Global Copyright and Copyright Notice: What is its Importance By Admin - May 29, 2020 Last Updated at: Feb 02, 2021 1633 The music industry in India is losing about Rs200 crore in revenues annually as short-video apps bypass payments and access libraries of music labels illegally. This was revealed by the Digital Music Study 2019 , prepared by the Indian Music Industry (IMI). Are you a content creator? Do you have a music video that you want to put up on the digital platforms? Do you want to publish your piece of original work? Well, go ahead and do that. But before that, did you claim the Global Copyright for your work? If not, then that should be your priority. Wondering what is a copyright? It is legal protection granted to the creators for their work published in a tangible form. It provides specific rights to the owners of the work. You must also know the importance and goals that it caters to. Goals of copyright Global copyright International treaties for copyright Duration and public domain of copyright Types of rights under copyright Goals of copyright The major goals of copyright include: Encouragement of cultural and scientific development for innovation. Provision of financial benefit to the owner of the work. Facilitation of access to knowledge and entertainment sources for the public. The copyright is an intellectual property, which develops a relationship between the right holders and the content consumers. Along with copyright, trademarks and patents are also a part of the intellectual property. Global copyright There is no international copyright law. Every country has its own legal regulations for copyright provision. However, to integrate the copyright issues and registration across the globe, a provision is made by WIPO. Additionally, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) administers the Berne Convention, of which 180 countries across the globe, are a part. Moreover, it aims at harmonizing copyright protection among countries and has a set of minimum standards that work around the world. Further, it solves the issue of the employees working in separate countries and creating content across the borders. International treaties for copyright The countries have signed several international treaties for copyright protection globally. Under these treaties, the signatories implement the copyright according to the limitations of their country laws. The various international copyright treaties include: Berne convention It is one of the most important and oldest treaties across the globe. They signed it in 1886, with many amendments to date. It involves over 180 signatories. It has established minimum protection standards, which include: Types of works under copyright protection Duration for protection Limitations Exceptions National treatment: Under this, the signatory grants the same rights to individuals from other countries as they do to their nationals. Automatic protection: Under this, the government automatically provides copyright to the individual if the work is in a tangible form. get legal advice WHO copyright treaty The government signed it in 1996. Further, it provides clarity that you can protect the computer programs and databases under copyright. Likewise, under this, it states that it protects the work over the internet under copyright. Additionally, the copyright infringement under this includes: If anyone removes work from the management information. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS): The governments signed it in 1996. Additionally, the World Trade Organization (WTO) administers this agreement. Moreover, it grants several provisions to enforce the rights of intellectual property. Duration and public domain of copyright Once you know what is a copyright, you must know that it is not valid for eternity but a certain term. Moreover, the duration of the copyright for the work varies from one country to the other, on the conventions and the type of work. However, the copyright protection for the work lasts for life plus 70. Likewise, Life plus 70 means the lifetime of the owner and 70 years after their death. This duration can essentially vary according to the country. Also, under the Berne Convention, the duration is life plus 50. Once this term is over, the work is under the public domain. But what is the public domain of copyright and the work? The public domain for work means: After the expiration of the duration, it is no longer under copyright protection. The works which are not protected and registered for copyright. The definition of a public domain for the copyright of the original work varies according to every nation. Types of rights under copyright According to copyright laws, there are mainly two types of rights under copyright. These include: Moral rights These rights are a representation of the personality of the owner. Moreover, you cannot transfer these rights to a third party and in some countries, they don’t even expire. Economic rights They define the rights of use of the work for the owner. It allows the owner, for instance, to sell, reproduce, or lend their original work according to their wish. Conclusion In brief, while understanding and registering for copyright, the rightsholder needs to understand every aspect. Therefore, this allows them to get better protection for their work under the various conventions and copyright laws as listed by the government.