Court Marriage Procedure in India in 6 Easy Steps & Court Marriage Forms

Last Updated at: Jul 06, 2020
Latest Update

The Delhi High Court will hear a plea seeking a common minimum age of marriage for men and women on February 19, 2020. Meanwhile, the court had asked the Central government and Law Commission of India to file their responses to the PIL filed by advocate Ashwini Upadhyay in October 2019.

Court Marriage Procedure In India In 6 Easy Steps & Court Marriage Forms

हिंदी में जानकारी के लिए यहां क्लिक करें

Ms. Shilpi Saha, a resident of Baghbazar, Kolkata did court marriage recently. Initially, she was confused and was thinking of the hassles. But with few clicks on the mouse, she came to know that court marriage in India is not as complex as we perceive. Like Ms. Saha, many of you want to know how a court marriage is done. What is the court marriage procedure? Here, we will let you know about all these.

The court marriage procedure is common across India. However, it can be solemnized between two parties who are interested to get married by the Special Marriage Act, 1954. Moreover, the Act provisions for marriage by civil ceremony between parties belonging to the same or different religions. However, if you choose court marriage as the way of getting married, you will be free of high charges, rituals, big ceremonies. Above all, court marriages are done simpler, better, and in the most cost-effective way. Therefore, you can save this money for your future life or can do any favour for people in need. Let us look into the detailed six court marriage procedure in India.

To know how to do court marriage, and court marriage process, read this blog. –

In the below blog, you will be able to know more about the eligibility, conditions, and procedure that a court marriage follows, for instance. Moreover, you will be able to view the application forms & a few FAQs about court marriages.

Below you’ll find the list of essential and start-up friendly services, for instance, how to apply for a food license, time is taken for trademark registration or procedure for Udyog Aadhaar registration and so on.


Court Marriage Procedure (1)


    Clear All Your Doubts With Us

    Conditions for Court Marriage:

    Chapter II, Section 4, states that certain conditions are required for entering into such a marriage. They are:

    1. Previous marriage validation: Neither party should have a living husband or wife. Therefore, any previous marriage should no longer be valid.
    2. Valid Consent: Both parties should be competent to give valid consent. Moreover, the parties should be capable of speaking their mind and entering into a marriage of their own will.
    3. Age: The male must have completed 21 years and the female 18 years of age.
    4. Fit for Procreation: Neither of the party should be unfit for procreation of children.
    5. Prohibited Relationship: Parties should not be within degrees of the prohibited relationship as provided in Schedule I. However, if the customs and traditions of the religion of any one of the parties permit so, then it shall be valid.

    Court Marriage Procedure

    Read more about the Purpose of Marriage Registration

    Steps for Court Marriage:

    1st step: Notice of Intended Marriage
    2nd step: Publication of Notice
    3rd step: Objections to Marriage
    4th step: Signing of Declaration
    5th step: Place of Marriage
    6th step: Certificate of Marriage

    STEP 1: Notice/Application of intended marriage

    Accordingly, to be married in court, the marriage officer of the district must first be informed of the intention to marry.

    Who must give notice?
    However, a notice in writing is to be given by parties to the marriage.

    To whom should the notice be given?
    The notice is given to the marriage officer of the district in which at least one party must have stayed for 30 days immediately before the date when the notice is served. For example, if a bride and groom are in Delhi but wish to register their marriage in Mumbai, then at least one of them must travel to Mumbai, 30 days before the intended date and live there until the date of the marriage. The marriage registration will take place in Mumbai if the condition is fulfilled.

    Likewise, you can register your marriage in Maharashtra, Bihar, Chandigarh, Thane or any other cities in India, through Vakilsearch. Vakilsearch helps you to clearly fetch your marriage certificate with hassle-free moves.

    Online Marriage Registration

    What is the format of the notice?
    The notice must be as per the format provided in Schedule II of the act with documents attached as proof of age and residence. Additionally, see below or click here for downloadable format.


    To the Marriage Officer of the __________ District.

    We hereby give you notice that a marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954, is intended to be solemnized between us within three calendar months from the date hereof.

    Name: ____________

    Condition: _____________

    Occupation: _____________

    Age: ________________

    Dwelling place: ___________________________________________________________________

    Length of residence: _______________________________________

    Permanent place of residence: _____________________________________________________

    Groom’s Name (Choose One):
    1. Unmarried
    2. Widower
    3. Divorcee

    Bride’s Name (Choose One):
    1. Unmarried
    2. Widow
    3. Divorcee

    Witness our hands this ____________ day of 20__
    (Signed) Groom
    (Signed) Bride

    STEP 2: Publication of Notice

    Who publishes the notice?
    The marriage officer of the district to whom the notice has been served publishes the notice.

