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How Many Types of Pharmaceutical Companies Are There?

From the last few years, Indian pharmaceutical companies saw a positive impact on their operating margins, as they will improve the mix of their products and control their costs, according to trade analysts. Indian pharma companies are also expected to have an improvement in EBITDA margins of 3.4 ppts during FY20-23CL.

The pharma industry contributes to society’s health and well-being by finding, developing, and manufacturing medications. There are many different types of pharma companies, but all of them contribute to improving the health and well-being of society. Pharmaceutical companies come up with unique treatments and medicines in various ways. We will further discuss in this article several types of pharmaceutical businesses and types of pharmaceutical companies in order to give you a better understanding. Pharma companies affect almost the entire global population in some way. 

The Types of Pharmaceutical Products Are as Follows:

Pharmaceutical companies specialized in making a variety of pharmaceutical formulations. Moreover, these formulations are all made up of different fillers, active substances, and additives. Thus, here we explore the most popular pharma products marketed by pharma companies.

  • Novel Drug Formulations
  • Oncological Formulations
  • Parenteral Formulations
  • Topical Medicines
  • Oral drugs
  • Modified release Formulations

It is important to distinguish between the different types of pharma products according to what part of the body they affect. A few examples are as follows:

  1. The digestive system includes proton pump inhibitors, antacids, antiflatulents, laxatives, and antispasmodics.
  2. The cardiovascular system is also treated with antiarrhythmics,  beta-blockers, diuretics, vasoconstrictors, and vasodilators, as well as hemostasis and anticoagulants 
  3. Further, the Nervous system:   antiepileptics, Psychedelics, Anaesthetics, antipsychotics, antidepressants, hypnotics,  barbiturates, and antihistamines.
  4. Immune System: Further, Anti-fungal, Anti-inflammatory, antibiotics, Antiviral, Anti-allergy
  5. Endocrine System:  estrogens, gonadotropin, androgens, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones

What Are the Different Types of Pharmaceutical Companies?

  • Mainline: There are many large drug companies that sell a wide variety of drugs. Furthermore, these established companies, such as Pfizer, have a large number of researchers working for them as well as several manufacturing facilities at their disposal.
  • Research and Development: They are smaller research organizations and pharma companies focusing on R&D. Additionally, they assist larger firms with the observation of clinical trials.
  •  Generic: The expiry of drug patents has made generic drug companies more efficient at mass-producing drugs. Furthermore, they do not focus much on R&D but rather help bring less expensive patent-expired medicines to market.
  • AI ManufacturersThe companies manufacture biomolecules, bulk compounds, and other AIs for pharmaceutical manufacturers. They also manufacture serums, vaccines, and other products.

List of The Top 20 Pharmaceutical Companies in The World

Take a look at the top pharmaceutical companies that are at the summit of their game before COVID-19 puts an undue strain on the industry that cannot be resisted.

Sl No Pharma Company (2019) Growth (% per Quarter) Market Cap ($ billion)
1 Johnson & Johnson 7.5% 372.2
2 Roche 12.7% 239.6
3 Pfizer -6.9% 235.8
4 Novartis 14% 226.3
5 Merck 7.3% 213.3
6 Eli Lilly 9% 133.6
7 Novo Nordisk 17% 132.1
8 AbbVie -14.7% 119.1
9 Amgen -5.9% 116.8
10 Sanofi 3.9% 115.7
11 GlaxoSmithKline 7.2% 105.7
12 AstraZeneca 4.5% 103.7
13 Gilead Sciences 0.3% 81.2
14 Bristol-Myers Squibb -7.9% 78.1
15 CSL 5.4% 65.9
16 Bayer -4.9% 63.4
17 Celgene 37.1% 61.4
18 Takeda Pharmaceuticals  141.8% 53.4
19 Merck KGaA 13% 52.2
20 Allergan 8.1% 48.7

In terms of Medicine Production, Which Country is the Biggest?

There is no doubt that the US is the world’s largest importer of drugs, paying $99.7 billion a year on medicines. Here are the top pharmaceutical companies exporting drugs.

Sl No Top Exporter Money Earned ($) Top Importer Money Spent($)
1 Germany 84.7 billion United States 99.7 billion
2 Switzerland 71.7 billion Germany 53.7 billion
3 United States 49.7 billion Belgium 36.7 billion
4 Belgium 45.7 billion United Kingdom 33.8 billion
5 Ireland  40 billion Switzerland 29.3 billion

Further, here’s a look at the top countries with regards to positive net exports during 2019, i.e., the difference between total exports and imports.

Sl No Country Value
1 Switzerland $26.5 billion (30.9%)
2 Germany $26 billion (7.9%)
3 India $13.7 billion (28%)
4 Ireland $13.6 billion (-23.4%)
5 Denmark $12.3 billion (9995.8%)

Which Is the Biggest Pharma Company in the World?

With a revenue of $53.7 billion in revenue, Pfizer is frequently regarded as the world’s largest pharmaceutical company. Additionally, the company is headquartered in Connecticut and produces a wide range of drugs, including those for immunology, neuroscience, rare diseases, and oncology. Ibrance and Eliquis, two popular medications, were approved by the FDA in 2018. But for the past few years, the company has been losing its brand value. 

The company has also announced that it is working on a COVID-19 vaccine and, according to most experts, will usurp Pfizer soon enough. The company had an annual revenue exceeding $80 billion in 2019, making it the most profitable pharma company in the world.

It is because of this that the company also has the highest brand value of any pharma company, a whopping $10.9 billion, making it the world’s largest pharma company, closely followed by Roche, Pfizer, and Bayer when it comes to their brand value.


Our Vakilsearch team always tries to provide you with enough knowledge, Please leave us your comment below for any help or suggestion.

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