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GST

GST on Construction – Latest Updates, Works Contract, Rates of GST on Construction Materials, Impact, Taxability

The construction sector is subject to ongoing GST updates, affecting tax rates, compliance requirements, and input tax credit availability. Staying up-to-date with these changes is crucial for businesses in the construction industry to navigate the evolving taxation landscape effectively.

GST on Works Contract in Construction

GST applies to works contracts in construction, a contract where a builder or contractor agrees to construct a building or structure for a client. The GST rate on works contracts is 18%, except for affordable housing, which is taxed at 5%.

Latest Update

As of today, August 4, 2023, the GST  registration rates on construction services and materials are as follows:

Construction services

  • General services: 18%
  • Affordable housing: 5%

Construction materials

  • Natural sand: 5%
  • Building bricks: 12%
  • Gravel and crushed stone: 5%
  • Marble and granite blocks: 18%
  • Cement: 28%
  • Iron and steel: 18%
  • Tiles: 28%

Different Rates of GST on Construction Materials

The GST rate depends on the type of material. Some common materials and their GST rates are as follows:

  • Natural sand: 5%
  • Building bricks: 12%
  • Gravel and crushed stone: 5%
  • Marble and granite blocks: 18%
  • Cement: 28%
  • Iron and steel: 18%
  • Tiles: 28%
gst on construction
gst on construction

GST on Interiors

GST also applies to interiors used in construction, such as copper wire, wallpapers, paint and varnish, interior goods, and bathroom fittings. The GST rate on these items varies depending on the item. For example:

  • Copper wire: 18%
  • Wallpapers: 28%
  • Paint and varnish: 28%
  • Interior goods: 18% or 28%, depending on the item
  • Bathroom fittings: 18% or 28%, depending on the item

Impact of GST 

The introduction of GST has had a mixed impact on the construction sector. On the one hand, it has made the sector more transparent and efficient by reducing the number of taxes and simplifying the compliance process. On the other hand, the higher rates on some construction materials and services have increased the cost of construction.

Input Tax Credit (ITC) in Construction

Input Tax Credit (ITC) is a mechanism that allows businesses to offset the GST they pay on their inputs against the GST they charge on their outputs. This mechanism is also available to businesses in the construction sector. For example, a builder can offset the GST paid on materials against the GST charged on the sale of the constructed property.

GST Taxability on the Construction Industry

The construction industry is one of the most important sectors in the Indian economy. It contributes significantly to the country’s GDP and employment. GST has had a significant impact on the industry, both positive and negative.

On the positive side, GST has made the industry more transparent and efficient. It has also reduced the number of taxes and simplified the compliance process. This has made it easier for businesses in this sector to operate.

On the negative side, the higher GST rates on some materials and services have increased the cost of construction. This has made it more difficult for businesses in the construction sector to compete and increased the prices of homes and other properties.

Overall, the impact of GST on the construction industry has been mixed. It has made the sector more transparent and efficient, but it has also increased the cost of construction. It is too early to say what the long-term impact of GST on the construction industry will be.

Frequently Asked Questions

ill GST on Construction impact the resale property?

No, GST is not applicable on the resale of properties. GST applies only on the first sale of a property from the builder to the buyer.

What are the situations in which GST is not applicable for construction-related dealings?

GST is not applicable to the following construction-related dealings:

  • Sale of land
  • Resale of properties
  • Construction services provided by pure labour contracts under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
  • Construction services are provided through pure labour contracts for a single residential unit or a part of a residential complex.

What is the role of the GST bill in the construction industry and its implications?

The GST bill has simplified the tax structure for the construction industry by replacing multiple taxes, such as excise duty, service tax, and VAT, with a single tax. This has made the industry more transparent and efficient. However, the higher GST rates on some construction materials and services have increased the construction cost.

Can we claim GST on construction?

Yes, businesses in the construction sector can claim the Input Tax Credit (ITC) on the GST they pay on their inputs against the GST they charge on their outputs. This helps to reduce the overall tax burden on businesses in the construction sector.

Who should pay the GST, the builder or the buyer?

The builder is responsible for paying GST on the construction services provided to the buyer. The buyer is not required to pay GST directly to the government.

Do builders have to pay GST?

Yes, builders have to pay GST on the construction services they provide to buyers. The GST rate on construction services is 18%, except for affordable housing, which is taxed at 5%.

Do we need to pay GST to the builder?

Yes, you need to pay GST to the builder on the construction services they provide. The builder will include the GST in the invoice they send you.

What is the effect of GST on the infrastructure sector?

The introduction of GST has had a mixed impact on the infrastructure sector. On the one hand, it has made the sector more transparent and efficient. On the other hand, the higher GST rates on some construction materials and services have increased the cost of construction. This has made it more difficult for the government to invest in infrastructure projects.

Is GST applicable to under-construction flats in housing projects?

Yes, GST applies to under-construction flats in housing projects. The GST rate on under-construction flats is 5%, except for affordable housing, which is taxed at 1%.


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