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How to Use the Copyright Symbol?

In this blog, learn how to use the copyright symbol and how you can use this symbol in your copyright notice

If you own an invention or a creation that you feel might get breached by others, it’s prudent to opt for copyright protection. And in this blog, you will get to know about how it works, how the copyright symbol works, and how it can keep your creations protected against infringement.

What Is a Copyright Symbol?

Protect Creative Works India – Did you ever see a small ‘c’ inside a circle on some websites? You can even see them below photographs, graphic arts, music albums, YouTube channels, and so on. So, what is this symbol all about? Well, it’s the copyright symbol that lets the viewer know that the particular piece of content is copyright protected by its owner. 

This sign is often seen at the edge or corner of published or created content that is regarded as ‘visually detectable’ either directly or via a machine. It is not always visible, however. Despite its tiny size, its existence has a significant impact, particularly on the person who owns the copyright license. If you are not the owner or holder of the copyright, you must exercise caution while exploiting other people’s work to avoid legal repercussions later on.

Copyright Notice- What Is It? 

With a copyright, the ‘original works of authorship’ are protected by copyright under US law. An acknowledgement of copyright can be comprised of all publicly disseminated copies of an original work when it is published with the copyright owner’s permission. It is not necessary to get permission or register with the United States Copyright Office to use this notice.

Remember that the copyright notice form is only used for copies that are ‘visually detectable’ to the human eye. Books and films, for example, are examples of copies that one can watch or read, either directly (as in books) or with the assistance of machines (as in films). You should include every one of the components listed below in a copyright notice:

  • Copyright is represented by the symbol (a circle around the letter C), the phrase ‘Copyright’ or ‘Copr’ as an abbreviation, respectively
  • It is referred to as the publishing year when the first edition of a book is released for the first time. Whenever a derivative work, a compilation contains already published material, the year the derivative work or collection was first released is sufficient to determine the year the work was originally created
  • Translations and dramatisations are examples of derivative works, whereas anthologies are examples of compilations. To reproduce or distribute greeting cards, stationeries, postcards, jewellery, dolls, toys, and other useful goods without including the year of creation in the description of the work (including any associated textual materials), the year of creation may be deleted from the report
  • It is possible to use the copyright public performance owner’s name, an abbreviation that you may recognise, or an alternate identifier of the well-known owner.

How to Use the Copyright Symbol?

You, as the copyright owner, should utilise the copyright symbol or include a notice of copyright on the item in which the copyright symbol is used. The copyright emblem is composed of a few primary components

  • The copyright sign and the phrase ‘Copyright’ and its shortened version, ‘Copr’ are used
  • The copyright owner’s name – who does not necessarily have to be the author or artist – should be included. In some instances, other persons or businesses that hired the inventor may be the rightful owners of the copyright
  • It is possible that this is not essential in the case of photographs, graphics, sculpture, and other types of artwork
  • According to the Copyright standards, the publication or production date may also not be required for copied copyrighted work such as greeting cards, postcards, toys, or other valuable products replicated. 

You Can take the Services for Copyright Registration With Vakilsearch Expert’s Team.

Where Should the Copyright Emblem be Placed?

Now, this is something that’s up to you, the copyright owner. While the notification is optional, copyright owners can utilise any form of location for their copyright emblem or notice, regardless of whether the statement is shown. Nonetheless, it would be advisable for the copyright owner to follow the proper procedures when submitting the notification. In an ideal situation, you should take two factors into account:

It would be best if you did not hide it; rather, it should be readable or simple to read by anybody who comes into contact with the substance. If you create a single-page document, the copyright notice may display on the front or the back. Copyright notices are often put on the following areas in books or on several pages:

  • On the title page is the first page of a book
  • On the reverse side of the title page
  • On the first page after the title page is referred to as the second page
  • On the last page of the book follows the primary text
  • On the reverse side of the page.

Copyright Symbol Examples

The copyright symbol (©) is used to indicate that a work is protected by copyright law. It is typically used to inform others that the work is the intellectual property of the copyright holder and that certain rights, such as reproduction and distribution, are reserved. 

Here are some examples of how the copyright symbol is used:

Copyright Notice: The copyright symbol is often followed by the copyright owner’s name and the year of publication. For example: © 2023 John Doe.

