Can a Caste be Changed from SC to General?

Last Updated at: Aug 25, 2022
Can a Caste be Changed from SC to General
The Chhattisgarh Government has recently instructed for dismissal of those Government employees who are working on the basis of fake caste certificates. The Government has also requested the High Court for early hearing of all cases related to caste certificates in which stay order was granted.

Well, religion can be changed in India, but a caste can’t. A person born in upper-class caste can’t avail of the benefits reserved for SC/ST or OBC.  One acquires caste by birth. Yes, if there is an error due to many circumstances, you can get it corrected. The following information states about the caste conversion from SC to General

Let’s see some important things about a person’s caste.

  1. Changing a Caste

  2. List of Scheduled Caste

  3. General Caste in India

Changing a Caste

All in all, caste is still not autonomous and it is not a person’s own decision. It can be changed in special circumstances, if your parents belong to different castes, you have a choice of one of their castes. Caste change can be achieved legally only when someone has been adopted.  And if a child (born in an inter-caste marriage) when attains the age of 21 chooses to vote for another caste of the father or mother in specific circumstances. 

In the case of marriage, it is not legally possible to change from Scheduled Caste (SC) to Other Backward Classes (OBC) or religion, as instructed by the Supreme Court.

In a judgement, the Apex Court of India ruled that the caste is decided as per the kin of birth. It can not be changed through marriage. If a woman of general caste marries a man who is from scheduled caste, no matter what the ritual says, she can not change her caste legally and avail the benefits available to SC. Similarly, men also can not change their caste through marriage. 

List of Scheduled Caste

The Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes are officially classes in people in India. The terms are recognised in India’s Constitution and the groups are identified in one category or another. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute approximately 16.6 per cent of the population of India (according to the 2011 census), and 8.6 per cent, respectively. In its First Schedule, the Indian Constitution, in the 1950 Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order lists 1,108 castes across 25 states, while the 1950 Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order lists 744 tribes across 22 states. 

In this link, you will get the list of all scheduled classes according to the state and it is updated by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment by the Government of India. 

Get Your Caste Certificate

General Caste in India

Forward caste (referred to as General Class / General Category / Open Category) is a concept in India to signify social classes that on the economic and social front average are ahead of other Indians. Additionally,  forward castes make up about 18.8 per cent of the population, the number of castes differs by area. Forward castes have permission to compete for unreserved seats in educational institutions and central government jobs, regardless of their social educational/economic status. A large portion of the forward caste lives below the poverty line, and over 30 per cent of this community’s members are illiterate.

The position where the caste counts, though, is the documents. Being an SC form category requires certificates from different authorities as evidence. As this entails certain government benefits. But the proof is not necessary for a general category. All you’ll have to do is mention the general category in your documents if you want to move from SC to general. When it’s convenient for you, change your surname to something neutral. 

On the opposite, moving the caste from general to SC requires a large number of documents and approvals, but switching to the general group needs no documentation.