The Employee Provident Fund, or EPF, is a private sector retirement benefits programme for salaried employees
The Employee Provident Fund, or EPF, is a private sector retirement benefits programme for salaried employees. EPF management is the responsibility of the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO). All firms and organisations with 20 or more employees are subject to the EPF.
Three programmes are under the direction of the Employees Provident Fund Organisation:
- 1952’s EPF Scheme
- 1995’s Pension Scheme
- The 1976 Insurance Scheme.
A fixed percentage of 12% of their basic pay and dearness allowance is contributed to the programme by employees who are covered by the EPF system. The employer must also make an equal contribution to the EPF scheme.The Central Board of Trustees of EPFO sets the EPF interest rates following consultation with the Ministry of Finance. The EPF Interest Rate has been set at 8.1% for FY2022.
The employee would get a lump sum payment upon retirement that would include interest payments, their personal contributions, and the employer’s contributions. However, the employer contribution does not account for the complete 13% of the EPF account. The employee EPF account receives 8.33% of the 12% payment, while the employee pension scheme account receives the remaining 3.67%.
All employees who receive a base salary of less than ₹15,000 per month are required to join the EPF. Once you join the EPF system, you are unable to withdraw from it. Employees are allowed to contribute extra to the voluntary provident fund, up to 100% of their base pay. The employer will not match the donation.
What Is an EPF Calculator?
The EPF calculator shows you a simulation of how much money will accumulate in your EPF account when you retire. Calculations can be made to determine the lump-sum amount, which includes your contribution, the employer’s contribution, and interest that has accumulated on the investment.
You can enter your present age, your basic monthly pay, the dearness allowance, your EPF contribution, and your retirement age up to 58 years in the formula box on the EPF calculator. If you are confident with numbers, you can also input the current EPF balance.The EPF calculator will provide the EPF funds available for retirement after you enter the necessary data.
How Does a Calculator for EPF Operate
Let’s look at an example to better understand how the EPF calculator functions.
Employees’ basic pay plus overtime pay equals ₹14,000
Employees’ EPF contribution equals 12% times ₹14,000, or ₹1,680.
Employer’s EPF contribution equals 3.67% times ₹14,000, or ₹514.
Employers’ share of EPS equals 8.33% times ₹14,000, or ₹1,166.
Employer and employee contributions to the employee’s EPF account total ₹1,680 + ₹514, or ₹ 2,194.
The interest rate for FY 2022–2023 is 8.1%.
Therefore, the monthly interest rate is 8.1% divided by 12 to equal 0.675%.
Assuming the worker began working for Company XYZ in April 2019. For April, there would be a total EPF contribution of ₹ 2,194. The EPF programme will not pay any interest in April.
The total EPF contribution for the month of May is (₹2,194 + ₹2,194). He is given interest of ₹4,388 multiplied by 0.70833%, or ₹31.08.
The calculation is performed in a comparable manner for the subsequent months.
What You Need to Understand About EPF Contributions
- EPF contributions are deducted from more than just your salary. Additionally, your employer must contribute equally each month to your EPF account
- Employees must link their bank account and Aadhaar number to their UAN
- Anyone is eligible to be nominated for an EPF account. In the event of the account holder’s passing, the nominee will pay the account balance
- By sending Form 2 to the EPF department or the finance department of your business, you can modify the candidate
- Your employer’s monthly payment to the Employee Pension Scheme will be about 8.33% of that total (up to ₹ 1,250). (EPS). When you retire and meet certain requirements, this will assist you in receiving a monthly pension
- You will only be permitted to withdraw a portion of the balance from your EPF account, depending on the reason for the withdrawal, if you choose to leave your employment and take your remaining balance with you. Unemployment, retirement, the acquisition of land, the building or renovation of a home, a wedding, schooling, the repayment of a home loan, and medical reasons are a few examples of legitimate justifications
- You may withdraw the entire amount of your EPS account if you are retired and have worked continuously for the previous ten years
- If you haven’t worked continuously for the past ten years, you can only withdraw money from your EPS account in accordance with the slabs determined by your prior salary
- When you change jobs, you are not required to withdraw your EPF contributions or close your account. Just provide the new employer your UAN. The new PF number issued by your new employer will continue to be associated with your current UAN
- By completing Form 13, you must manually transfer the balance of your PF account from your prior workplace to the PF account set up by your new company. Alternately, you can complete Form 11 to have the PF contributions transferred automatically to the new account
- You can monitor the balance of your EPF account, make requests for transfers, check the progress of claims, request withdrawals, and lodge grievances online via the EPFO portal.
Use Vakilsearch’s EPF calculator to find out how much money you have left in your EPF account before you retire.
How to Find Out PF Balance?
Step 1: Go to the government’s Employee Provident Fund portal
Step 2: Choose the location of your PF office (state, regional branch office)
Step 3: Complete the online form by providing your contact information and the EPF account number that is displayed on your payslip.
Step 4: After checking the information provided, submit the form.
Step 5: If all of your paperwork is in order, you will receive an SMS with your EPF balance to your registered cellphone number.
How to Send EPF Money Online
Step 1: The Universal Account Number (UAN), which will not change in the event of a job change, can be used to transfer Employee Provident Fund
Step 2: Complete the EPF member portal’s official registration process
Step 3: Log in after receiving your login information
Step 4: Use the same login information as before to access the Online Transfer Claim Portal and request an EPF transfer
Step 5: You can file your transfer claim online if you are qualified to do so without submitting Form 13
Step 6: Click ‘Request for Transfer of Funds’ and follow the instructions to provide the details of your previous employment
Step 7: Request your present or former employer to vouch for it
Step 8: After entering the information, a PIN will be delivered to your mobile device
Step 9: Track your application using the tracking ID that was issued for you.
Advantages of EPF
- You can name a loved one as your nominee so that they will be eligible to receive the pension or corpus in the case of your passing
- Once you retire, you’ll receive a fixed income
- You are able to invest more than 12% of your monthly basic pay through EPF’s Voluntary Provident Fund
- The Employee Provident Fund also covers life insurance for you
- Both the EPS and the EPF are available when you withdraw from the EPF after retirement
- Under certain clearly defined circumstances, such as a job loss, a wedding, the repayment of a debt, etc., you may withdraw early in the event of an emergency.
Contact our Vakilsearch experts to get out more information regarding PF, withdrawal, and other programmes. We connect you with reputable experts and work together with them to meet all of your legal requirements.