectively. By understanding the responsibilities, cost considerations, and situations in which their services are essential, you can make informed decisions and seek appropriate legal assistance when needed.

Remember, when it comes to probate matters, consulting with a qualified probate lawyer can provide peace of mind during an emotionally challenging time.

Why is a probate lawyer important?

A probate lawyer can help to ensure that the probate process is completed correctly and that the deceased's wishes are carried out. They can also help to resolve any disputes that may arise during the probate process.

How much does a lawyer charge for probate in India?

A probate lawyer can help to ensure that the probate process is completed correctly and that the deceased's wishes are carried out. They can also help to resolve any disputes that may arise during the probate process.

What is a probate in Indian law?

A probate in Indian law is a court order that validates a will and allows the executor of the will to distribute the deceased's assets.

What is the connection between probate case and will?

A probate case is a legal proceeding that is initiated to validate a will and distribute the deceased's assets. The will is the document that outlines the deceased's wishes for the distribution of their assets.

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