The World Customs Organisation (WCO) established and developed the Harmonised System of Nomenclature (HSN) with the objective of classifying global commodities in a systematic and logical manner.
HSN Code Mandatory in GST :
What Exactly Is the HSN Code
- It is a six-digit universal code that categorises over 5,000 different items and is recognised worldwide
- This collection of stated rules is used in taxation to determine the tax rate applicable to a product in a jurisdiction
- It is also used to calculate the number of products imported and exported from a country
- It is an essential element for analysing the global movement of products
- It is organised into parts, which are further divided into chapters, which are further divided into headers and subheadings
- The final number is the six-digit code
- HSN is widely utilised and implemented in almost 200 nations, accounting for an incredible 98 percent of the world’s goods
- It is by far the most reasonable system of classification and identification in international trade.
- It has aided in the reduction of efforts and expenses associated with complex international trade procedures.
April 1, 2021
HSN code reporting became obligatory while preparing the GSTR-1 return on April 1, 2021. The updated declaration requires taxpayers with an annual aggregate turnover of more than Rs. 5 crore to include the HSN code on all tax invoices.
HSN Code in India
Now that we’ve covered the fundamentals of HSN, let’s look at it in the context of India.
India is poised to establish its own Commodities and Services Tax, or GST, on all goods and services. Many indirect taxes will be absorbed, reducing the load on the end user.
India has employed the HSN system in the Central Excise and Customs administration since 1986. It is a significantly more thorough classification, with two extra digits added to the 6-digit structure. Indian manufacturers subject to GST will be expected to adhere to a three-tiered HSN structure.
- Those having a revenue of less than INR 1.5 crores are not required to subscribe to HSN
- Those who earn more than INR 1.5 crores but less than INR 5 crores must use the two-digit HSN numbers.
- Those with more than INR 5 crores in income must utilise the four-digit HSN codes.
- Those merchants who engage in imports or exports must use the 8-digit HSN codes.Gst Rate Search
Recognizing the HSN Code Digits
The HSN structure includes 21 divisions, 99 chapters, roughly 1,244 headings, and 5,224 subheadings.The part or chapter to which the commodity belongs is defined by its manufacturing and technological complexity. As a result, all natural commodities such as crops, animal food, and so on are found earlier, but industrial machinery is located later.
For example, processed cotton appears later than uncombed, regular cotton.
- The sections are structured broadly. Chapters, on the other hand, are much more precisely organised
- Section 11 encompasses all forms of textiles and textile goods, while Chapter 62, which also falls within Section 11, is dedicated to men’s and women’s accessories
- Chapters have been subdivided further down the chain into headings and subheadings. The headings under the Chapters focus on various types of items
- Continuing with the previous example, heading 13 of Chapter 62 includes all sorts of handkerchiefs, but heading 14 covers all types of scarves and shawls
- These headings are associated with a product
- Handkerchiefs composed of various textile materials, for example, are classified as heading 13 under Chapter 62.The product’s HSN number is 62.13.90, with 90 being the product code for various textile handkerchiefs
- For a more detailed classification, the Indian GST adds two more digits to certain items. When the handkerchiefs are constructed of a man-made fibre, the HSN code is 184.108.40.206. Similarly, 220.127.116.11 is reserved for silk handkerchiefs or silk waste.
Find out how much GST you need to pay before registering for GST without a GST calculator Online.
The General Interpretation Rules must be observed when a product is categorised in the above framework. When classifying a product, the commodity’s trade jargon must be evaluated first, not its technical manipulation. If the product is classified on the first level, there is no need to drill down deeper into the stratum below.
Accounting Codes for Services (SAC)
India has established a Service Accounting Code (SAC) for all of its services, similar to the International HSN Codes.GST will replace the service tax, which currently applies to all types of services at a nationwide rate of 15%, with some exceptions. Because GST is a combination of commodities and services, a comparable classification for services is also required. Under the GST regime, SAC will stay unchanged.
Gstr-1 HSN Code
GST returns must be reported with the HSN code, just as invoices must include the HSN code at 6 and 4 digits. From April 1, 2020, businesses with an aggregated turnover of more than 5 crores in the previous fiscal year must upload an HSN summary with a 6-digit HSN number in GSTR-1.
Similarly, businesses with total revenue of up to 5 crores must include an HSN summary with a four-digit HSN number in their GSTR-1 form. Businesses can, however, optionally include the HSN code at additional digits. Businesses with up to 5 crores can use HSN at 6 or 8 digits, while businesses with more than 5 crores can use HSN at 8 digits.
In the month of May ’21, the effect of HSN summary in GSTR-1 return was made, both in the GST portal and the offline tool. As a result, the new rule will take effect with the May GSTR-1, which is due in June 2021. In the case of quarterly GSTR-1, you must provide details at 4 digits in the April to June’21 GSTR-1, which is due in July,2021.
This modification requires you to record the HSN code of 6/4 digits in the HSN summary, which is table 12 of GSTR-1.. Also, the ‘total amount’ in the HSN summary has been replaced with ‘Rate of Tax,’ which means you must now provide HSN-specific rate details.
Get in touch with Vakilsearch right away to obtain specific information on GST codes and HSN codes.
- All about GST Registration for E-commerce operator in India
- What is the Impact of GST on Manufacturing Industry