Did you know India is the second-largest food producer in the world and has the potential to top the list in a few years? But how is this huge industry regulated? Read this article and find out!
India is home to a large number of cultures and cuisines. The Indian food market is enormous. The food industry directly concerns the safety and health of the public. Regulating such a vital industry becomes inevitable. The Governments take it as an obligation to ensure that no unhealthy or wrong product that can cause harm to its people, is launched in the market.
But How Does the Indian Government Regulate the Food Market?
The Government of India (GoI) has enacted various Acts to prevent any harmful food products from being traded in the market. FSSAI and FPO are two such initiatives.
What are FSSAI and FPO?
FSSAI is the abbreviation for ‘Food Safety and Standards Association of India’. And FPO stands for ‘Food Products Order’. Both these initiatives are meant to maintain a healthy and safe food culture in the country.
Dissimilarities Between FPO and FSSAI:
Though these initiatives were rolled out with the same aim, they do have a few differences. Let us understand them.
|When did it come into effect?||Though FPO was enacted in 1995, an FPO mark was made compulsory to obtain from 2006 onwards.||FSSAI was rolled out in 2006|
|For whom was it meant?||FPO was meant for businesses that manufactured products based on fruits and vegetables.||FSSAI has become a mandatory license for all business operators in the Indian food industry.|
|With what purpose was the initiative enacted?||FPO was enacted to ensure that the quality of all the products manufactured from fruits and vegetables were safe, healthy, and met the specified quality standards.|| |
FSSAI was rolled out to monitor, approve, and lay standards for business operators in the food industry, ensuring healthy and safe food for human consumption.
The Act was also rolled out with the purpose to amalgamate all other existing food organizations into one governing body.
|What is the current status of the Act?||The status of FPO stands redundant after the introduction of FSSAI||FSSAI is even today in force and remains the single point of reference for all food safety standards.|
Now that we know FSSAI is the primary regulatory body for Food Businesses in India, let’s find out how the FSSAI works.
How Does the FSSAI Function?
- FSSAI has a decentralized organizational structure, which means each state has a separate FSSAI division that works in the coordination of the municipal authorities of the respective areas of the state.
- Every registered food business must follow the safety standards and regulations of FSSAI.
- If a food business does not oblige to the guidelines, it may lose its lawful operations, and lose its FSSAI permit.
Businesses that must Obtain Certification From FSSAI:
- Wholesalers/ traders
- Food products transporters
- Food storage units
- All kinds of food producers
- Importers or Exporters of food products
- Online FBOs (Food Business Operators)
- Raw food materials suppliers
- Food products distributors.
Types of FSSAI Certifications:
One size fits all is never the case in our large Indian market. Small businesses would not require regulations as much as large businesses. Based on the annual turnover, businesses must obtain one of the following certifications.
- Basic registration: Turnover less ₹12 Lakh
- State FSSAI License: Turnover between ₹12 Lakh to ₹20 Crore.
- Central FSSAI License: Turnover more than ₹20 Crore.
Do Homemade Food Sellers Require Registration?
Yes, if you are selling homemade food products you must register with FSSAI, failing which may attract a huge fine, and maybe imprisonment based on the type of offense.
Why Seek Vakilsearch’s Services?
Vakilsearch will help you obtain the right kind of FSSAI certification within the shortest time frame. So you don’t lose your business credibility.