How to obtain a marriage certificate in Tamil Nadu?

Last Updated at: Aug 10, 2020
How to obtain a marriage certificate in Tamil Nadu?
The Coimbatore Registration Department finally issued Manigandan and Surega their marriage certificate on Valentine’s Day, 2020. Surega, a transwoman, has been struggling to get the marriage registered ever since they got married in February  2018. Their marriage has been registered under the Tamil Nadu Registration of Marriages Act, 2009. 


While post-wedding photoshoots and celebrations are important, don’t forget to make time for registering your marriage legally and if you are planning an international honeymoon or intend to move abroad with your spouse, make sure you apply earlier so as to obtain a spouse visa.  Hence, while spending time with your loved one is crucial for a good marriage, make sure you don’t overlook or delay this one process as it ensures that your wedding stands valid in India. Here’s a look at everything you need to know about obtaining a marriage certificate in Tamil Nadu.

Why Register?

A marriage certificate is an essential and crucial legal document that gives a legal and valid definition of the relationship between two partners. Furthermore, it is also commonly used as a proof of marriage while applying for various other documentation such as:

  1. Partner visa for spouse
  2. Adding your spouse’s name to your passport, bank account or Aadhar card
  3. While changing your maiden name
  4. While claiming life insurance return

Documents Required

    • Proof of address
    • Proof of age
    • Affidavits in a prescribed format
    • Individual photographs
    • Certificate from the priest
    • One wedding photo
    • Wedding invitation card copy
    • Certificate of conversion, death certificate or divorce certificate if applicable
    • As per the Christian Marriage Act, the reference number, dispatch number and Church Certificate are also required to complete the process
    • Two witnesses who have a valid proof of residency and identity

Get Your Marriage Registered

Conditions and Eligibility

In Tamil Nadu, every marriage is certified and registered as per:

  • Tamil Nadu Marriage Act, 2009
  • Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
  • Special Marriage Act, 1954
  • Christian Marriage Act, 1872

All of these are legally valid and which Act you choose to validate your marriage legally depends on the religion you follow and the circumstances leading up to your wedding. To constitute a legitimate marriage as per the Acts mentioned above, here are the conditions you need to meet:

  1. Both the groom and bride must be above the age of 21 and 18 respectively.
  2. Both must give their consent to the wedding freely and voluntarily.
  3. Neither the groom nor the bride should have another legal, living spouse.
  4. The marriage must be solemnised in front of a licensed government official and at least two other, reliable witnesses.

Which Marriage Act?

  • Any new marriage which was conducted not before 150 days can be registered under the Tamil Nadu Marriage Act irrespective of the religion of the bride and groom.
  • A marriage which is older than 150 days can only be registered as per the Hindu Marriage Act or Special Marriage Act, and this certification is based on the religion of the bride and groom.
  • The Hindu Marriage Act works only if both the husband and wife are:
  1. Hindus
  2. Buddhists
  3. Jains
  4. Sikhs
  • If either spouse is of a different religion than the ones stated above, then those individuals may find the Special Marriage Act to be more suitable and applicable.
  • Hence, the Special Marriage Act works for inter-religion marriages while the Christian Marriage Act may be used to register all Christian weddings as the name suggests.

How To Register Marriage?

  1. Locate a registrar or sub-registrar office near your vicinity.
  2. You may also search online to find which office you are eligible for by law.
  3. The registrar is fixed depending on whether he or she was present to solemnise the marriage or sometimes because it was within their jurisdiction that either of the spouses resided for over six months.
  4. Apply either offline, by going directly to the office or online.
  5. Submit the application form online.
  6. Visit the registrar on a specially delegated date to complete the process.
  7. When you visit the premise, the registrar shall verify the documents you have uploaded and submitted.
  8. Following successful verification, the marriage registration process will be deemed complete.

As per the Special Marriage Act, both spouses are required to provide a 30-day interim period wherein the registrar office will display their marriage notice so that if someone objects, they can raise the issue before the pair get officially married. Following this period, if no objections are raised, the marriage is registered.

Court / Civil Marriage

If you wish to travel abroad soon after the wedding and hence require a spouse visa, you can choose to get married in the court before your actual wedding so that the registration process gets speeded up significantly. Usually, these happen after the engagement and before the real wedding. Following this, the partner is free to file for a spouse visa.

  1. Notify the registrar about the impending marriage
  2. Either spouse should have lived in Tamil Nadu for a minimum of 30 days
  3. The registrar puts up a marriage notice in their office.
  4. If there is no objection from anyone, the marriage is formalised.
  5. This happens at the registrar office and requires the attendance of at least three witnesses.
  6. The marriage certificate registration costs Rs. 100/- and solemnisation usually costs Rs. 150/-

If the online registration is complete, obtain the Marriage Certificate by clicking the following link


A lawyer with 14 years' experience, Vikram has worked with several well-known corporate law firms before joining Vakilsearch.