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Food Business FSSAI Annual Return Online

Discover the pivotal role of the Food Business Annual Return in ensuring regulatory adherence and food safety.

Is Your Food Business at Risk? The FSSAI annual return Holds the Key. Don’t get caught off guard by regulatory red tape. This article delves into the essential Food Business Annual Return, revealing its purpose, vital information, and impact on consumer trust. Learn how to file it seamlessly, avoid costly penalties, and contribute to a safer food chain. Take control, stay compliant, and build a thriving business in the food industry.

Who is Required to File a Food Business Annual Return?

According to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), the following food businesses are obligated to file an annual return:

  1. Licensed Manufacturers and Importers: All food businesses holding a central or state FSSAI license for manufacturing or importing food products (other than milk products) must file the annual return.
  2. Businesses with Turnover Above Threshold: Businesses with an annual turnover of more than Rs. 12 lakhs in the previous financial year must file the return even if they don’t hold an FSSAI license.
  3. Milk Product Businesses: Businesses involved in the manufacturing and distributing of milk products were previously required to file a half-yearly return (Form D2), but this has been discontinued. They now need to file the annual return as well.
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Exempted Entities for Filing Returns

  1. Small Businesses: Food businesses with an annual turnover of less than Rs. 12 lakhs in the previous financial year are exempt from filing the annual return.
  2. Unregistered/Unlicensed Businesses: Businesses not registered or licensed with FSSAI are not required to file the return. 
  3. Food Stalls and Hawkers: Food stalls and hawkers operating temporarily or without a fixed place of business are typically exempt.

Types of FSSAI Returns

  1. Annual Return (Form D1): This is the primary return filed by most food businesses, covering details of their operations, products, sales, and compliance with FSSAI regulations.
  2. Half-Yearly Return (Form D2): Previously required for milk product businesses but now discontinued.
  3. Stock and Sale Statement (Form D4): Filed by certain food businesses to provide details of their stock and sales of specific food products.
  4. Return for Export of Food Products (Form D7): Filed by businesses exporting food products.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements and exemptions may vary depending on the type of food business and the state in which it operates. It’s best to consult the FSSAI website or a professional for accurate guidance.

Benefits of Filing FSSAI Annual Returns

  • Compliance with Regulations: Filing the annual return demonstrates a business’s commitment to adhering to FSSAI regulations, which fosters trust and credibility among consumers and regulatory authorities.
  • Monitoring and Improvement: The process of compiling data for the return allows businesses to track their performance, identify areas for improvement, and make necessary adjustments to ensure food safety and quality.
  • Data Insights for FSSAI: The aggregated data from annual returns helps FSSAI to gain valuable insights into the food industry, identify trends, assess risks, and formulate effective policies and interventions to enhance food safety nationwide.
  • Renewal Facilitation: Timely filing of annual returns is often a prerequisite for renewing FSSAI licenses, ensuring businesses can continue to operate legally.
  • Avoidance of Penalties: Failure to file the annual return can result in penalties, fines, and potential license suspension or cancellation.

Due Date for Filing Food Business Annual Return

  • The due date for filing the annual return is typically 30 May every year for the preceding financial year (1 April to 31 March).
  • However, checking the FSSAI website for any updates or extensions is essential, as the due date has been extended in certain years.

How to File Food Business Annual Return Online

  1. Visit the FSSAI FoSCoS Portal: Access the Food Safety and Compliance System (FoSCoS) portal at
  2. Log In: Use your existing credentials or register as a new user.
  3. Select “Annual Return.”: From the dashboard, navigate to the “Annual Return” section.
  4. Choose the Relevant Form: Select “Form D1 – Annual Return” or the appropriate form based on your business type.
  5. Fill in the Details: Accurately fill in the required information, including your license number, business details, product details, sales figures, and compliance status. 
  6. Upload Documents: If required, upload any supporting documents.
  7. Review and Submit: Carefully review the filled form and submit it online.
  8. Payment: Pay the applicable fees online.
  9. Acknowledgement: Receive an acknowledgement receipt for successful submission.

