The introduction of the Goods & Services Tax (GST) will please most Indian businesses. It tremendously simplifies matters for any business that has to deal with VAT, CST, Octroi, Service Tax and even a few other taxes (pretty much all Indian businesses).
The Goods and Services Tax is a new taxation system that will, under its umbrella, cover the whole lot of indirect taxes that were being levied by the government. GST will be imposed at the time of consumption, and the net tax will be calculated after accounting for all the taxes paid on input, just as in the case of VAT.
The idea behind GST is to bring all businesses, freelancers and consultants under a single tax system, whether they sell goods or services.
GST Activation Drive
On November 4, the GST council finalised the GST rates. Yes, rather than a single rate, the council has decided to introduce four slab rates. The GST rate structure will, therefore, be divided into four slab rates (5%, 12%, 18% & 28%). Rates on Gold, 1% under the VAT regime, are yet to be decided, but will likely be on the low side. Alcohol, cigarettes and other ‘sinful’ items are likely to be those taxed at 28%.
GST Eligibility Criteria
Any business that “supplies” goods or services over a value of Rs. 25 lakh (Rs. 10 lakh in North Eastern states). Remember that the GST is levied on supply, not sales. Therefore, stock-taking, discounts and freebies also come under the GST net. Even those supplying non-taxable goods and existing dealers must also register for GST. However, all dealers already registered under VAT, Service Tax Registration, etc. will get provisional registration automatically. Also, business making sales to other states must register for GST, regardless of turnover.
The range of firms covered under GST include dealers, bloggers, and writers, earnings from Google AdWords through PayPal, import-export businesses, all kinds of startups and companies, whether they are LLPs, proprietorships, partnerships or private limited companies.
One can also apply voluntarily for GST registration to enjoy input tax credit (which would allow for adjustment of tax paid to suppliers).
Documents Required for GST Registration
The list of documents required for registration of GST for various business are as follows:
PAN Card of proprietor and address proof of the individual.
PAN Card of LLP
Partners’ names and address proof
Private Limited Company:
PAN of Company
Articles of Association
Memorandum of Association
Resolution signed by board members
Identity and address proof of directors
The online registration of GST is simple and straightforward and is similar to what is done for service tax registration.
1. Go to the GST registration portal and fill in the details/particulars asked in the application
2. Upload the original scanned copies of all documents specified. The application needs to be printed and sent to the GST department for confirmation.
3. When you submit the application after filling in all the necessary details, an acknowledgment number will be generated, and the same will be communicated through SMS and email.
4. After verification of the documents, the application will be reviewed and accepted.
5. A GSTIN will be generated on acceptance of the application and a temporary password and Login ID will be sent. GSTIN is a unique 15-digit ID.
6. GSTIN will be one unique identification for your business.
Understand your GSTIN
The 15-digit GSTIN or the unique identification number provided on GST registration carries some significant details on it.
1. The first two digit of the GSTIN are the STATE CODE
2. The next ten digits (3 to 12) is your PAN NUMBER
3. The 13th digit is the ENTITY CODE and will be assigned to the type legal entity you are registering under. Thus, if your application (with a particular kind of legal entity) is second in the state, the 13th digit would be ‘2’. It is again a state-based number.
4. The 14th digit is left BLANK at present, to be filled at a later stage, by the deciding authorities.
5. The 15th digit is a redundancy CHECK DIGIT used to provide Unique identification and for providing accuracy.
CGST & SGST
GST will have a central component (Central Goods and Services Tax or CGST) and a state component (State Goods and Services Tax or SGST). Therefore, centre and state will levy GST on all entities. Credits on CGST and SGST are to be kept apart completely. Input tax credit on CGST may only discharge CGST liability. The same goes for SGST.
How will Inter State Transactions Be Taxed?
Inter-state transactions will attract the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST), to be levied by the centre. Of course, the seller will have to pay the amount after adjusting any IGST, CGST and SGST (in this order) credit available.
Exports under GST
No tax will apply on exports of goods or services. Input tax credit will remain and be made available to exporters as a refund.
Imports under GST
Goods and services imported into the country will simply be treated at inter-state supply. IGST will, therefore, be levied on imports. A complete set-off will be available on GST paid on imports.
If you have any doubts regarding GST then please visit our GST help portal at https://vakilsearch.com/gst-india/gst-india-index and submit your requirement and our team will get back to you immediately.