Income Tax benefits: Life insurance policy and medical insurance policy By DHARANI KUMAR - January 6, 2020 Last Updated at: Dec 01, 2020 2027 The Central Government had announced an increase in its contribution from 10 per cent to 14 percent to the NPS Accounts of its employees from the last financial year. Under the new limit, a Central Government employee can claim the entire employer’s contribution of 14 percent as a tax deduction under section 80CCD(2). Thus, the entire 14 percent contribution made by the Central Government to NPS is now deductible from taxable salary If your family is dependent on your income, it’s always recommended to purchase a life insurance or health insurance policy to cover your life. The insurance policy will not make up for the emotional loss, but it will surely shield your family from financial burden. There are numerous insurance policies for different categories based on age group and gender. While you choose a plan, it is important to understand the taxability on insurance cover because you enjoy income tax benefits on your insurance policy. Sections under which you can claim tax deduction Under section 80C (along with deduction u/s 80CCC & 80CCD), a taxpayer can claim total deduction up to Rs. 1,50,000 for that financial year/assessment year. Under Section 80D, a maximum of Rs 25,000 is allowed in case of medical insurance premium payment or payment made for a preventive health check-up. This is for the benefit of the assessee or his/her spouse or his/her dependent children. Additional deduction of Rs.25, 000 is available if the medical insurance taken in the name of a senior citizen. On e-filing income tax returns, the taxable income is arrived only after making all deductions under section 80C to 80U from Gross Total Income (GTI). That is, Taxable Income = Gross Total Income – Tax deduction u/s 80C to 80U File Your ITR Now Important things to know before claiming deductions under section 80C to 80U Under chapter VIA (u/s 80C to 80U), no deductions shall be allowed from the following income: Long term capital gains Short term capital gains covered under section 111A Money from winning lotteries, horse race, etc., (Section 115BB) Income covered under sections 115A, 115AB, 115AC, 115AD, 115BBA and 115D. The total deduction claimed cannot exceed the Gross Taxable Income (GTI) that year. Under section Section 80C, an individual or Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) can claim tax deductions on the following Life Insurance Premiums Investment in Public Provident Funds Investment in National Savings Certificate (NSC) Tuition fees of any of his/her two children Repayment of principal amount on Home loan Senior Citizens Saving Scheme Post Office Time Deposit Scheme 4. Who can avail of tax deductions under section 80C? In the case of an individual, the tax deduction is available on the insurance policy taken in the name of a taxpayer or his/her spouse or his/her children. In the case of HUF, the tax deduction is available on the insurance policy taken in the name of any of the family members in the HUF. No deduction can be claimed in the name of any person other than the persons mentioned above. 5. What is the Minimum Holding Period to Claim Deduction: There are minimum holding period for certain investments and deposits to claim deductions u/s 80C For ULIP of UTI or LIC – Minimum holding period of 5 years. Life Insurance Policy – Minimum holding period of 2 years Senior Citizens Saving Scheme or Post Office Time Deposit – Minimum holdings period of 5 years Note: In case of withdrawal of the Senior Citizens Saving Scheme or Post Office Time Deposit before the completion of the minimum holding period of 5 years, the amount withdrawn will be taxed in that year. What are the restrictions? There are certain restrictions on tax deductions with respect to the capital sum assured based on the date of issue of policy. 20% tax deduction on policies issued on or before 31 March 2012. 10% tax deduction on policies issued on or after 01 April 2012. 15% tax deduction on policies taken on or after 01 April 2013. It is in the name of any person suffering from a disability or severe disability. It is referred to as Section 80U or suffering from disease as given in Section 80DDB. Under Section 80C, a taxpayer makes a deduction on any contribution. It can be towards statutory provident fund or recognised PF or superannuation fund or public provident fund (PPF). Important things to know before claiming deductions under section 80D: U/s 80D, an individual or a HUF can claim deductions on the following things: The medical insurance premium paid by the taxpayer (an individual or a HUF) by any mode other than cash. Any contributions made by the taxpayer (an individual) to the Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) or any such scheme notified by the central government. A sum paid by the taxpayer (an individual) on the account of preventive health check-up. Medical expenditure incurred by the assessee, being an individual/HUF on the health of a senior citizen person provided that no amount has been paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of such person. Who can avail tax deductions under section 80D? In case of an individual, the income tax deduction is available on the medical insurance policy. But it has to be taken in the name of a taxpayer or his/her spouse or his/her dependent children, his/her parents. In case of HUF, the tax deduction is available on the medical insurance policy in the name of any of the family members in the HUF. For medical expenditure, the deduction is allowed only when it is incurred on the health of senior citizens. “Senior citizen” is a person who is a resident in India at the age of sixty or above. No deduction can be claimed in the name of any person other than the persons mentioned above. Limitations on the amount of deduction under Section 80D: For an Individual, Maximum limit up to Rs.25,000 – In case of medical insurance premium payment or payment made for a preventive health check-up for the benefit of the assessee or his/her spouse or his/her dependent children. The maximum limit up to Rs.25,000 – In case of medical insurance premium payment or payment made for a preventive health check-up for the benefit of parents of the assessee. Maximum limit up to Rs.25,000 – Any monetary contribution made towards the Central Government Health Scheme or any scheme notified by the Central government for the benefit of the assessee, his/her spouse, dependent children. Rs 50,000 in aggregate in respect of medical expenditure incurred on the health of assessee, himself, his/her spouse or dependent children or parents. [This deduction is available if the amount is paid for the benefit of a senior citizen and no amount has been paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of such person.] For a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), The total tax deduction cannot exceed Rs.25,000, in aggregate, in respect of medical insurance premium payment made on the health of any member of HUF. The above-mentioned limit will be increased to Rs.50,000 in the following conditions: When the medical insurance premium paid in respect of any senior citizens. When medical expenditure is incurred on the health of a senior citizen person if no amount is paid in respect of the health insurance of such person. Conclusions: Tax deductions are not only available for investments but also for specified expenditures incurred by the taxpayers. In order to claim tax benefits, do mention the total deductible amount in the relevant column while filing ITR.