Books: Copyright symbols are commonly found on the title page or verso (copyright page) of books to indicate that the content is protected by copyright.

Websites: Many websites include a copyright notice in the footer of their pages, which may look like this: © 2023 XYZ Company. All rights reserved.

Photographs: Photographers often watermark their images with the copyright symbol and their names to discourage unauthorized use.

Logos and Brands: Companies use the copyright symbol to protect their logos and brand identities.

Legal Documents: Copyright symbols may appear on legal documents, contracts, and agreements to assert copyright ownership.

Usually, the symbol is often used in conjunction with the phrase “All rights reserved” to specify that all rights are retained by the copyright holder.

It’s important to note that while using the copyright symbol is not a legal requirement, it serves as a clear indication of copyright ownership and can be beneficial in copyright disputes.

How to Type a Copyright Character?

The copyright symbol (©) can be typed using specific keyboard shortcuts or character codes on various devices and operating systems. Here are some examples of how to type the copyright symbol:

On Windows:

– Press and hold the “Alt” key on your keyboard.

– While holding “Alt,” type the code “0169” on the numeric keypad (not the top row of numbers).

– Release the “Alt” key, and the copyright symbol (©) will appear.

On Mac:

– Press the “Option” key and the “G” key simultaneously, and the copyright symbol (©) will appear.

On iOS (iPhone or iPad):

– Tap the “123” button on the on-screen keyboard to access the numbers and symbols.

– Locate and tap the “©” symbol.

On Android:

– Tap the “?123” button on the on-screen keyboard to access numbers and symbols.

– Locate and tap the “©” symbol.

On Linux (Ubuntu):

– Press and hold the “Ctrl” and “Shift” keys.

– While holding both keys, press the “U” key followed by “00A9.”

– Release all keys, and the copyright symbol (©) will appear.

Using Character Map (Windows):

– Open the Character Map program by searching for it in the Start menu.

– Find the copyright symbol (©) in the list of characters.

– Double-click the symbol, and it will be copied to your clipboard for pasting.

Using Special Characters Menu (Mac):

– On a Mac, you can often access special characters by clicking “Edit” in a text field and selecting “Emoji & Symbols” or “Special Characters.”

– Find the copyright symbol (©) and click to insert it into your text.

Please note that the exact methods may vary slightly depending on your device, operating system version, and the application you are using.

When Does a Copyright Notice Omit?

As previously indicated, original works that were made publicly available after 1 March 1989, do not need a copyright notice. However, if the copyright notice is not included in items published or generated before this date, a problem may occur. 

According to the legislation, you must have corrected an omission within five years of the initial publication of the document. 


What do you think of the copyright symbol now? We are sure that you would start looking for it more in the places you feel infringement is possible. Copyright notices on websites may be adequate at the bottom of the main page for most purposes. Still, some webmasters choose to include copyright notices on every page, which is entirely acceptable. 

In addition, sometimes web admins have clickable copyright notifications that connect readers to the specifics of the copyright for music in India, such as permissions, limitations, and other information that the copyright holder may think beneficial to discourage breaches of the copyright agreement. So, this blog will come in handy when you would like to include a copyright symbol on your website.


Can I use the copyright symbol for any type of creative content?

No, the copyright symbol cannot be used for any type of creative content. It can only be used for original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible medium of expression, such as literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works.

Does using the copyright symbol automatically grant copyright protection?

No, using the copyright symbol does not automatically grant copyright protection. Copyright protection is automatic the moment a work is created and fixed in a tangible form that is perceptible either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.

How long does copyright protection last for a work with the copyright symbol?

The duration of copyright protection for a work with the copyright symbol varies depending on the country and the type of work. In the United States, for example, the duration of copyright protection for works created after January 1, 1978, is the life of the author plus 70 years.

Can I use the copyright symbol for works in the public domain?

No, the copyright symbol cannot be used for works in the public domain, as they are not protected by copyright law.

What are the benefits of using the copyright symbol?

The benefits of using the copyright symbol include providing notice to the public that the work is protected by copyright and that all rights are reserved, emphasizing the author's ownership of the work, and potentially deterring infringement.

Are there any legal consequences for using the copyright symbol incorrectly or falsely?

Yes, there are legal consequences for using the copyright symbol incorrectly or falsely. Misuse of the copyright symbol can result in legal action for false advertising, unfair competition, or fraud.

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