Starting from 5th May, 2020, FSSAI has initiated a series of training programs to create awareness among the hospitality professionals regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. It also aims to gear up the restaurant and hotel players to ensure the safety of their guests in the post-lockdown scenario.
FSSAI or Food Safety and Standards Authority of India is a self-governing body under the Ministry of Health and Welfare. The FSSAI has introduced explicit rules for running a cafe or a restaurant, and a permit should be obtained before opening one. Being consistent with rules is an unquestionable requirement on the off chance that you need to continue running your eatery since FSSAI and other such administrative bodies are winding up amazingly cautious and not meeting the set criteria will mean closing down. To stay away from such circumstances, here is a list of the set FSSAI guidelines for a restaurant business.
FSSAI Guidelines for restaurant business
1. General requirements
A showcase of licenses, notifications, and certificates is essential. If possible, add special instructions for the food being sold by the restaurant. The food supervisor should regularly observe the health standard of the eatery for nutrition dealing with practices. To comply with the FSSAI guidelines, your restaurant must clearly display the essential food safety messages.
2. Crude materials
Get crude materials from dependable and known sellers. Unmistakable decay, off smell, indications of defrosting unfamiliar body ruination must be checked before procuring the materials. Your utilisation of crude materials must be based on the supply practices like FIFO (First in First Out), FMFO (First Manufactured First Out) and FEFO (First Expired First Out). Ensure to get supplies based on the capacity of storerooms with the goal that no incidental tainting or temperature misuse, particularly on account of frozen nourishments, happens.
3. Water and ice
The FSSAI rules explicitly inform restaurant owners to use safe water, that is, water free of contamination, toxins, and chemical threats, even when using ice, as solidifying does not remove poisons from water. To make ice and refreshments, water must be consumable for cleaning, drinking, cooking, and washing hands. Water must be stored in covered, clean compartments with taps for withdrawal and these water holders must be regularly drained, cleaned and dried at the end of the day, and water waste should be appropriately disposed of.
FSSAI has also laid rules for edibles containing excess amounts of salt, sugar, acid or low dampness. Customers must be aware of the ingredients with respect to allergen contents like egg, fish, milk, nuts and so forth. Food must be kept secured and if any uncooked ingredients are added to it, the levels of the same have to be checked and restricted.
5. Preparation and processing
The preparation and processing techniques of FSSAI involve handling or cooking of crude materials in such a way that it kills and lessens the hazards to acceptable levels. The best possible method that guarantees that there is no re-sullying of food must be practised. Non-veg and veg foods must be always kept separate at raw and even after being cooked throughout the cooking procedure.
The food must not be kept at immediate contact with crude or other such materials. Frozen edibles must be defrosted to satisfactory levels before cooking to guarantee the correct preparation method. Cooking oil must not be re-utilised, and whenever fermented foods that are being made at that time ought to be deliberately observed to maintain a strategic distance from the development of pathogens. In-process fixings and crude materials ought to likewise be securely put away to prevent contamination.
6. Processing and preparation of fruits and vegetables
Products of the soil like fruits and vegetables that have been kept away from cross-pollution and have been appropriately moderated must be utilised after the expulsion of parts in poor condition. They must be washed in consumable water before use, ready-made foods grown from the soil must be first purified utilising alkaline water or 50 ppm chlorinated water. Cut fruits and vegetables must be kept in spotless, secured compartments in the refrigerator.
7. Processing and preparation of non-veg foods
Crude meat and prepared meat ought to be avoided from other foods and surfaces to maintain a strategic distance from cross-contamination. Hands must be thoroughly washed when switching from one type of meat to the other. Anti-bacterial items must be used on all the surfaces interacting with crude meat or poultry and solidified items must be defrosted appropriately for enough heat infiltration.
8. Transportation, handling, and storage of prepared food
FSSAI rules stipulate that the means of transportation used to transport prepared food must be hygienic. The delivery time and temperature must be kept steady to prevent microbial proliferation. Separate racks are needed for veg foods and non-veg foods, with cooked food above uncooked. You should keep preserved foods in a cool dry place, fermented and acidified foods in a cool dry place, and food for cold storage spread out in small quantities. Legal, artificial food colouring or enhancing is permitted, and surplus or defrosted nourishment must be discarded.
Cleanliness and hygiene of food handlers are essential to sanitation, according to FSSAI. Wearing unsafe materials like jewels or other physical hazards like straps may harm food items and handlers. Employees should never deal with food when they are contaminated. Clothing should be clean and appropriate, hairnets and gloves must be worn, and outdoor shoes should not be worn while cooking. The washing of hands is an absolute necessity for food handlers, so there should always be clean water, cleanser, and sanitizer available. The handler of food should not smoke, chew tobacco, betel nuts, or gum, spit, sneeze, contact ready-to-eat food items with uncovered hands, or touch food and money at the same time.
10. Distributing or selling units, tools, and utensils
It is important to regularly clean and purify all food utensils to prevent microbial growth. FSSAI rules include appropriately planned and built gear and utensils made from non-permeable food quality material as precautionary measures. It is important to separate raw and prepared food utensils, sanitise reusable utensils and avoid using one-time-use disposable items like straws, paper cups, etc. Dishes that are broken or chipped must be disposed of, and all personal assets should be kept 30 cm away from cooking, selling, and distributing territory.
11. Necessities at the point of sale
Sale is the last in the food business cycle. FSSAI has laid rules for sale with respect to the protection of food from the residue, wind, sun, bugs, etc. Food must not be sold using proper disposal gloves and the point of sale must not be located anywhere near to human and animal waste areas. Consumers should be given salt and sugar in a separate single portion without taking it back to the dispenser.
12. Ambience and surroundings
Edibles must not get polluted because of an unhygienic surrounding. Hence, FSSAI has defined food selling zones to be perfect and dry with an appropriate ventilation system in a breezy situation and not a moist spot. There ought to be no waste accumulations in territories close to edible substances and nobody ought to be permitted to spit or wash hands and so forth close to this territory. Toilets must not open straightforwardly into food handling, place or selling regions. Water waste ought to be appropriately kept separately and any decorations in the restaurant must not contribute to contamination.
13. Waste disposal and pest control
Separate trash bins should be used for disposing of biodegradable, non-biodegradable, fluid and solid leftovers; all waste containers must be regularly cleaned and treated for pests.
14. High-risk food
FSSAI provides separate guidelines for high-hazard food like dairy products, confectionaries, uncooked meat, and sauces. Extra consideration must be taken while storing and preparing food to prevent contamination, spoilage, and heat due to the rise in temperature.
FSSAI is known for being watchful and making a genuine move if and when the rules determined by it are not met. Ensure that you pursue the above-mentioned guidelines to continue maintaining your restaurant business with no legal intrusions!
The Indian restaurant market is one of the fastest-growing markets in the country. According to the National Restaurant Association of India (NRAI)’s India Food Services Report (IFSR) 2019, the current market size is estimated at ₹ 4.23 lakh crore. It is expected to grow at a rate of 9% over the next five years.