Required Information for Food Business Annual Return

Here’s the key information typically required in an FSSAI Annual Return (Form D1):

  1. Business Details:
  • FSSAI license number
  • Name and address of the business
  • Name of the proprietor/partner/director
  • Type of food business (manufacturer, importer, retailer, etc.)
  • Nature of business (proprietary, partnership, company, etc.)
  1. Product Details:
  • List of food products manufactured, imported, or handled
  • Quantity of each product produced/imported/sold in the financial year
  • Value of each product (selling price per unit or total value)
  1. Sales Details:
  • Total sales turnover for the financial year
  • Breakdown of sales by product category (if applicable)
  1. Compliance Status:
  • Details of any inspections conducted by FSSAI officials
  • Status of compliance with FSSAI regulations
  • Any corrective actions taken to address non-compliance
  1. Other Information:
  • Number of food handlers employed
  • Number of food safety supervisors
  • Details of any changes in business operations or layout
  • Consumer grievance handling details

Common Mistakes to Avoid in Food Business Annual Return Filing

  1. Late Filing: Missing the due date attracts penalties.
  2. Incorrect Information: Ensure accuracy in details to avoid issues during license renewal or inspections.
  3. Incomplete Information: Provide all required details to prevent rejection of the return.
  4. Uploading Wrong Documents: Attach only relevant documents.
  5. Not Reviewing Before Submission: Double-check for errors before final submission.

Importance of Food Business Annual Return for Food Safety

  1. Monitoring Compliance: The return enables FSSAI to track compliance with regulations, ensuring food safety standards.
  2. Identifying Risks and Trends: Data analysis helps identify potential risks, emerging trends, and areas for improvement in the food industry.
  3. Enhancing Food Safety Policies: Insights from returns inform policy decisions and interventions to strengthen food safety.
  4. Promoting Transparency and Accountability: The filing process encourages transparency and accountability among food businesses.
  5. Protecting Consumer Health: Accurate data and compliance contribute to a safer food supply, safeguarding public health.


The Food Business Annual Return serves as a critical bridge between regulatory compliance, food safety, and a thriving food industry. By understanding its purpose, requirements, and impact, food businesses can confidently navigate this key process and reap its multifaceted benefits.


How do I file my food license annual return?

To file your food license annual return, log in to the FSSAI portal, complete the required details, attach necessary documents, and submit the form online.

Who is exempted from filing annual returns in FSSAI?

Small-scale or specific types of food businesses may be exempted based on factors like size and nature of operations. Refer to FSSAI guidelines for specific exemptions.

What is the FSSAI half-yearly return form?

The FSSAI half-yearly return form is a document for reporting food business activities every six months. It captures relevant data to ensure regulatory compliance.

What is the penalty for late filing of the FSSAI annual return?

Penalties for late filing vary. It's crucial to adhere to deadlines to avoid fines. Check FSSAI guidelines for specific penalty amounts.

What is the last date for the food License annual return?

The last date for filing the food license annual return varies. Check FSSAI regulations or contact local authorities for specific deadlines.

What are annual return documents?

Annual return documents include details on business operations, production volumes, safety measures, and more. These documents ensure transparency and compliance.

What are the documents required for the FSSAI annual return?

Documents may include production records, sales data, safety protocols, and other relevant records. Refer to FSSAI guidelines for the complete list.

Is it mandatory to file an annual return?

Yes, for most food businesses, filing an annual return is mandatory. Non-compliance may result in penalties or other regulatory actions.

Who is required to file an annual return?

Businesses involved in food manufacturing, processing, or selling are typically required to file the annual return. Refer to FSSAI guidelines for specific requirements.

What happens if the annual return is late?

Late filing may incur penalties. It's essential to adhere to deadlines to maintain regulatory compliance and avoid legal consequences.

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