Streamline your tax compliance with our expert-assisted GSTR 9 & 9C services @ ₹14,999/-

Tax efficiency, interest avoidance, and financial control with advance payment @ 4999/-

Legal Research with a Search Engine: Overview and Types

In this article, we'll explore some ways you can maximize efficiency and accuracy in legal research with a legal search engine.

Legal research is an essential part of any legal practice, but it can also be a time-consuming and daunting task. With the advent of legal search engines, however, the process has become much more efficient and accurate. Now, we’ll explore some ways you can maximize efficiency and accuracy in legal research with a search engine.

Purposes of Legal Research

Law is always changing because society changes. Law operates in the structure of society. It shapes and controls how people behave. But since societal norms change over time and in different places, it’s important for the law to be able to adapt to these changes.

In such situations, legal research is important. It helps to find out what the law is, clear up any confusion in the law, and identify any weaknesses or problems in the law. It also helps to make sure that the law is consistent and stable.

There are different reasons why legal research is done:

To figure out which laws apply to a Specific situation. With so many laws and rules out there, it can be hard to know which ones are relevant. Legal research makes it easier to find and understand the right laws.

To deal with any uncertainties or gaps in the law. Sometimes the law is not clear or there are things missing. Legal research helps to find answers and make the law more consistent and stable.

To predict the future. Legal research helps to understand how social factors influence the creation of laws. By looking at how the law matches up with what’s happening in society, we can suggest changes and improvements based on research.

In summary, legal research is important because it helps the law adapt to changes in society, clear up confusion, and make sure it’s consistent. It helps us find the right laws, deal with uncertainties, and predict future developments.

Types of Legal Research

  • Descriptive and Analytical Legal Research:

Types of Legal Research Descriptive Legal Research Analytical Legal Research
Meaning Descriptive legal research focuses on describing the phenomenon or situation under study and its various characteristics. It aims to answer “what has happened” and “what is happening” without exploring the causes. Analytical legal research involves using already available facts and information to critically study the situation. It analyses a wide range of facts and information.
Methods used Surveys, comparative and correlational methods, and other fact-finding techniques. Utilising already available facts and information for analysis and examination.

Applied and Fundamental Legal Research

Types of Legal Research Applied Legal Research Fundamental Legal Research
Meaning Applied legal research seeks practical solutions to specific problems. It is conducted in a practical context. Fundamental legal research is concerned with generalisation and theory formulation. It aims to increase knowledge in a specific field.
Also known by Action research Pure research or Basic research
Central aim Discovering practical solutions for pressing problems Acquiring additional information and expanding existing knowledge

Quantitative and Qualitative Legal Research:

Types of Legal Research Quantitative Legal Research Qualitative Legal Research
Meaning Quantitative legal research involves conducting research based on numerical data. It aims to measure the quantity or amount and systematically investigate quantifiable reports. Qualitative legal research is primarily concerned with qualitative phenomena, focusing on characteristics and qualities. It relies on reasoning and understanding various aspects of behaviour.
Methods used Questionnaires, surveys, structured interviews, and experiments. Participant surveys, unstructured interviews, and life histories.
  • Conceptual and Empirical Legal Research:

Types of Legal Research Conceptual Legal Research Empirical Legal Research
Meaning Conceptual legal research is related to abstract theories or ideas. It is used by philosophers and thinkers to develop or reinterpret existing concepts. Empirical legal research relies on experience or observation alone, often without any specific system or theory. It is also known as experimental research.
Relies upon Existing concepts are used to reinterpret or develop new concepts. Experiments, observations, facts, and data are utilised to test hypotheses and support research claims.

Tips to Conducting an Effective Legal Research

Clearly Define the Research Objective: 

Before beginning your legal research, clearly define the objective or the specific legal issue you are seeking to address. This will help you stay focused and streamline your research process.

Use Reliable and Authoritative Sources: 

Rely on credible and authoritative sources such as legal databases, academic journals, official government websites, and reputable legal publications. These sources provide accurate and up-to-date information.

Narrow Down Your Search: 

Use specific keywords and search terms related to your legal issue to refine your search results. This will help you find more relevant and targeted information.

Utilise Legal Research Tools:

 Take advantage of legal research tools and databases available online. These tools can provide comprehensive access to case law, statutes, regulations, and legal commentary, making your research more efficient and thorough.

Check Multiple Sources: 

Cross-reference information from multiple sources to ensure accuracy and reliability. Different sources may present varying perspectives or interpretations of the law, so it’s important to consider multiple viewpoints.

Analyse and Evaluate Information: 

As you gather information, critically analyse and evaluate its relevance and applicability to your specific legal issue. Consider the credibility of the source, the context in which the information was provided, and any potential biases.

Keep Track of Sources and Citations: 

Maintain a record of the sources you have consulted and cite them properly in your research to ensure academic integrity and to enable others to verify your findings.

Stay Updated with Changes in the Law: 

Laws can change over time, so it’s essential to stay updated with any recent legal developments, amendments, or new precedents that may impact your research topic.

Top Legal Websites for Legal Research


A popular online platform for legal services and resources in India.


Comprehensive legal research platform with a wide range of Indian case law, statutes, and commentaries.

SCC Online:

 Leading platform providing access to Indian case law, including Supreme Court and High Court judgments.

Indian Kanoon:

 Free online resource offering Indian case law, statutes, and regulations.

Legal India:

 Comprehensive legal portal with news, articles, and resources on Indian laws and procedures.


Advanced legal research platform with extensive Indian case law and legal commentaries.


Legal news and analysis website covering recent legal developments in India.

Know Your Search Engine: Not all legal search engines are created equal, and each has its own strengths and weaknesses. Before you start using a legal search engine, take some time to understand its features, search algorithms, and search criteria. This will help you to get the most out of the tool and save time.

Be Specific in Your Search Queries: When using a legal search engine, it’s important to be specific in your search queries. Use relevant keywords, Boolean operators, and advanced search options to refine your search criteria and get the most relevant results.

Check Multiple Sources: Legal search engines are a great tool, but they should not be the only source of your legal research. It’s important to check multiple sources, such as legal databases, case law, and statutes, to ensure that you have a complete understanding of the legal issues at hand.

Use Analytics Tools: Many legal search engines offer analytics tools that can help you to analyze and visualize your search results. These tools can help you to identify trends, patterns, and connections that you may not have noticed otherwise, which can be useful in building your case.

Verify Your Results: Always verify your search results with primary sources, such as legal databases, case law, and statutes. Don’t rely solely on the information provided by the legal search engine, as it may not always be accurate or up-to-date.

By following these tips, you can maximize efficiency and accuracy in legal research with a legal search engine. Remember to use multiple sources, be specific in your search queries, and verify your results to ensure that you have a complete and accurate understanding of the legal issues at hand.

The Takeaway

Legal research can be a daunting and time-consuming task, but legal search engines can make the process more efficient and accurate.

To maximize efficiency and accuracy, it’s important to know your legal search engine, be specific in your search queries, check multiple sources, use analytics tools, and verify your results. By following these tips, you can save time and ensure that you have a complete and accurate understanding of the legal issues at hand.

Read More:

Subscribe to our newsletter blogs

Back to top button


Remove Adblocker Extension