How to Calculate HRA Tax Benefits

Read this blog to know how to calculate the HRA tax benefits in India. This blog will come handy for your future.

The HRA component of a taxpayer’s income is not taxable so long as the taxpayer continues to live in rented accommodation. You may find HRA Exemption Calculators online to help you figure out how much of your HRA will be exempt from taxes. It can also be calculated manually.

New Tax System Salary Reduction Arrangements:-

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman recently announced that a new tax structure would be implemented for Indian citizens. The new approach was introduced alongside the Union Budget for the current fiscal year.

Many things are different now than before the new regime took over. However, under the new rule, many of the deductions and exemptions that were in place under the old system would no longer apply.

One of these is the Housing Rent Allowance (HRA). This means that if you opt for the new tax regime and file your taxes by its regulations, you will not be able to take advantage of the HRA deduction.

How Does HRA Get Calculated?

HRA primarily considers monetary compensation. The HRA (House Rent Allowance) part not subject to income tax is the lesser of the following amounts:

  • First is the actual percentage of HRA salaries.
  • He will receive 50% of his base pay if he resides in Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, or Mumbai and 40% of his income if he resides in any other city.
  • Third, the renter’s accurate payment minus 10% of their regular income.

HRA Tax Advantages:

  • The amount you spend on rent each month shouldn’t be more than 10% of your net income.
  • The HRA budget that your organisation has
  • Minimum wage plus 50% in metropolitan areas, minimum pay plus 40% elsewhere.

Paperwork Required 

Rent receipts with the following details

A signed, dated, and revenue-stamp rent receipt includes the names of the landlord and tenant, their social security numbers, the rental unit’s address, the lease’s length, and the landlord’s signature. If your company’s HR department asks for them, please provide them. The IRS also requires this paperwork if you want to claim an HRA tax exemption under Section 80GG of the Income Tax Act.

PAN Details

Your landlord may request your PAN details and a copy of your PAN if your annual rent is higher than Rs. 1,00,000. If the landlord does not have a PAN card, they must give you a self-attested declaration paper stating the same thing.

Lease Terms and Conditions

Be prepared to show the rental agreement on request.You must supply the same documentation if you rent from a family member like a parent. Additional proof of the financial transactions could include copies of relevant bank statements.

Human Resource Tax Break Calculation Formula

Income Tax Rule 2A governs the procedure for determining HRA exemption. Free from federal income tax under Section 10(13A) is the portion of an employee’s salary that is less than the sum of (a) and (b).

  • The only HRA that counts is the money that makes it to employees’ bank accounts.
  • Fifty per cent of the sum of the base salary and the DA constitutes the HRA for those working in a central metropolitan region. The DA for a non-metro employee is 40% of their base salary.
  • Ten per cent (10%) of gross rent minus gross pay and discretionary allowance.

Remember that your HRA exemption will only apply to the lowest amount that satisfies these conditions.

House Rent Allowance (HRA) is a tax-free monetary allowance given to wage earners to assist with housing expenses. Salaried renters might save money with this deduction. Help provided in the area of human resources may be free from taxation entirely or in part. To help you figure out how much of your HRA is exempt from taxes and how much is subject to payroll withholding, we’ve developed an HRA exemption calculator.

The total amount is subject to taxation if you don’t have a rental obligation but receive a housing allowance.

How Much of My HRA Can I Keep Without Paying Taxes on It?

The IRS may require you to pay taxes on all or part of your HRA. The lowest of the three values below will determine if an item qualifies as tax-free.

  • Positive Effects of Your HRA Program
  • Ten percent of take-home pay minus rent paid
  • If you’re a city dweller, you’ll lose 50% of your starting salary.
  • Forty per cent of the average wage for those living outside large urban areas.

Any unused portion of your HRA will be added to your regular pay. Use our handy online calculator to discover whether or not you qualify for an HRA exemption.

Consider the following as an example:

Raghu now resides in the city of Mumbai.

His annual HRA from the company is ₹1 lakh.

His monthly salary is around  ₹50,000.

He’s just thrown salt in the wound by renting a home that costs him Rs 15,000.

What is the Maximum Tax Benefit he can receive from his HRA?

SI No.  Head Calculation Amount 
1 Actual HRA received from employer  100000
2 Actual Rent paid(-10%) of the salary 15000*12-(10%) 50000*12 120000
3 50% of basic salary 50% (50000*12) 300000
Least of the above  100000

Because of this, Raghu might get a ₹1 Lakh HRA deduction.

Guidelines for Determining Whether or Not an Exception to the HRA Applies

The HRA calculator online may necessitate extra care depending on the situation’s specifics. One possibility is that you own property in a location other than your primary place of residence and employment. There’s also the option of subletting a parent’s spare bedroom. The following are some scenarios where HRA exemption could be applied.

  • One, consider purchasing a second residence in a faraway metropolis.

Even if you do not currently live in the same municipality as your place of employment, you may still be eligible for HRA if you own a primary house in that municipality. You can reduce your taxable income by the amount of your mortgage interest and principal payments. Human Rights Act Exemption Guidelines Section 10 (13A). Both require convincing evidence.

  • The second example is a family member responsible for paying the rent.

The HRA tax credit may be used for an owner-occupied and rental property occupied by family members. If you prove that you’re paying rent to someone else, you can still take advantage of the HRA exemption even if you live at home with your parents.

You will be free from the HRA if you can prove that you are paying rent to your parents (through a rental agreement, bank records, rent receipts, etc.). The property owner, however, is not eligible for this benefit. You cannot use the HRA exemption to acquire a property that your spouse owns.

  • Signing a lease with your significant other

You and your spouse can only claim the HRA deduction once if you pay the rent as a couple. It is possible to file for an HRA exemption independently from the landlord and the tenant if you and the landlord have rent payment receipts from separate sources.

However, duplication may cause issues if verification is requested by the Internal Revenue Service or a state tax agency.

  • Those whose employers don’t contribute to their HRA,

Remember that HRA is a benefit the firm offers willingly. Therefore, not all businesses will provide HRAs as part of their regular compensation packages. If your company does not offer HRA but is still compelled to pay rent, you may be eligible for a tax deduction under Section 80GG of the Income Tax Act. There is a requirement to file Form 10BA.


Other deductions are available to lower taxable income and exemptions like HRA. Deductions can be claimed for various expenses, investments, and savings under the Income Tax Act of 1961.

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