Downfall of Real Estate Property Registration Industry?

Here you will learn why the real estate industry is not improving. Is there any risk associated with the real estate business? How to be on the safer side from the risks? Know it here!

In India, until recent times, the enterprise in real estate was all about residential, office, and land. But now, the trend has changed frequently, and there come some unconventional subtypes of real estate in the market. 

Risk in the Real Estate Business

Risk is the only thing that is associated with every business, whether small or large business. So better is to face it, if any.

Traditionally, all types of businesses are little or more wedged by the alteration in market competition, dynamics, preferences of customers, uncertainties, developing technology, and many more.

The real estate business is one step ahead as far as risk is concerned. In comparison to other industries, real estate encounters a huge time lag in the initiation and completion of products.

A developer generally takes almost 3 to 5 years to understand the market, land taking, approvals from the concerned authorities, construction process, and product completion. However, when the developer completes their product furnishing process, the market dynamic alters considerably. 

Emerging Subsets in the Market

In India, until recent times, the enterprise in real estate was all about residential, office, and land. But now, the trend has changed frequently, and there come some unconventional subtypes of real estate in the market.

Co-working spaces, organized warehousing and affordable housing, are a few recent new emerging classes that are making various gossip in the market and also observed growth. 

Some other subclasses like serviced apartments, data centers, REITs, assisted living houses, and student housing are emerging slowly as new assets in the market in India.

For such concepts or theories, there is a good acceptance response, and the developers are also trying to get involved in these fields by doing some experiments. It is not the recent asset classes that are emerging, but there is a complete or significant change in the way of servicing real estate. 

Online strategies are developing and becoming the new, recent and crucial means to attend to real estate.  We are going away from the traditional systems and are relying much on various kinds of data to make some important decisions.

Even though the accessibility of data is a bit questionable in new emerging markets like India in the past few years, there has been more development. It is anticipated that various complicated technologies and equipment like blockchain technology, online transactions etc., are about to enter the market and show their peak in the sector. 

All these things reveal that the real estate industry appears to be at the last stage of its ‘S’ curve, which requires a modification in the approach and extra innovations to roll up again. 

It would not be wrong to say that the market is present in the survival to the fittest mode, and alterations are coming from every direction, whether it is the business environment, customer preferences, or demand dynamics. 

How to Be a Risk Mitigatory?

Portfolio diversification is the best and most well-known strategy that is contemplated as best for risk comfort. As per it, they have a point of view not to put all the eggs in the same tray, and it is applicable for real estate also.

A single person can get diversified in many real estate subclasses such as hospitality, residential, institutions, commercial, hospitals, logistics, retail malls, IT-Parks, etc. However, for such a strategy, there are two possible constraints, I.e., expertise and money. 

To join any new abrupt real estate, it needs a lot of capital with a much-prolonged lock-in time. Furthermore, experts have a crucial role as far as the development of real estate is concerned.  

However, this does not imply that an individual cannot diversify in such a business. One can get diversified within various subclasses.

For instance, a developer of residential ones may develop various specialized housing such as senior housing, student apartment, studio apartment, affordable housing, etc. In today’s scenario, where a king is a consumer, the market should be known well by the mantra.

It is not about building something, and it is only about what can be sold. Adopting recent technologies, business processes, and product differentiation are the new levers that can assist the creator in enhancing the next growth stage in the present market.  

Business Processes: 

As GST Process and RERA are becoming the facts in maximum markets, any creator must assume regulatory obedience incredibly. These developers must be prepared for the changes done with the incoming Act that applies to both existing and future programs.

The development or improvement in the planning of projects will assist various developers in preventing any delays and effectively managing the funds granted for any project. It will be good to consult various experts in the same field to complete the project efficiently and on time.

Such early preparation will eventually provide an edge over boost and rivals of trust of customers. Another region that has more potential is assembling the capabilities of people by engaging them in training and product vision and incentivizing them. 

Value Proposition and Product Differentiation: 

At present, one of the main worries is about compliance, and the developer cannot alter the preferences of customers. The differentiation of the products permits the products to sell in the huge market and earn a premium over the market rates.

Transparency, integrity, superior quality product, excellent services, and corporate governance build trust. Customers prefer such products, and they come to get them, so there is no need to spend a huge amount on marketing. 