    Where is the notice published?
    At a conspicuous place in the office and one copy in the office of the district where the other party permanently resides (if any).

    STEP 3: Objections to Marriage

    Who can object?
    Any person, of course! Any person can raise objections to the marriage based on the grounds listed in Chapter II, Section 4 of the Act (see above). If the objections have little to do with any of the factors mentioned above, then the objection will be of no consequence. However, in most cases, the marriage officer would need to examine the objection.

    To whom the objection is raised?
    To the marriage officer of the concerned district.

    What are the grounds of objection?
    Any one of the conditions stated above and specified in Chapter II, Section 4 of the act.

    What are the consequences, if objection(s) are accepted?
    However, the marriage officer must, within 30 days from the date of the objection, make inquiries and if the objections are found to be true, the marriage cannot be solemnized.

    What is the remedy in case objection(s) have been accepted?
    An appeal can be filed by either party.

    To whom is the appeal filed?
    The district court within the local limits under the jurisdiction of the marriage officer.

    When can an appeal be filed?
    Any time within 30 days from the date of refusal to solemnize a marriage.

    STEP 4: Signing of the Declaration

    Who has to sign the declaration?
    Both parties and three witnesses (in the presence of the marriage officer). It will also be countersigned by the marriage officer.

    What is the content and format of the declaration?
    It is as provided in Schedule III of the act. Find the format below or click here for download.


    I, Name Here, hereby declare as follows:

    1. I am, at present, ________ (unmarried, widowed or divorcee, as the case may be).

    2. I have completed ___ years of age.

    3. I am not related to _____, the bride, within the degrees of prohibited relationship.

    4. I am aware that if any statement in this declaration is false and if in making such statement I either know or believe it to be false or do not believe it to be true, I am liable to imprisonment and also to a fine.



    I, Name Here, hereby declare as follows:

    1. I am, at present, ________ (unmarried, widowed or divorcee, as the case may be).

    2. I have completed ___ years of age.

    3. I am not related to _____, the bridegroom, within the degrees of prohibited relationship.

    4. I am aware that if any statement in this declaration is false and if in making such statement I either know or believe it to be false or do not believe it to be true, I am liable to imprisonment and also to a fine.


    Signed in our presence by the above-named Groom Name and Bride Name. So far as we are aware, there is no lawful impediment to the marriage.

    (Three witnesses)

    (Countersigned Marriage Officer)

    Dated: The ______ day of ______ 20__

    STEP 5: Place of Marriage

    Place of Marriage: Either the office of marriage officer or any other place within a reasonable distance can be the place of marriage.

    Form of Marriage: Any form as the parties to the marriage choose but each party in presence of marriage officer will have to say:

    “I, _______, take thee, ________, to be my lawful wife/husband.”

    STEP 6: Certificate of Marriage

    Meanwhile, the marriage officer enters a certificate in the form specified in Schedule IV of the act in the marriage certificate book. If signed by both parties and three witnesses, such a certificate is conclusive evidence of the court marriage. Hence, the certificate of marriage is as follows:


    I, Marriage Officer, hereby certify that on the ___ day of ____ 20__, groom and bride appeared before me and that each of them, in my presence and in the presence of three witnesses who have signed hereunder, made the declarations required by Section 11 and that a marriage under this Act was solemnized between them in my presence.


    Marriage Officer for __________ District

    (Signed Groom)

    (Signed Bride)

    Therefore, this is the Court Marriage Procedure in India in 6 Easy Steps. Let us know if you have any further questions in the comments.

    As a result, court marriage in India requires a six-step procedure that has to be completed physically and not online. They are the application of intended marriage, publication of the notice, objections to the wedding, place of marriage, signing of the declaration by bride and groom and finally, issuance of the certificate of marriage.


    Can you register for marriage online?
    Form for court marriage and registration is available online. But you will have to be physically present to complete the other formalities. You should initially serve 30 days after registering it online, for instance. Moreover, on the 31st day, you will be asked to come to sign the paper and complete the formalities with the documents and concerned persons.

    Do you need parents’ approval to be married in court?
    No. There is no need for parents’ approval for a court marriage, so long as certain conditions are fulfilled.

    Can I download Court Marriage forms?
    Click on the following words to download the form for Notice of Marriage and Declaration of Bride and Bridegroom.