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Chinabhai Virabhai ... vs State Of Gujarat

High Court Of Gujarat|15 January, 2020
1. The present petition under Article 226 of the Constitution of India has been filed by the petitioner seeking following direction:-
"10(B) Your Lordship be pleased to issue any appropriate writ, order or direction to direct the respondent no.4 to register the complaint of the petitioner dated 01/10/2019 (Annnexure-A) and further be pleased to direct respondent no.1 - State of Gujarat to handover the investigation of the said complaint to Higher Police Authority and directed to make investigation in accordance with law."
2. Heard learned advocate for the petitioner.
3. The Hon'ble Apex Court in the case of Divine Retreat Centre v/s. State of Kerala and Ors. reported in (2008) 3 SCC 542 has held in para 41 and 42 as under :-
"41. It is altogether a different matter that the High Court in exercise of its power under Article 226 of the Constitution of India can always issue appropriate directions at the instance of an aggrieved person if the High Court is convinced that the power of investigation Page 1 of 3 Downloaded on : Wed Jan 15 23:29:55 IST 2020 R/SCR.A/10791/2019 ORDER has been exercised by an Investigating Officer mala fide. That power is to be exercised in rarest of the rare cases where a clear case of abuse of power and noncompliance with the provisions falling under Chapter XII of the Code is clearly made out requiring the interference of the High Court. But even in such cases, the High Court cannot direct the police as to how the investigation is to be conducted but can always insist for the observance of process as provided for in the Code.
42. Even in cases where no action is taken by the police on the information given to them, the informants remedy lies under Sections 190, 200 Cr. P.C., but a Writ Petition in such a case is not to be entertained. This Court in Gangadhar Janardan Mhatre Vs. State of Maharashtra & ors. held:
"13. When the information is laid with the police, but no action in that behalf is taken, the complainant is given power under Section 190 read with Section 200 of the Code to lay the complaint before the Magistrate having jurisdiction to take cognizance of the offence and the Magistrate is required to enquire into the complaint as provided in Chapter XV of the Code. In case the Magistrate after recording evidence finds a prima facie case, instead of issuing process to the accused, he is empowered to direct the police concerned to investigate into offence under Chapter XII of the Code and to submit a report. If he finds that the complaint does not disclose any offence to take further action, he is empowered to dismiss the complaint under Section 203 of the Code. In case he finds that the complaint/evidence recorded prima facie discloses an offence, he is empowered to take cognizance of the offence and would issue process to the accused. These aspects have been highlighted by this Court in All India Institute of Medical Sciences Employees Union (Regd.) V. Union of India. It was specifically observed that a writ petition in such cases is not to be entertained."
4. Similarly, in the case of Sudhir Bhaskarrao Tambe v/s.
Hemant Yashwant Dhage and Ors. reported in (2016) 6 SCC 277, the Hon'ble Apex Court has held in para 2 as under :-
R/SCR.A/10791/2019 ORDER "2. This Court has held in Sakiri Vasu v. State of U.P., that if a person has a grievance that his FIR has not been registered by the police, or having been registered, proper investigation is not being done, then the remedy of the aggrieved person is not to go to the High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution of India, but to approach the Magistrate concerned under Section 156(3) CrPC. If such an application under Section 156(3) CrPC is made and the Magistrate is, prima facie, satisfied, he can direct the FIR to be registered, or if it has already been registered, he can direct proper investigation to be done which includes in his discretion, if he deems it necessary, recommending change of the investigating officer, so that a proper investigation is done in the matter. We have said this in Sakiri Vasu case because what we have found in this country is that the High Courts have been flooded with writ petitions praying for registration of the first information report or praying for a proper investigation."
5. In view of the settled position in case of Divine Retreat Centre (supra) and Sudhir Tambe (supra), the petitioner has alternate remedy to approach concerned authority and/or the learned Magistrate under Sections 36, 154, 156(3) and 200 or any other provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 for the relief sought for in the present petition. Therefore, the present petition is not entertained and the petitioner is at liberty to approach the competent authority/Court, if the petitioner so desires.
6. In view of the above, present petition stands disposed of. It is clarified that this Court has not examined the merits of the present petition.
(S.H.VORA, J) SATISH Page 3 of 3 Downloaded on : Wed Jan 15 23:29:55 IST 2020
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  • S H Vora