Differences between DSC and DIN in India  

Last Updated at: May 26, 2020
Differences between DSC and DIN in India
One does not need to visit the corporate office for registration as it can be done while sitting at home. The registration includes Digital Signature Certificate(DSC), Director Identity Number(DIN) and filing for an e-form.


In the present era, technology is advancing with every passing day. However, people are under a constant sense of fear. We all have our privacy concerns. Even the minutest of details are somehow not private anymore. Such cases need to be dealt with carefully and wisely in order to safeguard privacy.

With the advent of technology, we live in an era, wherein we are under constant threat of having our privacy encroached upon. From our everyday life moments to our bank details, everything about us is under constant threat of being exposed. It is needless to mention that with such a threat to our privacy circling every moment of our existence, it has become pertinent to make wise decisions.

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Digital Signature Certificate

Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) can be understood with focus to two key areas, viz., Digital Signature and Digital Signature Certificate. As the term suggests, digital signature is the electronic form of a signature of a particular individual. Signatures constitute an important aspect in our life and are used almost everywhere.

For instance, the most common example that can be given for digital signature is the signature that is put in an employee’s/a student’s ID card.

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Digital Signature Certificate, on the other hand, refers to the certificates that are equivalent to the physical certificates. The most recent instance is the validation of the driver’s licence by the Government. Through DSC one can authenticate one’s own identity. The most common use of DSC can be said to be the establishment of a secure email or web-based transaction. It also includes e-tendering documents, to access membership-based websites etc.

The major advantage is that the savings on both cost and time along with the authenticity of the data.

Legally, a digital signature has to be used by the entities who wish to get their accounts audited and verification of GST application by the same for their registration. On that note, it is pertinent to mention that the Ministry of Corporate Affairs requires that companies should file their reports, applications or forms using digital signature.

Director Identification Number

A director of the company assumes greater roles and as such is responsible for the company’s management. On the director of a company, rests the whole trust and confidence. However, on account of various frauds on the part of the Corporates and the one which still is imprinted fresh in the memory, i.e., India’s Enron, it was felt that fraudulent activities as such need be checked.

In order to make sure that the Director of a company is not involved in any fraudulent acts, Director Identification Number has been brought into existence by an Amendment to the Companies Act in the year 2006. Section 266A to Section 266G deals with the provisions as to DIN. The DIN describes the identity of a person and as per the Company law, it is mandatory for a director to acquire that eight-digit number.

Difference between DSC and DIN

The three major points of distinction between DSC and DIN are,

  1. First, every citizen in India, with the advent of digitalisation, possesses at least some or the other DSC’s. For instance, a driving licence. But, DIN is required to be acquired only by those who are either director of a company or intend to be one. So, one major point of difference between DSC and DIN is that DIN is mandatory on the part of a Director of a company whereas, DSC is not a mandate on anyone as these are merely digital equivalent to the physical documents.
  1. It can be obviously inferred from the above-mentioned that DIN has to be issued only to a director whereas a DSC can be issued to anybody, even the Director of a company.
  1. As their very full forms suggest, DSC is a certificate used to authenticate one’s identity whereas, DIN is the identification number given to a Director in order to ensure that one is keeping with the responsibility that one has assumed.

As a conclusion, it can be said that all laws are in order to protect and further strengthen the rights of our citizens. We have seen two such examples. One, DSC which has not only helped in the development of technology but has also ensured that our citizens be vigilante and is not limited by any obstacle.

And, the other is DIN which protects the trust and the confidence that is imposed on the supreme head of a company. What is required is its effective usage and a consistent check on both.

There are laws for the protection of privacy. Privacy is the right of every citizen. DSC helps in developing useful technology in an ethical fashion. DIN helps to maintain the trust in the head of the company. Both DSC and DIN play significant roles in privacy protection.