Business PlanPrivate Limited

What Is Meant by ‘Pvt Ltd Company’?

In this informative article, we have discussed the ins and outs of Pvt Ltd Company in detail and depth. Continue reading to learn more about Private Limited Company.

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What Is Meant by ‘Pvt Ltd Company‘?

A Pvt Ltd Company is frequently known as a commercial entity which is privately held. Private stockholders run it. A private firm’s liability arrangement is quite identical to a limited partnership in that the stockholder’s responsibility is equivalent to the amount of shares held.

With new enterprises emerging all over the nation, it’s vital to comprehend the diverse business models, including limited liability partnership, a private limited company (Pvt Ltd Company) and sole proprietorship. In this post, we shall glance at a Pvt Ltd Company in further depth. Continue reading to learn more.

Pvt Ltd Company: What Is It?

A Pvt Ltd Company or Private Limited Company is basically a sort of privately held business organisation. Private stakeholders manage such entities. A private limited company’s liability structure is less rigorous when compared to a sole proprietorship or an LLP business model, where firm belongings are always at risk in times of a financial emergency. 

True, stockholders in a Pvt. Ltd. corporation are liable for business losses, but there’s an exemption. Such losses may be incurred by stockholders up the amount of stocks they hold. It means a member’s liability for paying a business loss is restricted to the amount of stocks they own. Furthermore, the shareholders can’t be held accountable for losses exceeding the share value. The MCA (Ministry of Corporate Affairs) regulates privately held corporate enterprises in India.


Section 2 (68) of the 2013 Companies Act defines Pvt. Ltd. as:

‘A company with a minimum paid-up share capital as defined by laws and which, through its articles, 

  • limits the ability to transfer its stocks;
  • unless in the case of a single-person company, a maximum of 200 members;
  • bans any offer to the general public to pay a subscription for any of the firm’s shares.’

Ltd. Company: Traits Now that you understand what a private limited company is, the following step is to investigate its characteristics:

  • Members: According to the 2013 Companies Act, at least two members and up to 200 members are necessary to form a business.
  • Restricted Liability: Each shareholder’s or member’s liability is limited, meaning that if a corporation suffers a loss under any conditions, its stockholders may be forced to sell their personal belongings to make up the difference. The stockholders’ personal belongings are not at risk.
  • Members’ List: A private business has an advantage when compared to a public business. In a private company, one does not have to keep a tab on its members, but a public company is compelled to do so.
  • Perpetual Succession: The corporation continues to exist in the law’s eyes even if one of its members becomes insolvent, declares bankruptcy, or dies. This results in the company’s eternal succession. The company’s life continues indefinitely.
  • A Number of Directors: A private firm just requires two directors. A private business can begin activities with the presence of two directors.
  • Paid-up Capital: It should have at least a paid capital of ₹1 lakh, or a more significant amount stipulated timely.
  • Prospectus: A prospectus is a thorough summary of a business’s affairs that are issued to the general public by the firm. A prospectus isn’t required when it comes to Pvt Ltd Company since the public isn’t encouraged to pay a subscription for the business’s stocks.
  • Minimum Subscription: This is actually the sum received by the firm that is equal to 90% of the stocks issued in a given time. If the firm does not collect 90 percent of the payment, it will be unable to conduct further operations. Regarding Pvt Ltd Company, stocks can be issued to the general public without the requirement of a minimum subscription.
  • Name: Every private corporation must include the words private limited after their names.

Pvt Ltd Company: Benefits

The following are the benefits provided by a Pvt Ltd Company:

  • Limited Liability

Due to the extent of limited liability, shareholders in a privately-owned corporate entity aren’t in danger of losing personal belongings. According to the rules, if the Private Limited Company has a fiscal crisis, the members will be responsible for selling their belongings to pay for the loss.

  • Ownership

Proprietorship and regulation of stocks in a public corporation may be offered to the general population on an open market. In contrast, stocks in a private firm may be transferred or sold to other persons at the proprietor’s discretion. A group of private investors, management, or founders possess stocks in such firms. Stocks aren’t traded on the open market here. As a result, there’ll be fewer stockholders. It means that management and decision-making will be less confusing and difficult.

  • Legal Formalities

Don’t you think legal formalities may be time-consuming and costly? If you want to launch a public corporation, you need to be geared up since there’s an extensive list of legal requirements to follow. Private enterprises have a much limited list in comparison.

  • Decision-Making and Management

Decision-making and management in public corporations get increasingly difficult and perplexing as the number of stockholders increases. This cumbersome procedure is avoided because there are fewer stockholders in a private corporation.

  • Confidential

It’s inappropriate for competitors to be aware of your company’s secrets. In public firms, confidential information like the executive salary, lawsuit settlements, and several other critical pieces of information can’t be kept private. Such information can be kept quite a secret when it comes to private firms.

  • Share Market Pressure

Well, private enterprises aren’t subject to share market pressure, and you do not have to stress over meddling or stockholder expectations as long as they follow the law. Stockholders in publicly traded corporations are concerned with present profitability and put pressure on the enterprise to raise earnings.

Private Company: Types

Private companies are classed according to their capital and liability. We will address this briefly here:

  • Capital-based: A Pvt Ltd Company may be formed without or with stock capital. The capital clause of the firm’s MoA specifies the kind of company depending on capital.
  • Liability-based: The liability of the members might be restricted or infinite. In India, most businesses are registered as Limited Liability Partnerships. Members’ obligation in the event of corporations with stock-holding is restricted to unpaid capital on subscribed stocks. In the case of corporations without shareholders, the agreed sum of obligation in the form of capital is specified in the firm’s memorandum of understanding.
  • One Person Company: OPC or One Person Company is another form of Pvt Ltd Company. It’s a registered firm with only a single stakeholder. This particular structure is advantageous for a promoter who doesn’t wish to share ownership rights.


Thus, it can be said that a Pvt Ltd Company is less complex than a Public Company. It’s less costly and takes less time to complete. Also, Pvt. Ltd. Companies supply plenty of legal perks and tax advantages as opposed to other business structures. 

Connect with the legal experts of Vakilsearch today if you want to register your business organisation as a private limited company without any inconvenience.



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