GST Compliance to be Followed During Export

Last Updated at: Jan 22, 2021
GST compliance to be followed during export
Exports have been granted a beneficial treatment even under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) legislation. In terms of the GST legislation, exports are ‘zero-rated supplies’ i.e. supplies on which the GST rate is fixed as ‘zero’.


To provide relief to businesses troubled by the COVID-19 scenario, the Govt. has unleashed a number of measures. In one such relief for exporters, the last date for filing annual claims under the Service Exports from India Scheme (SEIS) has been extended from 31st March, 2020 to 31st December, 2020.


GST is applicable only on those goods and services whose consumption is done within India and hence goods exported should not be taxed. Even the general principle on which the tax law works is that tax should not be exported and hence under the new indirect tax regime. i.e., GST goods exported are considered to be a zero-rated supply.

Zero-rate supply means a tax-free supply of either goods or services and the person exporting the goods will be able to claim a refund of the amount of tax paid while exporting. For the export of services, it is important that the payment is received in Convertible foreign exchange to treat such supply of services as an export.

Under the IGST Act, the export of goods means taking of goods out of India to a place outside India and covers supply made to SEZ units. However, to claim a refund on the export made, the person should be a registered person under GST. The refund can be claimed or availed through two means:

    • The person exporting can either do so under a bond or by submitting a letter of undertaking without the payment of Integrated tax and he/she may claim a refund of the unutilized ITC or
    • He/she can export goods or services or both by paying the integrated tax and then claim the amount of tax paid.

Make Your Business GST Ready

Documents required while claiming the refund

  1. A copy of the Invoice
  2. Copy of returns to prove the payment of duty
  3. Documents for proving that the burden of tax payment has not passed
  4. Any other relevant document

Refund Procedure

In case of the zero-rates supplies, the person concerned is not required to file a separate refund application (GST-RFD-1) as the shipping bill that the exporter files act as a refund claim in itself. For the purpose of treating shipping bill as a refund application two conditions need to be satisfied:

  • An export manifesto to be filed by the person carrying the goods.
  • The person claiming a refund should have filed return GSTR-3 and GSTR-3B correctly.

On complying with the above conditions, the department will process the refund.

Mandatory Requirement and Steps to be followed during Export 

  1. GSTIN should mandatorily be mentioned on the shipping bill where the goods exported attracts GST for domestic clearance.
  2. When the export is done by the specialized agencies then the exporter instead of GSTIN can mention Unique Identity Number on the shipping bill.
  3. For goods wholly exempted under the GST regime or outside the purview of GST, in such cases mention PAN (Import Export Code).
  4. Shipping bill would not be admissible in case the person fails to mention GSTIN/UIN/PAN.
  5. When there are multiple tax invoices on the same GSTIN number, then in such cases the invoice will be allowed on one shipping bill for the same consignee.
  6. Further, the refund of IGST or ITC on the inputs that were consumed on the goods exported would not be processed without a GSTIN and GST invoice details on the shipping bill.
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In case there is a commercial invoice, it should be mentioned in the shipping bill and where a commercial invoice and a tax invoice is different, both will be separately mentioned on the shipping bill.

  1. For the refund, taxable value and the amount of tax should be mentioned in the bill against each item.
  2. On the column of State of Origin, write the code of the State from where the export goods originate.
  3. GST RFD-11 is to be filed where goods are exported without the payment of IGST.

(Rule 96A of the Central Goods and Services Tax Rules, 2017)

  1. For a person who is a status holder or has received convertible foreign exchange @10% of the turnover or a minimum of Rs1 crore in the last financial year and has not contravened the provision of law can instead of bond submit LUT.
  2. In case, where the bond is filed:
  • It should be on a stamp paper (non-judicial). Value of the stamp paper will depend on the state it is furnished. Bank guarantee of not more than 15% of the tax involved.
  • Bond should mention the amount of tax liability of the exporter which would an estimated amount that the exporter would have calculated.

Where the conditions of export have not been complied by the exporter, he/she would be liable for consequential interest and Tax and the LUT or Bond would then become in-operative and would be operative on fulfilling the required procedure.

A lawyer with 14 years' experience, Vikram has worked with several well-known corporate law firms before joining Vakilsearch.