PIL

Public Interest Litigations (PILs) That Changed The Face Of India

A Supreme Court order was reserved on 25th September regarding the refund of cancelled air tickets during the lockdown. Court arguments concluded on a PIL filed by Pravasi Legal Cell seeking refunds for passengers who booked tickets during the lockdown starting March 25.

PIL seeks prescription on CAA-related protests till Supreme Court ruling The populace involvement litigation also sought a direction to all or any high royal court to not take up any CAA-related affair, together with the framing of road map for disallowing any religious or other congregations on the items. PILs That Changed The Face Of India. Public Interest Litigation is an important asset of the modern Indian Legal system. It was one of the recent developments in the age-old judiciary. The PIL system was a very serious upgrade to the system which recognized the efforts of a public-spirited person and tried to protect the interest of the public through the intervention of the court in the administrative functions of the country and various other aspects of the country. The PILL from its initiation in the late 1970s has seen a lot of sensational cases. Cases from high political interests to cases of the environment and human right issues.

The name Public Interest Litigation actually was given in the case of S.P.Gupta v. UOI. PIL has a lot of importance in changing the way India works. Thus, this blog in its entirety will brief some major landmark PILs filed and also will be stating the impact that it created.

Hussainara Khatoon v. Home Secretary, State of Bihar

This case was stated to be a landmark case in India in the 1980s where this case brought into light the plight of the undertrial accused. This was a series of the cases filed by multiple prisoners and have briefly spoken about the undertrial prisoners being in the prison for a period which is more than what they will get if they have got convicted also.

This case helped to create a precedent over the speedy trial and equitable justice for the undertrial prisoners. This one has a special place in the list.

Vishaka vs the State of Rajasthan

This case was initiated by an advocate through Public interest litigation (PIL). This case is the sad story of Bhanwari who was a victim of rape, which occurred to her after she fought against child marriage. Her whole family was boycotted from the village. The criminal case against the accused did not help her to meet the ends of justice. One of the lawyers who were present at the criminal trial of this case filed a PIL in order to help the victim.

This case was the initiating or ignition point for the tremendous implementation of Harassment laws in the workplace. This judgement is a landmark case as it stated the rigid guidelines for a healthy workplace environment for women.

Javed vs the State of Haryana

In this case, the case was filed by the aggrieved party who were unable to contest in the election because of a statute which made any person who has more than 2 children unable to contest in certain posts of the panchayat. This so-called two-child norm was made to give attention to the family planning scheme.

This court spoke about the overlapping provisions of human rights and the problem of population.

M.C. Mehta vs UOI:

This case was against those who were polluting the Ganga river. The case was filed by the notable environmental attorney M.C.Mehta where he fought against numerous industries and cities which mixed the Ganges with effluents and toxic waste. This case caused the court to pass numerous orders against the industries to set up a sewage treatment plant. The cities and towns were also made to follow strict guidelines. Many industries were made to relocate. Thus, this case is considered to be one of the most important cases in the history of PILs.

Parmanand Katara vs UOI

This case makes it to the list of landmark cases because of the number of lives that have been saved after the PIL was made. The case dealt with hospitals which were reluctant to attend accidents and legal cases. The spark was created in the mind of Parmanand after he came to know about the story of a scooterist who met with an accident and was unable to get treatment in the nearby hospitals.

This case made sure that the ultimate goal of the hospital should be saving a life, and not escaping from troubles. The court gave complete freedom to hospitals to attend an emergency case that comes to them without worrying about legal troubles.

S.P.Gupta vs UOI:

In this case, it was held that a lawyer too has a locus standi to file a writ for the Public Interest Litigation. The case was a landmark case in the sense that the constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India, has told that the very interpretation of locus standi have been changed and thus the locus standi over the filing of PIL by lawyers should be accepted. This opened up a plethora of PIL petitions by the advocates.

It is an irresistible fact that the PILs form the basic structural tool for public participation in the varied issues involving the administration or environment and human rights. It is true that there is quite a number of criticism that is kept on the PIL and its ways to mend the judiciary for private interest in the name of public interest. The actual issue is when we look at the number of PILs that have been filed, it is a mere number that has some frivolous intentions.

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