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Provident Fund

Provident Fund -Types and Advantages

Provident fund or PF is like a savings account used to save money that is earned from your salary. Knowing how it works and its types so that you can make the most out of your investment will help you improve your financial status.

What Is the Provident Fund Meaning?

The provident fund is a compulsory retirement savings scheme in India. It was introduced in 1935 and is currently managed by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO). The EPFO administers the Scheme on behalf of the Government of India.

The provident fund corpus is invested in securities and unit-linked insurance products with returns guaranteed by the government. The principal purpose of the provident fund is to provide employees with a regular monthly income during their retirement years.

There are two types of provident funds available to employees in India: basic and enhanced. The basic provident fund provides a monthly pension of ₹ 500 for up to ₹ 6,000 per year, while the enhanced provident fund provides a monthly pension of ₹ 1,000 for up to ₹ 8,000 per year.

The advantages of having a provident fund include: 

– Retirement savings that are tax-effective 

– Regular income during retirement years 

– Minimum initial contribution 

– Wide range of investment options

Types of Provident Funds

There are several types of provident funds, but the two most common are pension and provident fund. Pension funds are special savings accounts that help retired people and their families maintain a comfortable lifestyle in retirement. Provident funds are similar to pension funds, but they are specifically designed to provide an income for individuals when they reach retirement age.

The main advantage of a provident fund over other forms of savings is that the principal can always be withdrawn at any time without penalty. This means that provident funds can provide a substantial income during times of financial hardship. Additionally, provident funds offer tax advantages over other types of savings accounts.

There are a number of different types of provident funds available, so it is important to do some research before making a decision. Some of the most popular provident funds types include the following:

  • Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF)
  • Public Provident Fund (PPF)
  • Industrial Welfare Provident Fund (IW PF)
  • Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Provident Fund

The Advantages of Provident Fund

  • First, the Provident Fund is automatic. This means that you don’t need to do anything to participate, and your contributions are deposited directly into your account each month. 
  • Second, the Provident Fund is tax-free. This means that you don’t have to worry about paying taxes on your contributions, which can be a major advantage over other retirement savings options. 
  • Third, the returns on your contributions are guaranteed. This means that your earnings will always be at least as much as the amount you deposited, no matter how long it takes for the fund to reach its target balance. 
  • Finally, the Provident Fund is growing every day. This means that even if the stock market experiences dramatic changes over time, your retirement fund will continue to grow at a consistent rate.

The PPF calculator on Vakilsearch can help you calculate the investment value of your Public Provident Fund (PPF) and thus reduce your tax liability.

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Who Qualifies for the PF?

The Provident Fund is a government-sponsored retirement savings plan primarily for salaried employees in the private sector. Employees must be at least 18 years old, have at least 1 year of continuous service with the employer, and make a minimum contribution of 8% of their monthly basic salary. The employee can also contribute up to ₹1.5 lakh every year in addition to the monthly contribution.

The benefits of The Provident Fund include: 

  • Tax Relief on Contributions,
  • Interest on Accumulated Contributions,
  • And Social Security Benefits Upon Retirement.
  • The Provident Fund Also Offers a Range of Other Benefits Such As:
  • Accidental Insurance,
  • Maternity Leave,
  • And Education Subsidies.

Investment Schemes

The Provident Fund is a type of investment scheme in India that helps to secure retirement benefits for the employees of private companies. The scheme is operated by the government and is popular with small businesses because it offers a flexible and cost-effective way to save for employee retirement. The main types of Provident Fund schemes are defined benefit, defined contribution, and hybrid schemes. 

The main advantage of using a Provident Fund scheme is that it offers tax-free growth. This means that your contributions will not be taxed at source, which makes the scheme a very attractive option for people who want to save for their retirement. Additionally, the interest earned on your contributions will also be tax-free. 

Another advantage of using a Provident Fund scheme is that it offers a high level of flexibility. This means that you can switch between different schemes as needed without penalty, and you can also change your investments at any time without incurring additional costs. In addition, the scheme offers a range of benefits such as free membership in pension schemes and free lifetime advice from experts. 


If you are considering a retirement plan, the provident fund types and their advantages may be of interest to you. A provident fund is an investment that helps prepare for future financial needs such as retirement. There are five main types of provident funds: compulsory, contributory, voluntary, individual savings account (ISA), and senior citizen savings scheme (SCSS). Choose the right type of provident fund for your needs, and make sure to research each one thoroughly before making a decision. Wondering which suits the best for you? Contact Vakilsearch today for a thorough insight!

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