As the millennial represents the biggest generation in the crew in the upcoming years, it is expected that there will be a structural change in the way business is performed. The real state should change and revise itself according to the demands and preferences of the technology-based generation. 

Consider a future where the property visit will be done in a room. A builder will build the building as per the customer’s preferences within a week or less and where there is no requirement to visit the court for property registration—accepting various innovative technologies such as sustainability, automation in construction, online marketing, usage of prefabricated material and innovative designs, where the designer or developer can value their engineered products.  

At last, this is the age of survival of the fittest, and we all are required to accept it to survive in the dynamic environment. This is the exact period to give rise to that action, as the real estate industry has not yet attained that majority level in India.

How was the Real estate Revitalization Ecosystem formed? 

You may have heard about RERE. Do you want to know about the reasons that led to the formation of RERE? Let’s explore how the Real Estate Revitalization Ecosystem was formed.

Leveraging Phase, 2011-16

With the limitations on land purchases and the reaching of sectoral lending limits, a new alternative lender was created to intervene. Initially, these consisted of domestic NBFCs, credit-based investment funds (AIFs), and credit-based international platforms. Moreover, the new lenders provided loans at a 5–7% premium over construction finance rates. The project’s cash flow was used to pay back alternative lenders and refinance the debt.

The increase in the alternative lending book was over 3.5 times to $32 billion, growing at 30-35% annually during the period. The dramatic increase aided developers in funding their expansion spree. Developers used the excess money to build land banks, refinance loans and buy back PE funds’ stakes. Crucially, construction finance took a back seat in order of priority for funds deployment.

Because of the easy availability of retail loans and the alluring subvention program developers gave, the surplus liquidity made accessible to developers was also supported by more than healthy sales. Many business entrepreneurs from other industries entered the real estate industry without the necessary training or credentials. This was because of this enabling environment with easy consumer advances, few regulations, and minimal sales risk. The initiatives were developed with support, irrespective of demand or pricing limitations.

The Crisis that began in 2017

The quick changes hindered sales and client inflows through demonetization, RERA, and implementation of the goods and property tax. In addition to raising the cost of doing business, this also resulted in developers losing cash. By the middle of 2018, early RERA orders and IBC litigation had negatively impacted developers’ cash flows. Also, the pace of the building had begun to slacken. Nevertheless, capital from alternative lenders was still accessible for last-mile borrowing and refinancing.

In early 2019, lenders began to feel the effects of the Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services crisis, which had started in September 2018.

Even for sanctioned projects, loans were withdrawn, new loan sanctions ceased, and disbursements were suspended. Not only this, Banks and PE funds began refusing to work with alternative lenders.

This caused developers to be left with under-construction inventory, land banks, and operational and financial responsibilities. Though not impossible, It seemed challenging to service from current cash flows since consumers were delaying progress payments.

Although the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT): receives the most referrals from real estate businesses, the number of resolutions reached is the lowest. This results from difficulties such as giving new capital priority over existing capital, low residual profitability of assets, restrictions on ring-fencing liabilities, and recognition of the customer group as a secured lender and a significant stakeholder in the resolution plan.

Asset reconstruction firms help banks and alternative lenders clean up their books, but the major capital problem still exists. To begin development, the idea still needs additional funding injections. Moreover, reputable organizations would have to take the developer’s shoes. Money won’t solve the issue on its own.

Large sums of money are required to revive these underutilized assets. The BJP government’s plan to establish an AIF of ₹25,000 crores as priority funding for these projects will benefit the industry.

Not only this, it can undoubtedly provide a great deal of relief to homebuyers, lenders, and developers. Nevertheless, a multiple of the pledged capital already in place is needed to fix the issue. With this, India arrived at a resolution named RERE- a big breakthrough in India.


We know that India is improving day by day. It is necessary to know the things that keep India a little slower as far as improvement and development is concerned. The risk is with every business. If you get a vehicle, the risk is that it may meet with an accident.

That doesn’t imply that you can not get a vehicle. Similarly, you have to face the business. There are various ways by means of which you can keep your side safe. The crisis from 2017 onwards has had much impact on the development as far as the business of real estate is concerned. Moreover, Vakilsearch will provide you with much information about the improvements in the real estate business of India. 

Also, Read:


Back to top button


Remove Adblocker Extension