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Rental Agreement in India

A rental agreement is essential for those who are trying to rent properties or seeking a means of habitation in a large metropolis. Read to know more about the rental agreement in India.

A formal contract known as a rental agreement is signed by the property owner and the tenant who wants to temporarily use the property for a specified time. Therefore, the property owner renting out his or her property and the tenant, who is the person occupying/remaining in the rented property until the agreement’s expiration, are the two parties to the Rental agreement.

The essential information about the residential property, the renter, the property owner, the length of the lease, and the amount of rent for the given term are all contained in a rental agreement, which is also known as a rent deed or lease deed.

The leasing agreement is often created on stamp paper and is written down. A formal rental agreement is necessary since it helps to avoid disputes between the renter and landlord. It both prevents the renters from having to cope with any unlawful requests by the landlord and guarantees the landlord’s property’s protection. 

On stamp paper, the rental contract or rental agreement is written. In India, there are two different kinds of rental agreements, one of which is a lease with a minimum term of 12 months. Rent Control Laws established by the State Government regulate this. The other kind is a lease and license contract that lasts up to 11 months and is exempt from rent control laws.

online rent agreement

Contents of a Rental Agreement 

An ordinary rental agreement might contain the following:

  • Names of the renter, landlord, and their representatives
  • Details about the property
  • Rent amount, payment deadlines, grace periods, and late fees are all listed
  • Rent payment method
  • Methods for ending the contract before its expiration date, as well as any fees that may apply
  • Amount and account information for the security deposit
  • Utilities provided by the landlord and how the rent will be calculated if the owner charges for these utilities
  • Facilities on-site that the tenant is permitted to use, such as a pool and security measures
  • Rules and guidelines such as those concerning animals, noise, and the consequences of breaking them
  • Identification of the parking places that are available, including any designated spaces, if any and,
  • How to manage tenant repair requests and how to make emergency requests.

Terms commonly included in a Rent agreement

  • Duration: The time frame during which the lease will be in force.
    Rent is the payment the renter makes to the landlord in exchange for the use of a rental property.
  • Deposits: The amount of any required deposits, the nature of each deposit, and the terms governing its return or modification at the cosion of the rental period.
  • Terms of use: The intended use of the property as well as the rules and regulations governing its use.
  • Utilities: Which ones are paid for by the tenant and which ones are included in the rent.
  • Insurance: This refers to whether or not the tenant is responsible for property insurance; it is most frequently used in business rental agreements.
  • Repairing and maintaining: Landlord or tenant is liable for the upkeep and repairs

Security deposits

In India, the tenant also gives the landlord a security deposit or advance, which must be paid back when the lease is terminated. Typically, it ranges from 2 or 3 months to as much as 10 months of the rent.

The contract is signed together with a security deposit. The landlord may utilise a portion of the security deposit to cover any damages the renter causes to the property, including those to the electrical system, furnishings, and appliances.

At the moment of contract termination, the landlord is required to restore the remaining security deposit to the tenant after subtracting the amount for damages.

How to Execute a Valid Rental Agreement?

The Registration Act, 1908 states that registering the rental agreement in India is required if it lasts for a period longer than 12 months. There is no need to register the agreement, nevertheless, if the term of the rental arrangement is less than 12 or 11 months. In this situation, drawing and signing the agreement on stamp paper will be legally valid. If the agreement’s term is less than a year, it must be printed on paper with a stamp from the Sub-office Registrar of the municipality: where the property is located. 

Documents Required for Registration of Rental Agreement

The following documents must be provided by the landlord, tenant, and witnesses for the rental agreement to be registered:

  • Proof or evidence that the rental property is owned 
  • Property records, such as the tax receipt for the rental property
  • The witnesses and each party’s passport-sized pictures
  • Address the witnesses’ and both parties’ proof like Aadhar, Passport, etc
  • Route diagram for the rental property.                 

Typical Clauses Found in a Rental Agreement

  • Duration: The time frame during which the lease will be in force
  • Rent: Rent is the payment the renter makes to the landlord in consideration for the use of a rental property
  • Deposits: The quantity of any required deposits, the nature of each, and the terms governing its return or modification after the rental period
  • Terms of use: The intended use of the asset as well as the rules and regulations governing its use
  • Utilities: Which ones are paid for by the tenant and which ones are part of the rent
  • Insurance: This refers to whether or not the tenant is responsible for property insurance: it is most frequently used in business rental agreements
  • Repairs and upkeep: The landlord or the renter is in charge of keeping the property in good condition.   

Rental Agreement E-Stamping

The ability to electronically stamp rental agreements is accessible in several states. The parties do not need to purchase a stamp sheet from the office of the Sub-registrar to print the agreement when e-stamping is an option. They can verify if their state offers this service by logging on to the SHCIL website. The parties must print the lease agreement on the e-stamp sheet, attend to the Sub-office, Registrar’s sign it, and have it registered for it to be legitimate and legally binding on them when the rental agreement’s term is longer than 12 months. 

Rental Agreement Types That Are Frequently Used

One of the most popular rental agreements in the country is the tenancy agreement for an 11-month period. This kind of agreement can be extended at the conclusion of its about 11-month duration. Such agreements typically do not require registration due to their brief length.

Long-Term Rental – Long-term leases, which are typically signed for residential purposes and feature a lump sum deposit rather than a rental income payment, are duly recorded and notarized.

Lease of a Business Property – Deeds between businesses and landlords or between two firms are known as commercial leases or agreements. They don’t have a set structure.


Make sure your lease agreement outlines every clause in detail to avoid any misunderstandings. Providing verbal agreements with documented support is always a good practice, regardless of how insignificant it may seem at first. Keep in mind that this is the documentation that would serve as safety for you in the event of a disagreement.

Before signing a rental agreement, if necessary, seek legal advice.  Long-term leases must follow tight rent control regulations, most of which are in the tenants’ favor. The present rental control regulations stop landlords from overcharging renters and shield tenants from arbitrary or unjust evictions.

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